draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-01.txt   draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-02.txt 
V6OPS Working Group C. Byrne V6OPS Working Group C. Byrne
Internet-Draft T-Mobile USA Internet-Draft T-Mobile USA
Intended Status: Informational D. Drown Intended Status: Informational D. Drown
Expires: August 2, 2013 January 29, 2013 Expires: August 12, 2013 February 8, 2013
Extending an IPv6 /64 Prefix from a 3GPP Mobile Interface to a LAN Extending an IPv6 /64 Prefix from a 3GPP Mobile Interface to a LAN
draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-01 draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-02
Abstract Abstract
This document describes three methods for extending an IPv6 /64 This document describes three methods for extending an IPv6 /64
prefix from a User Equipment 3GPP radio interface to a LAN. prefix from a User Equipment 3GPP radio interface to a LAN.
Status of this Memo Status of this Memo
This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79. provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.
skipping to change at page 1, line 31 skipping to change at page 1, line 31
Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet- working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-
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Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
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material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."
This Internet-Draft will expire on August 2, 2013. This Internet-Draft will expire on August 12, 2013.
Copyright and License Notice Copyright and License Notice
Copyright (c) 2013 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2013 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
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the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
described in the Simplified BSD License. described in the Simplified BSD License.
V6OPS Working Group draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-01 January 29, 2013 V6OPS Working Group draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-02 February 8, 2013
Table of Contents Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2. The Challenge of Providing IPv6 Addresses to a LAN via a 3GPP 2. The Challenge of Providing IPv6 Addresses to a LAN via a 3GPP
UE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 UE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
3. Methods for Extending the 3GPP Interface /64 IPv6 Prefix to a 3. Methods for Extending the 3GPP Interface /64 IPv6 Prefix to a
LAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 LAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
3.0 General Behavior for All Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3.0 General Behavior for All Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
3.1 Scenario 1: No Global Address on the UE . . . . . . . . . . 4 3.1 Scenario 1: No Global Address on the UE . . . . . . . . . . 4
3.2 Scenario 2: Global Address Only Assigned to LAN . . . . . . 5 3.2 Scenario 2: Global Address Only Assigned to LAN . . . . . . 5
3.3 Scenario 3: A Single Global Address Assigned to 3GPP Radio 3.3 Scenario 3: A Single Global Address Assigned to 3GPP Radio
and LAN Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 and LAN Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 4. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
5. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 5. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
6. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 6. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
7. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
V6OPS Working Group draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-01 January 29, 2013 V6OPS Working Group draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-02 February 8, 2013
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
3GPP mobile cellular networks such as GSM, UMTS, and LTE have 3GPP mobile cellular networks such as GSM, UMTS, and LTE have
architectural support for IPv6 [RFC6459], but only 3GPP Release-10 architectural support for IPv6 [RFC6459], but only 3GPP Release-10
and onwards of the 3GPP specification supports DHCPv6 Prefix and onwards of the 3GPP specification supports DHCPv6 Prefix
Delegation [RFC3633] for delegating IPv6 prefixes to a LAN. To Delegation [RFC3633] for delegating IPv6 prefixes to a LAN. To
facilitate the use of IPv6 in a LAN prior to deployment of DHCPv6 facilitate the use of IPv6 in a LAN prior to the deployment of DHCPv6
Prefix Delegation in 3GPP networks and in User Equipment (UE), this Prefix Delegation in 3GPP networks and in User Equipment (UE), this
document describes how the 3GPP UE interface assigned global /64 document describes how the 3GPP UE radio interface assigned global
prefix may be extended from the 3GPP radio interface to a LAN. This /64 prefix may be extended from the 3GPP radio interface to a LAN.
is achieved by receiving the Router Advertisement (RA) [RFC4861] This is achieved by receiving the Router Advertisement (RA) [RFC4861]
announced globally unique /64 IPv6 prefix from the 3GPP radio announced globally unique /64 IPv6 prefix from the 3GPP radio
interface and then advertise the same IPv6 prefix to the LAN with RA. interface and then advertise the same IPv6 prefix to the LAN with RA.
This document describes three methods for achieving IPv6 prefix This document describes three methods for achieving IPv6 prefix
extension from a 3GPP radio interface to a LAN including: 1) The 3GPP extension from a 3GPP radio interface to a LAN including: 1) The 3GPP
UE does not have a global scope IPv6 address on any interface, only UE does not have a global scope IPv6 address on any interface, only
link-local IPv6 addresses are present on the UE 2) The 3GPP UE only link-local IPv6 addresses are present on the UE 2) The 3GPP UE only
has a global scope address on the LAN interface 3) The 3GPP UE has a global scope address on the LAN interface 3) The 3GPP UE
maintains the same consistent 128 bit global scope IPv6 anycast maintains the same consistent 128 bit global scope IPv6 anycast
address [RFC4291] on the 3GPP radio interface and the LAN interface. address [RFC4291] on the 3GPP radio interface and the LAN interface.
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Section 3 describes the characteristics of each of the three Section 3 describes the characteristics of each of the three
approaches. approaches.
2. The Challenge of Providing IPv6 Addresses to a LAN via a 3GPP UE 2. The Challenge of Providing IPv6 Addresses to a LAN via a 3GPP UE
As described in [RFC6459], 3GPP networks assign a /64 global scope As described in [RFC6459], 3GPP networks assign a /64 global scope
prefix to each UE using RA. DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation is an optional prefix to each UE using RA. DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation is an optional
part of 3GPP Release-10 and is not covered by any earlier releases. part of 3GPP Release-10 and is not covered by any earlier releases.
Neighbor Discovery Proxy (ND Proxy) [RFC4389] functionality has been Neighbor Discovery Proxy (ND Proxy) [RFC4389] functionality has been
suggested as an option for extending the assigned /64 from the 3GPP suggested as an option for extending the assigned /64 from the 3GPP
interface to the LAN, but ND Proxy is an experimental protocol and radio interface to the LAN, but ND Proxy is an experimental protocol
has some limitations with loop-avoidance. and has some limitations with loop-avoidance.
DHCPv6 is the best way to delegate a prefix to a LAN. The methods DHCPv6 is the best way to delegate a prefix to a LAN. The methods
described in this document should only be applied when deploying described in this document should only be applied when deploying
DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation is not achievable in the 3GPP network and DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation is not achievable in the 3GPP network and
the UE. the UE.
3. Methods for Extending the 3GPP Interface /64 IPv6 Prefix to a LAN 3. Methods for Extending the 3GPP Interface /64 IPv6 Prefix to a LAN
3.0 General Behavior for All Scenarios 3.0 General Behavior for All Scenarios
As [RFC6459] describes, the 3GPP network assigned /64 is completely As [RFC6459] describes, the 3GPP network assigned /64 is completely
dedicated to the UE and the gateway does not consume any of the /64 dedicated to the UE and the gateway does not consume any of the /64
V6OPS Working Group draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-01 January 29, 2013 V6OPS Working Group draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-02 February 8, 2013
addresses. The gateway routes the entire /64 to the UE and does not addresses. The gateway routes the entire /64 to the UE and does not
perform ND or Network Unreachability Detection (NUD) [RFC4861]. perform ND or Network Unreachability Detection (NUD) [RFC4861].
Communication between the UE and the gateway is only done using link- Communication between the UE and the gateway is only done using link-
local addresses and the link is point-to-point. This allows for the local addresses and the link is point-to-point. This allows for the
UE to reliably manipulate the /64 from the 3GPP radio interface UE to reliably manipulate the /64 from the 3GPP radio interface
without negatively impacting the point-to-point 3GPP radio link without negatively impacting the point-to-point 3GPP radio link
interface. The LAN interface RA configuration must be tightly interface. The LAN interface RA configuration must be tightly
coupled with the 3GPP interface state. If the 3GPP interface goes coupled with the 3GPP interface state. If the 3GPP interface goes
down or changes address, that state should be reflected in the LAN down or changes the IPv6 prefix, that state should be reflected in
IPv6 configuration. Just as in a standard IPv6 router, the packet the LAN IPv6 configuration. Just as in a standard IPv6 router, the
TTL will be decremented when passing packets between interfaces packet TTL will be decremented when passing packets between
across the UE. interfaces across the UE. The RA function on the UE is exclusively
run on the LAN interface.
3.1 Scenario 1: No Global Address on the UE 3.1 Scenario 1: No Global Address on the UE
In this case, the UE receives the /64 from the 3GPP network via RA In this case, the UE receives the /64 from the 3GPP network via RA
and simply configures Neighbor Discovery Protocol (NDP) [RFC4861] on and simply configures Neighbor Discovery Protocol (NDP) [RFC4861] on
the LAN interface to announce the /64 via RA. The 3GPP UE does not the LAN interface to announce the /64 via RA. The UE shall not run
assign itself any global IPv6 addresses. The UE cannot originate or Stateless Address Autoconfiguration [RFC4862] to assign a global
terminate any global scope packets in this case since it does not address on the 3GPP radio interface while routing is enabled. The
have a global scope IPv6 address to source or receive packets. The 3GPP UE does not assign itself any global IPv6 addresses. The UE
LAN attached devices have complete access to the /64, but the 3GPP UE cannot originate or terminate any global scope packets in this case
only has link-local addresses. since it does not have a global scope IPv6 address to source or
receive packets. The LAN attached devices have complete access to the
/64, but the 3GPP UE only has link-local addresses.
This method is appropriate for a use-case where the UE is effectively This method is appropriate for a use-case where the UE is effectively
an IPv6 router that does not require any global connectivity. No an IPv6 router that does not require any global connectivity. Lack
global connectivity will prevent proper Path MTU Discovery [RFC1981] of connectivity will prevent proper Path MTU Discovery [RFC1981]
Below is the general procedure for this scenario: Below is the general procedure for this scenario:
1. The user activates router functionality for a LAN on the UE. 1. The user activates router functionality for a LAN on the UE.
2. The UE checks to make sure the 3GPP interface is active and has 2. The UE checks to make sure the 3GPP interface is active and has
an IPv6 address. If the interface does not have an IPv6 address, an IPv6 address. If the interface does not have an IPv6 address,
an attempt will be made to acquire one, or else the procedure an attempt will be made to acquire one, or else the procedure
will terminate. will terminate.
3. In this example, the UE finds the 3GPP interface has the IPv6 3. In this example, the UE finds the 3GPP interface has the IPv6
address 2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9/64 assigned and active. address 2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9/64 assigned and active.
4. The UE copies the prefix 2001:db8:ac10:f002::/64 from the 3GPP 4. The UE copies the prefix 2001:db8:ac10:f002::/64 from the 3GPP
interface to the LAN interface, removes the global IPv6 address interface to the LAN interface, removes the global IPv6 address
configuration from the 3GPP radio interface, and begins configuration from the 3GPP radio interface, disables IPv6
announcing the global prefix 2001:db8:ac10:f002::/64 via RA to Stateless Address Autoconfiguration [RFC4862] feature for global
the LAN. The 3GPP interface and LAN interface only maintain
link-local addresses while the UE uses RA to announce the /64 to
the LAN.
V6OPS Working Group draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-01 January 29, 2013 V6OPS Working Group draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-02 February 8, 2013
addresses on the 3GPP radio interface to avoid address
autoconfiguration, and begins announcing the global prefix
2001:db8:ac10:f002::/64 via RA to the LAN. The 3GPP interface
and LAN interface only maintain link-local addresses while the UE
uses RA to announce the /64 to the LAN.
5. Since the UE and gateway do not assign any of the addresses from 5. Since the UE and gateway do not assign any of the addresses from
the /64, there is no chance of an address conflict on the 3GPP the /64, there is no chance of an address conflict on the 3GPP
radio interface. On the LAN interface, there is no chance of an radio interface. On the LAN interface, there is no chance of an
address conflict since the hosts on the LAN will use Duplicate address conflict since the hosts on the LAN will use Duplicate
Address Detection (DAD) [RFC4862]. Address Detection (DAD) [RFC4862].
3.2 Scenario 2: Global Address Only Assigned to LAN 3.2 Scenario 2: Global Address Only Assigned to LAN
For this case, the UE receives the RA from the 3GPP network but does For this case, the UE receives the RA from the 3GPP network but does
not use a global address on the 3GPP interface. The 3GPP RA /64 not use a global address on the 3GPP interface. The 3GPP RA /64
prefix information is used to configure NDP on the LAN and assigns prefix information is used to configure NDP on the LAN and assigns
itself an address on the LAN link. The LAN interface use RA to itself an address on the LAN link. The LAN interface uses RA to
announces the prefix to the LAN. The UE LAN interface defends its announce the prefix to the LAN. The UE LAN interface defends its LAN
LAN IPv6 address with DAD. IPv6 address with DAD. The UE shall not run Stateless Address
Autoconfiguration [RFC4862] to assign a global address on the 3GPP
radio interface while routing is enabled.
This method allows the UE to originate and terminate IPv6 This method allows the UE to originate and terminate IPv6
communications as a host while acting as an IPv6 router. The communications as a host while acting as an IPv6 router. The
movement of the IPv6 prefix from the 3GPP radio interface to the LAN movement of the IPv6 prefix from the 3GPP radio interface to the LAN
interface may result in long-lived data connections being terminated interface may result in long-lived data connections being terminated
during the transition from a host-only mode to router-and-host mode. during the transition from a host-only mode to router-and-host mode.
This method is appropriate if the UE or software on the UE cannot This method is appropriate if the UE or software on the UE cannot
support multiple interfaces with the same anycast IPv6 address and support multiple interfaces with the same anycast IPv6 address and
the UE requires global connectivity while acting as a router. the UE requires global connectivity while acting as a router.
Below is the general procedure for this scenario: Below is the general procedure for this scenario:
1. The user activates router functionality for a LAN on the UE. 1. The user activates router functionality for a LAN on the UE.
2. The UE checks to make sure the 3GPP interfaces is active and has 2. The UE checks to make sure the 3GPP interface is active and has
an IPv6 address. If the interface does not have an IPv6 address, an IPv6 address. If the interface does not have an IPv6 address,
an attempt will be made to acquire one, or else the procedure an attempt will be made to acquire one, or else the procedure
will terminate. will terminate.
3. In this example, the UE finds the 3GPP interface has the IPv6 3. In this example, the UE finds the 3GPP interface has the IPv6
address 2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9 assigned and active. address 2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9 assigned and active.
4. The UE moves the address 2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9 as a 4. The UE moves the address 2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9 as a
/64 from the 3GPP interfaces to the LAN interface and begins /64 from the 3GPP interfaces to the LAN interface, disables IPv6
announcing the prefix 2001:db8:ac10:f002::/64 via RA to the LAN. SLAAC feature on the 3GPP radio interface to avoid address
For this example, the LAN has 2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9/64
and the 3GPP radio only has a link-local address. V6OPS Working Group draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-02 February 8, 2013
autoconfiguration, and begins announcing the prefix
2001:db8:ac10:f002::/64 via RA to the LAN. For this example, the
LAN has 2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9/64 and the 3GPP radio
only has a link-local address.
5. The UE directly processes all packets destine to itself at 5. The UE directly processes all packets destine to itself at
2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9. 2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9.
6. The UE, acting as a router running NDP on the LAN, will route 6. The UE, acting as a router running NDP on the LAN, will route
packets to and from the LAN. IPv6 packets passing between
V6OPS Working Group draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-01 January 29, 2013
packet to and from the LAN. IPv6 packets passing between
interfaces will have the TTL decremented. interfaces will have the TTL decremented.
7. On the LAN interface, there is no chance of address conflict 7. On the LAN interface, there is no chance of address conflict
since the address is defended using DAD. The 3GPP radio since the address is defended using DAD. The 3GPP radio
interface only has link-local addresses. interface only has link-local addresses.
3.3 Scenario 3: A Single Global Address Assigned to 3GPP Radio and LAN 3.3 Scenario 3: A Single Global Address Assigned to 3GPP Radio and LAN
Interface Interface
In this method, the UE assigns itself one address from the 3GPP In this method, the UE assigns itself one address from the 3GPP
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an IPv6 address. If the interface does not have an IPv6 address, an IPv6 address. If the interface does not have an IPv6 address,
an attempt will be made to acquire one, or else the procedure an attempt will be made to acquire one, or else the procedure
will terminate. will terminate.
3. In this example, the UE finds the 3GPP interface has the IPv6 3. In this example, the UE finds the 3GPP interface has the IPv6
address 2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9 assigned and active. address 2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9 assigned and active.
4. The UE moves the address 2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9 as an 4. The UE moves the address 2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9 as an
anycast /64 from the 3GPP interface to the LAN interface and anycast /64 from the 3GPP interface to the LAN interface and
begins announcing the prefix 2001:db8:ac10:f002::/64 via RA to begins announcing the prefix 2001:db8:ac10:f002::/64 via RA to
V6OPS Working Group draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-02 February 8, 2013
the LAN. The 3GPP interface maintains the same IPv6 anycast the LAN. The 3GPP interface maintains the same IPv6 anycast
address with a /128. For this example, the LAN has address with a /128. For this example, the LAN has
2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9/64 and the 3GPP radio interface 2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9/64 and the 3GPP radio interface
has 2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9/128. has 2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9/128.
5. The UE directly processes all packets destine to itself at 5. The UE directly processes all packets destine to itself at
2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9. 2001:db8:ac10:f002:1234:4567:0:9.
6. On the LAN interface, there is no chance of address conflict 6. On the LAN interface, there is no chance of address conflict
since the address is defended using DAD. The 3GPP radio since the address is defended using DAD. The 3GPP radio
V6OPS Working Group draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-01 January 29, 2013
interface only has a /128 and no other systems on the 3GPP radio interface only has a /128 and no other systems on the 3GPP radio
point-to-point link may use the global /64. point-to-point link may use the global /64.
4. Security Considerations 4. Security Considerations
Security considerations identified in [I-D.draft-ietf-v6ops- Since Scenario 3.2 does not allow for Privacy Extension to run the
rfc3316bis] are to be taken into account. Since Scenario 3 does not 3GPP interface, UEs that require this functionality must find an
allow for Privacy Extension to run the 3GPP interface, UEs that alternative method or only associate the IPv6 Privacy Extension
require this functionality must find an alternative method. procedure on the LAN.
5. IANA Considerations 5. IANA Considerations
This document does not require any action from IANA. This document does not require any action from IANA.
6. Acknowledgments 6. Acknowledgments
Many thanks for review and discussion from Mark Smith, Dmitry Anipko, Many thanks for review and discussion from Sylvain Decremps, Mark
Masanobu Kawashima, Teemu Savolainen, Mikael Abrahamsson, Eric Smith, Dmitry Anipko, Masanobu Kawashima, Teemu Savolainen, Mikael
Vyncke, Alexandru Petrescu, Jouni Korhonen, Julien Laganier, and Ales Abrahamsson, Eric Vyncke, Alexandru Petrescu, Jouni Korhonen, Julien
Vizdal. Laganier, and Ales Vizdal.
7. Informative References 7. Informative References
[I-D.ietf-v6ops-rfc3316bis] Korhonen, J., Arkko, J., Savolainen, T.,
and S. Krishnan, "IPv6 for 3GPP Cellular Hosts", draft-
ietf-v6ops-rfc3316bis (work in progress), November 2012.
[RFC1981] McCann, J., Deering, S., and J. Mogul, "Path MTU Discovery [RFC1981] McCann, J., Deering, S., and J. Mogul, "Path MTU Discovery
for IP version 6", RFC 1981, August 1996. for IP version 6", RFC 1981, August 1996.
[RFC3633] Troan, O. and R. Droms, "IPv6 Prefix Options for Dynamic [RFC3633] Troan, O. and R. Droms, "IPv6 Prefix Options for Dynamic
Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) version 6", RFC 3633, Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) version 6", RFC 3633,
December 2003. December 2003.
[RFC4291] Hinden, R. and S. Deering, "IP Version 6 Addressing [RFC4291] Hinden, R. and S. Deering, "IP Version 6 Addressing
Architecture", RFC 4291, February 2006. Architecture", RFC 4291, February 2006.
[RFC4389] Thaler, D., Talwar, M., and C. Patel, "Neighbor Discovery [RFC4389] Thaler, D., Talwar, M., and C. Patel, "Neighbor Discovery
Proxies (ND Proxy)", RFC 4389, April 2006. Proxies (ND Proxy)", RFC 4389, April 2006.
[RFC4861] Narten, T., Nordmark, E., Simpson, W., and H. Soliman, [RFC4861] Narten, T., Nordmark, E., Simpson, W., and H. Soliman,
V6OPS Working Group draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-02 February 8, 2013
"Neighbor Discovery for IP version 6 (IPv6)", RFC 4861, "Neighbor Discovery for IP version 6 (IPv6)", RFC 4861,
September 2007. September 2007.
[RFC4862] Thomson, S., Narten, T., and T. Jinmei, "IPv6 Stateless [RFC4862] Thomson, S., Narten, T., and T. Jinmei, "IPv6 Stateless
Address Autoconfiguration", RFC 4862, September 2007. Address Autoconfiguration", RFC 4862, September 2007.
V6OPS Working Group draft-ietf-v6ops-64share-01 January 29, 2013
[RFC4941] Narten, T., Draves, R., and S. Krishnan, "Privacy [RFC4941] Narten, T., Draves, R., and S. Krishnan, "Privacy
Extensions for Stateless Address Autoconfiguration in Extensions for Stateless Address Autoconfiguration in
IPv6", RFC 4941, September 2007. IPv6", RFC 4941, September 2007.
[RFC6459] Korhonen, J., Ed., Soininen, J., Patil, B., Savolainen, [RFC6459] Korhonen, J., Ed., Soininen, J., Patil, B., Savolainen,
T., Bajko, G., and K. Iisakkila, "IPv6 in 3rd Generation T., Bajko, G., and K. Iisakkila, "IPv6 in 3rd Generation
Partnership Project (3GPP) Evolved Packet System (EPS)", Partnership Project (3GPP) Evolved Packet System (EPS)",
RFC 6459, January 2012. RFC 6459, January 2012.
Authors' Addresses Authors' Addresses
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