draft-ietf-tsvwg-addip-sctp-04.txt   draft-ietf-tsvwg-addip-sctp-05.txt 
Network Working Group R. R. Stewart Network Working Group R. R. Stewart
INTERNET-DRAFT M. A. Ramalho INTERNET-DRAFT M. A. Ramalho
Cisco Systems Cisco Systems
Q. Xie Q. Xie
Motorola Motorola
M. Tuexen M. Tuexen
Siemens AG Siemens AG
I. Rytina I. Rytina
M. Belinchon
Ericsson Ericsson
P. Conrad P. Conrad
Temple University Temple University
expires in six months January 29, 2002 expires in six months May 12, 2002
SCTP Extensions for Dynamic Reconfiguration of IP Addresses Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)
Dynamic Address Reconfiguration
<draft-ietf-tsvwg-addip-sctp-04.txt> <draft-ietf-tsvwg-addip-sctp-05.txt>
Status of This Memo Status of This Memo
This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with
all provisions of Section 10 of RFC 2026 [RFC2026]. Internet-Drafts all provisions of Section 10 of RFC 2026 [RFC2026]. Internet-Drafts
are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF),
its areas, and its working groups. Note that other groups may also its areas, and its working groups. Note that other groups may also
distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts.
The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at
http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt
The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at
http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html. http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html.
Abstract Abstract
This document describes extensions to the Stream Control This document describes extensions to the Stream Control
Transmission Protocol (SCTP) [RFC2960] that provide methods to (1) Transmission Protocol (SCTP) [RFC2960] that provides a method to
reconfigure IP address information on an existing association and reconfigure IP address information on an existing association.
(2) request that a peer set flow limits in units of bytes or
messages, either on a per-stream or per-association basis.
TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Introduction............................................... 2 1. Introduction............................................... 2
2. Conventions................................................ 2 2. Conventions................................................ 3
3. Additional Chunks and Parameters........................... 3 3. Additional Chunks and Parameters........................... 3
3.1 New Chunk Types........................................... 3 3.1 New Chunk Types........................................... 3
3.1.1 Address/Stream Configuration Change Chunk (ASCONF)...... 3 3.1.1 Address Configuration Change Chunk (ASCONF)............. 3
3.1.2 Address/Stream Configuration Acknowledgment Chunk 3.1.2 Address Configuration Acknowledgment Chunk
(ASCONF-ACK)............................................ 5 (ASCONF-ACK)............................................ 4
3.2 New Parameter Types....................................... 6 3.2 New Parameter Types....................................... 5
3.2.1 Add IP Address.......................................... 6 3.2.1 Add IP Address.......................................... 6
3.2.2 Delete IP Address....................................... 6 3.2.2 Delete IP Address........................................ 6
3.2.3 Error Cause Indication.................................. 7 3.2.3 Error Cause Indication................................... 7
3.2.4 Set Primary IP Address.................................. 8 3.2.4 Set Primary IP Address................................... 8
3.2.5 Success Indication...................................... 8 3.2.5 Success Indication....................................... 9
3.2.6 Adaption Layer Indication............................... 9 3.2.6 Adaption Layer Indication................................10
3.3 New Error Causes.......................................... 9 3.3 New Error Causes...........................................10
3.3.1 Error Cause: Request to Delete Last Remaining IP Address 9 3.3.1 Error Cause: Request to Delete Last Remaining IP Address.10
3.3.2 Error Cause: Operation Refused Due to Resource Shortage.10 3.3.2 Error Cause: Operation Refused Due to Resource Shortage..11
3.3.3 Error Cause: Request to Delete Source IP Address........11 3.3.3 Error Cause: Request to Delete Source IP Address.........12
4. Procedures.................................................11 3.3.4 Error Cause: Association Aborted due to illegal
4.1 ASCONF Chunk Procedures...................................11 ASCONF-ACK...............................................12
4.1.1 Congestion Control of ASCONF Chunks.....................13 4. Procedures..................................................12
4.2 Upon reception of an ASCONF Chunk.........................14 4.1 ASCONF Chunk Procedures....................................13
4.3 General rules for address manipulation....................15 4.1.1 Congestion Control of ASCONF Chunks......................14
4.3.1 A special case for OOTB ABORT chunks....................18 4.2 Upon reception of an ASCONF Chunk..........................15
4.3.2 A special case for changing an address..................19 4.3 General rules for address manipulation.....................17
4.4 Setting of the primary address............................19 4.3.1 A special case for OOTB ABORT chunks.....................19
5. Security Considerations....................................20 4.3.2 A special case for changing an address...................20
6. IANA considerations........................................20 4.4 Setting of the primary address.............................20
7. Authors' Addresses.........................................20 5. Abstract description of SCTP addressing.....................21
8. References.................................................21 6. Security Considerations.....................................24
7. IANA considerations.........................................24
8. Acknowledgments.............................................24
9. Authors' Addresses..........................................24
10.Normative References........................................25
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
To extend the utility and application scenarios of SCTP, this To extend the utility and application scenarios of SCTP, this
document introduces optional extensions that provide SCTP with the document introduces optional extensions that provide SCTP with the
ability to reconfigure IP address information on an existing ability to:
association.
This extension enable SCTP to be utilized in the following 1. reconfigure IP address information on an existing association.
2. set the remote primary path.
3. exchange adaptation layer information during association setup.
These extensions enable SCTP to be utilized in the following
applications: applications:
- Dynamic IP address reconfiguration extension: For 1. For computational or networking platforms that allow
computational or networking platforms that allow addition/removal of addition/removal of physical interface cards this feature can
physical interface cards this feature can provide: provide a graceful method to add to the interfaces of an existing
association. For IPv6 this feature allows renumbering of existing
associations.
A) a graceful method to add to the interfaces of an existing 2. This provides a method for an endpoint to request that its peer
association. For IPv6 this feature allows renumbering set its primary destination address. This can be useful when an
of existing associations. address is about to be deleted, or when an endpoint has some
predetermined knowledge about which is the preferred address to
receive SCTP packets upon.
B) a method for an endpoint to request that its peer set 3. This feature can be used to extend the usability of SCTP without
its primary destination address. This can be useful modifying it by allowing endpoints to exchange some information
when an address is about to be deleted, or when an endpoint during association setup.
has some predetermined knowledge about which is the
preferred address to receive SCTP packets upon.
2. Conventions 2. Conventions
The keywords MUST, MUST NOT, REQUIRED, SHALL, SHALL NOT, SHOULD, The keywords MUST, MUST NOT, REQUIRED, SHALL, SHALL NOT, SHOULD,
SHOULD NOT, RECOMMENDED, NOT RECOMMENDED, MAY, and OPTIONAL, when SHOULD NOT, RECOMMENDED, NOT RECOMMENDED, MAY, and OPTIONAL, when
they appear in this document, are to be interpreted as described in they appear in this document, are to be interpreted as described in
RFC 2119 [RFC2119]. RFC 2119 [RFC2119].
3. Additional Chunks and Parameters 3. Additional Chunks and Parameters
skipping to change at page 3, line 26 skipping to change at page 3, line 33
support these new chunks and parameters. support these new chunks and parameters.
3.1 New Chunk Types 3.1 New Chunk Types
This section defines two new chunk types that will be used to This section defines two new chunk types that will be used to
transfer the control information reliably. Table 1 illustrates the transfer the control information reliably. Table 1 illustrates the
two new chunk types. two new chunk types.
Chunk Type Chunk Name Chunk Type Chunk Name
-------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------
0xC1 Address/Stream Configuration Change Chunk (ASCONF) 0xC1 Address Configuration Change Chunk (ASCONF)
0x80 Address Configuration Acknowledgment (ASCONF-ACK) 0x80 Address Configuration Acknowledgment (ASCONF-ACK)
Table 1: Address/Stream Configuration Chunks Table 1: Address Configuration Chunks
It should be noted that the ASCONF Chunk format requires the It should be noted that the ASCONF Chunk format requires the
receiver to report to the sender if it does not understand the receiver to report to the sender if it does not understand the
ASCONF Chunk. This is accomplished by setting the upper bits in the ASCONF Chunk. This is accomplished by setting the upper bits in the
chunk type as described in [RFC2960] section 3.2. Note that the chunk type as described in [RFC2960] section 3.2. Note that the
upper two bits in the ASCONF Chunk are set to one. As defined in upper two bits in the ASCONF Chunk are set to one. As defined in
[RFC2960] section 3.2, setting these upper bits in this manner will [RFC2960] section 3.2, setting these upper bits in this manner will
cause the receiver that does not understand this chunk to skip the cause the receiver that does not understand this chunk to skip the
chunk and continue processing, but report in an Operation Error chunk and continue processing, but report in an Operation Error
Chunk using the 'Unrecognized Chunk Type' cause of error. Chunk using the 'Unrecognized Chunk Type' cause of error.
3.1.1 Address/Stream Configuration Change Chunk (ASCONF) 3.1.1 Address Configuration Change Chunk (ASCONF)
This chunk is used to communicate to the remote endpoint one of the This chunk is used to communicate to the remote endpoint one of the
configuration change requests that MUST be acknowledged. The configuration change requests that MUST be acknowledged. The
information carried in the ASCONF Chunk uses the form of a information carried in the ASCONF Chunk uses the form of a
Tag-Length-Value (TLV), as described in "3.2.1 Type-Length-Value (TLV), as described in "3.2.1
Optional/Variable-length Parameter Format" in [RFC2960], for Optional/Variable-length Parameter Format" in [RFC2960], for
all variable parameters. all variable parameters.
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type = 0xC1 | Chunk Flags | Chunk Length | | Type = 0xC1 | Chunk Flags | Chunk Length |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Serial Number | | Serial Number |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Reserved | Addr Type | | Address Parameter |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Address Bytes 0-3 |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Address Bytes 4-7 |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Address Bytes 8-11 |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Address Bytes 12-15 |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| ASCONF-Request Correlation ID #1 |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| ASCONF Parameter #1 | | ASCONF Parameter #1 |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
\ \ \ \
/ .... / / .... /
\ \ \ \
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| ASCONF-Request Correlation ID #N |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| ASCONF Parameter #N | | ASCONF Parameter #N |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Serial Number : 32 bits (unsigned integer) Serial Number : 32 bits (unsigned integer)
This value represents a Serial Number for the ASCONF Chunk. The This value represents a Serial Number for the ASCONF Chunk. The
valid range of Serial Number is from 0 to 4294967295 (2**32 - 1). valid range of Serial Number is from 0 to 4294967295 (2**32 - 1).
Serial Numbers wrap back to 0 after reaching 4294967295. Serial Numbers wrap back to 0 after reaching 4294967295.
Reserved: 24 bits Reserved: 24 bits
Reserved, set to 0 by the sender and ignored by the Reserved, set to 0 by the sender and ignored by the
receiver. receiver.
Address Type : 8 bits (unsigned char) Address Parameter : 8 or 20 bytes (depending on type)
This value determines the type of address found in the
Address Bytes field. If the value is 5 then the first
4 bytes of the Address Bytes field contain an IPv4 address,
in network byte order. If the value is 6 then the first
16 bytes of the Address Bytes field contain an IPv6 address,
in network byte order.
Address Bytes: 16 bytes (unsigned chars)
This field contains an IP address of the sender of the ASCONF
chunk, the address MUST be considered part of the association
by the peer endpoint (the receiver of the ASCONF chunk).
This field may be used by the receiver of the ASCONF to help
in finding the association.
ASCONF-Request Correlation ID: 32 bits (unsigned integer) This field contains an address parameter, either IPv6
or IPv4, from RFC2960. The address is an address of the
sender of the ASCONF chunk, the address MUST be considered
part of the association by the peer endpoint (the receiver
of the ASCONF chunk). This field may be used by the receiver
of the ASCONF to help in finding the association. This
parameter MUST be present in every ASCONF message i.e.
it is a mandatory TLV parameter.
This is an opaque integer assigned by the sender to identify each Note the host name address parameter is NOT allowed.
request parameter. It is in host byte order and is only meaningful
to the sender. The receiver of the ASCONF Chunk will copy this 32
bit value into the ASCONF Correlation ID field of the
ASCONF-ACK. The sender of the ASCONF can use this same value in the
ASCONF-ACK to find which request the response is for.
ASCONF Parameter: TLV format ASCONF Parameter: TLV format
Each Address configuration change is represented by a TLV Each Address configuration change is represented by a TLV
parameter as defined in Section 3.2. One or more requests parameter as defined in Section 3.2. One or more requests
may be present in an ASCONF Chunk. may be present in an ASCONF Chunk.
3.1.2 Address/Stream Configuration Acknowledgment Chunk (ASCONF-ACK) 3.1.2 Address Configuration Acknowledgment Chunk (ASCONF-ACK)
This chunk is used by the receiver of an ASCONF Chunk to acknowledge This chunk is used by the receiver of an ASCONF Chunk to acknowledge
the reception. It carries zero or more results for any ASCONF the reception. It carries zero or more results for any ASCONF
Parameters that were processed by the receiver. Parameters that were processed by the receiver.
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type = 0x80 | Chunk Flags | Chunk Length | | Type = 0x80 | Chunk Flags | Chunk Length |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Serial Number | | Serial Number |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| ASCONF-Request Correlation ID #1 |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| ASCONF Parameter Response#1 | | ASCONF Parameter Response#1 |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
\ \ \ \
/ .... / / .... /
\ \ \ \
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| ASCONF-Request Correlation ID #N |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| ASCONF Parameter Response#N | | ASCONF Parameter Response#N |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Serial Number : 32 bits (unsigned integer) Serial Number : 32 bits (unsigned integer)
This value represents the Serial Number for the received ASCONF Chunk This value represents the Serial Number for the received ASCONF Chunk
that is acknowledged by this chunk. This value is that is acknowledged by this chunk. This value is
copied from the received ASCONF Chunk. copied from the received ASCONF Chunk.
ASCONF-Request Correlation ID: 32 bits (unsigned integer)
This value is copied from the ASCONF Correlation ID received in the
ASCONF Chunk. It is used by the receiver of the ASCONF-ACK to identify
which ASCONF parameter this response is associated with.
ASCONF Parameter Response : TLV format ASCONF Parameter Response : TLV format
The ASCONF Parameter Response is used in the ASCONF-ACK to report The ASCONF Parameter Response is used in the ASCONF-ACK to report
status of ASCONF processing. By default, if a responding endpoint status of ASCONF processing. By default, if a responding endpoint
does not include any Error Cause, a success is indicated. Thus a does not include any Error Cause, a success is indicated. Thus a
sender of an ASCONF-ACK MAY indicate complete success of all TLVs in sender of an ASCONF-ACK MAY indicate complete success of all TLVs in
an ASCONF by returning only the Chunk Type, Chunk Flags, Chunk Length an ASCONF by returning only the Chunk Type, Chunk Flags, Chunk Length
(set to 8) and the Serial Number. (set to 8) and the Serial Number.
3.2 New Parameter Types 3.2 New Parameter Types
The six new parameters added follow the format defined in section The six new parameters added follow the format defined in section
3.2.1 of [RFC2960]. Table 2 describes the parameters. 3.2.1 of [RFC2960]. Table 2 and 3 describes the parameters.
Address Configuration Parameters Parameter Type Address Configuration Parameters Parameter Type
------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------
Add IP Address 0xC001 Add IP Address 0xC001
Delete IP Address 0xC002 Delete IP Address 0xC002
Error Cause Indication 0xC003
Set Primary Address 0xC004 Set Primary Address 0xC004
Success report 0xC005
Adaption Layer Indication 0xC006 Adaption Layer Indication 0xC006
Table 2: Address Configuration Parameters Table 2: Parameters used in ASCONF Parameter
Address Configuration Parameters Parameter Type
-------------------------------------------------
Error Cause Indication 0xC003
Success report 0xC005
Table 3: Parameters used in ASCONF Parameter Response
3.2.1 Add IP Address 3.2.1 Add IP Address
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type = 0xC001 | Length = Variable | | Type = 0xC001 | Length = Variable |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| ASCONF-Request Correlation ID |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Address Parameter | | Address Parameter |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
ASCONF-Request Correlation ID: 32 bits
This is an opaque integer assigned by the sender to identify each
request parameter. It is in host byte order and is only meaningful
to the sender. The receiver of the ASCONF Chunk will copy this 32
bit value into the ASCONF Response Correlation ID field of the
ASCONF-ACK response parameter. The sender of the ASCONF can use this
same value in the ASCONF-ACK to find which request the response is
for.
Address Parameter: TLV Address Parameter: TLV
This field contains an IPv4 or IPv6 address parameter as described This field contains an IPv4 or IPv6 address parameter as described
in 3.3.2.1 of RFC2960. The complete TLV is wrapped within this in 3.3.2.1 of RFC2960. The complete TLV is wrapped within this
parameter. It informs the receiver that the address specified is to parameter. It informs the receiver that the address specified is to
be added to the existing association. be added to the existing association.
An example TLV requesting that the IPv4 address 10.1.1.1 be An example TLV requesting that the IPv4 address 10.1.1.1 be
added to the association would look as follows: added to the association would look as follows:
+--------------------------------+ +--------------------------------+
| Type=0xC001 | Length = 12 | | Type=0xC001 | Length = 16 |
+--------------------------------+
| C-ID = 0x01023474 |
+--------------------------------+ +--------------------------------+
| Type=5 | Length = 8 | | Type=5 | Length = 8 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
| Value=0x0a010101 | | Value=0x0a010101 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
Valid Chunk Appearance Valid Chunk Appearance
The Add IP Address parameter may only appear in the ASCONF Chunk The Add IP Address parameter may only appear in the ASCONF Chunk
type. type.
skipping to change at page 7, line 4 skipping to change at page 6, line 52
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
| Value=0x0a010101 | | Value=0x0a010101 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
Valid Chunk Appearance Valid Chunk Appearance
The Add IP Address parameter may only appear in the ASCONF Chunk The Add IP Address parameter may only appear in the ASCONF Chunk
type. type.
3.2.2 Delete IP Address 3.2.2 Delete IP Address
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type =0xC002 | Length = Variable | | Type =0xC002 | Length = Variable |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| ASCONF-Request Correlation ID |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Address Parameter | | Address Parameter |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
ASCONF-Request Correlation ID: 32 bits
This is an opaque integer assigned by the sender to identify each
request parameter. It is in host byte order and is only meaningful
to the sender. The receiver of the ASCONF Chunk will copy this 32
bit value into the ASCONF Response Correlation ID field of the
ASCONF-ACK response parameter. The sender of the ASCONF can use this
same value in the ASCONF-ACK to find which request the response is
for.
Address Parameter: TLV Address Parameter: TLV
This field contains an IPv4 or IPv6 address parameter as described in This field contains an IPv4 or IPv6 address parameter as described in
3.3.2.1 of [RFC2960]. The complete TLV is wrapped within this 3.3.2.1 of [RFC2960]. The complete TLV is wrapped within this
parameter. It informs the receiver that the address specified is to parameter. It informs the receiver that the address specified is to
be removed from the existing association. be removed from the existing association.
An example TLV deleting the IPv4 address 10.1.1.1 from an existing An example TLV deleting the IPv4 address 10.1.1.1 from an existing
association would look as follows: association would look as follows:
+--------------------------------+ +--------------------------------+
| Type=0xC002 | Length = 12 | | Type=0xC002 | Length = 16 |
+--------------------------------+
| C-ID = 0x01023476 |
+--------------------------------+ +--------------------------------+
| Type=5 | Length = 8 | | Type=5 | Length = 8 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
| Value=0x0a010101 | | Value=0x0a010101 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
Valid Chunk Appearance Valid Chunk Appearance
The Delete IP Address parameter may only appear in the ASCONF Chunk The Delete IP Address parameter may only appear in the ASCONF Chunk
type. type.
3.2.3 Error Cause Indication 3.2.3 Error Cause Indication
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type = 0xC003 | Length = Variable | | Type = 0xC003 | Length = Variable |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| ASCONF-Response Correlation ID |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Error Cause(s) or Return Info on Success | | Error Cause(s) or Return Info on Success |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
ASCONF-Response Correlation ID: 32 bits
This is an opaque integer assigned by the sender to identify each
request parameter. The receiver of the ASCONF Chunk will copy this 32
bit value from the ASCONF-Request Correlation ID into the ASCONF
Response Correlation ID field so the peer can easily correlate the
request to this response.
Error Cause(s): TLV(s)
When reporting an error this response parameter is used to wrap When reporting an error this response parameter is used to wrap
one or more standard error causes normally found within an SCTP one or more standard error causes normally found within an SCTP
Operational Error or SCTP Abort (as defined in [RFC2960]). The Operational Error or SCTP Abort (as defined in [RFC2960]). The
Error Cause(s) follow the format defined in section 3.3.10 of Error Cause(s) follow the format defined in section 3.3.10 of
[RFC2960]. [RFC2960].
Valid Chunk Appearance Valid Chunk Appearance
The Error Cause Indication parameter may only appear in the The Error Cause Indication parameter may only appear in the
ASCONF-ACK chunk type. ASCONF-ACK chunk type.
3.2.4 Set Primary IP Address 3.2.4 Set Primary IP Address
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type =0xC004 | Length = Variable | | Type =0xC004 | Length = Variable |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| ASCONF-Request Correlation ID |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Address Parameter | | Address Parameter |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
ASCONF-Request Correlation ID: 32 bits
This is an opaque integer assigned by the sender to identify each
request parameter. It is in host byte order and is only meaningful
to the sender. The receiver of the ASCONF Chunk will copy this 32
bit value into the ASCONF Response Correlation ID field of the
ASCONF-ACK response parameter. The sender of the ASCONF can use this
same value in the ASCONF-ACK to find which request the response is
for.
Address Parameter: TLV Address Parameter: TLV
This field contains an IPv4 or IPv6 address parameter as described in This field contains an IPv4 or IPv6 address parameter as described in
3.3.2.1 of [RFC2960]. The complete TLV is wrapped within this 3.3.2.1 of [RFC2960]. The complete TLV is wrapped within this
parameter. It requests the receiver to mark the specified address parameter. It requests the receiver to mark the specified address
as the primary address to send data to (see section 5.1.2 of as the primary address to send data to (see section 5.1.2 of
[RFC2960]). The receiver MAY mark this as its primary upon [RFC2960]). The receiver MAY mark this as its primary upon
receiving this request. receiving this request.
An example TLV requesting that the IPv4 address 10.1.1.1 be made the An example TLV requesting that the IPv4 address 10.1.1.1 be made the
primary destination address would look as follows: primary destination address would look as follows:
+--------------------------------+ +--------------------------------+
| Type=0xC004 | Length = 12 | | Type=0xC004 | Length = 18 |
+--------------------------------+
| C-ID = 0x01023479 |
+--------------------------------+ +--------------------------------+
| Type=5 | Length = 8 | | Type=5 | Length = 8 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
| Value=0x0a010101 | | Value=0x0a010101 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
Valid Chunk Appearance Valid Chunk Appearance
The Set Primary IP Address parameter may appear in the ASCONF Chunk, The Set Primary IP Address parameter may appear in the ASCONF Chunk,
the INIT, or the INIT-ACK chunk type. The inclusion of this parameter the INIT, or the INIT-ACK chunk type. The inclusion of this parameter
in the INIT or INIT-ACK can be used to indicate an initial preference in the INIT or INIT-ACK can be used to indicate an initial preference
of primary address. of primary address.
3.2.5 Success Indication 3.2.5 Success Indication
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type = 0xC005 | Length = 4 | | Type = 0xC005 | Length = 8 |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| ASCONF-Response Correlation ID |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
By default if a responding endpoint does not report an error for any By default if a responding endpoint does not report an error for any
requested TLV, a success is implicitly indicated. Thus a sender of a requested TLV, a success is implicitly indicated. Thus a sender of a
ASCONF-ACK MAY indicate complete success of all TLVs in an ASCONF by ASCONF-ACK MAY indicate complete success of all TLVs in an ASCONF by
returning only the Chunk Type, Chunk Flags, Chunk Length (set to 8) returning only the Chunk Type, Chunk Flags, Chunk Length (set to 8)
and the Serial Number. and the Serial Number.
The responding endpoint MAY also choose to explicitly report an The responding endpoint MAY also choose to explicitly report a
success for a requested TLV, by returning a success report ASCONF success for a requested TLV, by returning a success report ASCONF
Parameter Response. Parameter Response.
ASCONF-Response Correlation ID: 32 bits
This is an opaque integer assigned by the sender to identify each
request parameter. The receiver of the ASCONF Chunk will copy this 32
bit value from the ASCONF-Request Correlation ID into the ASCONF
Response Correlation ID field so the peer can easily correlate the
request to this response.
Valid Chunk Appearance Valid Chunk Appearance
The Success Indication parameter may only appear in the ASCONF-ACK The Success Indication parameter may only appear in the ASCONF-ACK
chunk type. chunk type.
3.2.6 Adaption Layer Indication 3.2.6 Adaption Layer Indication
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type =0xC006 | Length = Variable | | Type =0xC006 | Length = Variable |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Reserved Bit Fields | | Reserved Bit Fields |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
This parameter is specified for the communication of peer upper This parameter is specified for the communication of peer upper
layer protocols. It is envisioned to be used for flow control layer protocols. It is envisioned to be used for flow control
and other adaption layers that require an indication to be and other adaption layers that require an indication to be
carried in the INITand INIT-ACK. Each adaption layer that carried in the INITand INIT-ACK. Each adaption layer that
is defined that wishes to use this parameter MUST specify is defined that wishes to use this parameter MUST specify
a bit int the reserved bit field in an appropriate RFC. This a bit in the reserved bit field in an appropriate RFC. This
parameter SHOULD NOT be examined by the receiving SCTP parameter SHOULD NOT be examined by the receiving SCTP
implementation and should be passed opaquely to the upper implementation and should be passed opaquely to the upper
layer protocol. layer protocol.
Valid Chunk Appearance Valid Chunk Appearance
The Adaption Layer Indication parameter may appear in INIT or The Adaption Layer Indication parameter may appear in INIT or
INIT-ACK chunk and SHOULD be passed to the receivers upper layer INIT-ACK chunk and SHOULD be passed to the receivers upper layer
protocol. protocol.
3.3 New Error Causes 3.3 New Error Causes
Three new Error Causes are added to the SCTP Operational Errors, Four new Error Causes are added to the SCTP Operational Errors,
primarily for use in the ASCONF-ACK chunk. primarily for use in the ASCONF-ACK chunk.
Cause Code Cause Code
Value Cause Code Value Cause Code
--------- ---------------- --------- ----------------
0xB Request to Delete Last Remaining IP Address. 0x000B Request to Delete Last Remaining IP Address.
0xC Operation Refused Due to Resource Shortage. 0x000C Operation Refused Due to Resource Shortage.
0xD Request to Delete Source IP Address. 0x000D Request to Delete Source IP Address.
0x000E Association Aborted due to illegal ASCONF-ACK
Table 3: New Error Causes Table 3: New Error Causes
3.3.1 Error Cause: Request to Delete Last Remaining IP Address 3.3.1 Error Cause: Request to Delete Last Remaining IP Address
Cause of error Cause of error
--------------- ---------------
Request to Delete Last Remaining IP address: The receiver of this Request to Delete Last Remaining IP address: The receiver of this
error sent a request to delete the last IP address from its error sent a request to delete the last IP address from its
association with its peer. This error indicates that the request is association with its peer. This error indicates that the request is
skipping to change at page 10, line 21 skipping to change at page 11, line 12
| Cause Code=0x000B | Cause Length=Variable | | Cause Code=0x000B | Cause Length=Variable |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
\ TLV-Copied-From-ASCONF / \ TLV-Copied-From-ASCONF /
/ \ / \
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
An example of a failed delete in an Error Cause TLV would look as An example of a failed delete in an Error Cause TLV would look as
follows in the response ASCONF-ACK message: follows in the response ASCONF-ACK message:
+--------------------------------+ +--------------------------------+
| Type = 0xC003 | Length = 20 | | Type = 0xC003 | Length = 24 |
+--------------------------------+
| C-ID = 0x01023476 |
+--------------------------------+ +--------------------------------+
| Cause=0x000B | Length = 16 | | Cause=0x000B | Length = 16 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
| Type= 0xC002 | Length = 12 | | Type= 0xC002 | Length = 12 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
| Type=0x0005 | Length = 8 | | Type=0x0005 | Length = 8 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
| Value=0x0A010101 | | Value=0x0A010101 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
3.3.2 Error Cause: Operation Refused Due to Resource Shortage 3.3.2 Error Cause: Operation Refused Due to Resource Shortage
Cause of error Cause of error
--------------- ---------------
This error cause is used to report a failure by the receiver to This error cause is used to report a failure by the receiver to
perform the requested operation due to a lack of resources. The perform the requested operation due to a lack of resources. The
entire TLV that is refused is copied from the ASCONF-REQ into the entire TLV that is refused is copied from the ASCONF into the
error cause. error cause.
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Cause Code=0x000C | Cause Length=Variable | | Cause Code=0x000C | Cause Length=Variable |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
\ TLV-Copied-From-ASCONF / \ TLV-Copied-From-ASCONF /
/ \ / \
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
An example of a failed addition in an Error Cause TLV would look as An example of a failed addition in an Error Cause TLV would look as
follows in the response ASCONF-ACK message: follows in the response ASCONF-ACK message:
+--------------------------------+ +--------------------------------+
| Type = 0xC003 | Length = 20 | | Type = 0xC003 | Length = 24 |
+--------------------------------+
| C-ID = 0x01023474 |
+--------------------------------+ +--------------------------------+
| Cause=0x000C | Length = 16 | | Cause=0x000C | Length = 16 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
| Type=0xC001 | Length = 12 | | Type=0xC001 | Length = 12 |
+--------------------------------+ +--------------------------------+
| Type=0x0005 | Length = 8 | | Type=0x0005 | Length = 8 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
| Value=0x0A010101 | | Value=0x0A010101 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
skipping to change at page 11, line 33 skipping to change at page 12, line 27
| Cause Code=0x000D | Cause Length=Variable | | Cause Code=0x000D | Cause Length=Variable |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
\ TLV-Copied-From-ASCONF / \ TLV-Copied-From-ASCONF /
/ \ / \
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
An example of a failed delete in an Error Cause TLV would look as An example of a failed delete in an Error Cause TLV would look as
follows in the response ASCONF-ACK message: follows in the response ASCONF-ACK message:
+--------------------------------+ +--------------------------------+
| Type = 0xC003 | Length = 20 | | Type = 0xC003 | Length = 24 |
+--------------------------------+
| C-ID = 0x01023476 |
+--------------------------------+ +--------------------------------+
| Cause=0x000D | Length = 16 | | Cause=0x000D | Length = 16 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
| Type=0xC002 | Length = 12 | | Type=0xC002 | Length = 12 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
| Type=0x0005 | Length = 8 | | Type=0x0005 | Length = 8 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
| Value=0x0A010101 | | Value=0x0A010101 |
+----------------+---------------+ +----------------+---------------+
IMPLEMENTATION NOTE: It is unlikely that an endpoint would source IMPLEMENTATION NOTE: It is unlikely that an endpoint would source
a packet from the address being deleted, unless the endpoint a packet from the address being deleted, unless the endpoint
does not do proper source address selection. does not do proper source address selection.
3.3.4 Error Cause: Association Aborted due to illegal ASCONF-ACK
This error is to be included in an ABORT that is generated due
to the reception of an ASCONF-ACK that was not expected but
would have been the next correct ASCONF-ACK (see section
4.3 rule D0).
0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Cause Code=0x000E | Cause Length=4 |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
4. Procedures 4. Procedures
This section will lay out the specific procedures for address/stream This section will lay out the specific procedures for address
configuration change chunk type and its processing. configuration change chunk type and its processing.
4.1 ASCONF Chunk Procedures 4.1 ASCONF Chunk Procedures
When an endpoint has an ASCONF signaled change to be sent to the When an endpoint has an ASCONF signaled change to be sent to the
remote endpoint it should do the following: remote endpoint it should do the following:
A1) Create an ASCONF Chunk as defined in section 3.1.1. The chunk A1) Create an ASCONF Chunk as defined in section 3.1.1. The chunk
should contain all of the TLV(s) of information necessary to be should contain all of the TLV(s) of information necessary to be
sent to the remote endpoint, and unique correlation identities for sent to the remote endpoint, and unique correlation identities for
each request. each request.
A2) A serial number should be assigned to the Chunk. The serial A2) A serial number should be assigned to the Chunk. The serial
number should be a monotonically increasing number. All serial number should be a monotonically increasing number. All serial
numbers are defined to be initialized at the start of the numbers are defined to be initialized at the start of the
association to the same value as the Initial TSN. association to the same value as the Initial TSN and are incremented
by one.
A3) If no ASCONF Chunk is outstanding (un-acknowledged) with the A3) If no ASCONF Chunk is outstanding (un-acknowledged) with the
remote peer, AND there is less than cwnd bytes of user data remote peer, send the chunk.
outstanding, send the chunk.
A4) Start a T-4 RTO timer, using the RTO value of the selected A4) Start a T-4 RTO timer, using the RTO value of the selected
destination address (normally the primary path; see [RFC2960] section destination address (normally the primary path; see [RFC2960] section
6.4 for details). 6.4 for details).
A5) When the ASCONF-ACK that acknowledges the serial number last A5) When the ASCONF-ACK that acknowledges the serial number last
sent arrives, stop the T-4 RTO timer, and clear the appropriate sent arrives, stop the T-4 RTO timer, and clear the appropriate
association and destination error counters as defined in [RFC2960] association and destination error counters as defined in [RFC2960]
section 8.1 and 8.2. section 8.1 and 8.2.
skipping to change at page 12, line 43 skipping to change at page 13, line 48
A7) If an error response is received for a TLV parameter, A7) If an error response is received for a TLV parameter,
all TLVs with no response before the failed TLV are considered all TLVs with no response before the failed TLV are considered
successful if not reported. All TLVs after the failed response are successful if not reported. All TLVs after the failed response are
considered unsuccessful unless a specific success indication is considered unsuccessful unless a specific success indication is
present for the parameter. present for the parameter.
A8) If there is no response(s) to specific TLV parameter(s), and no A8) If there is no response(s) to specific TLV parameter(s), and no
failures are indicated, then all request(s) are considered failures are indicated, then all request(s) are considered
successful. successful.
A9) If the peer responds to a ASCONF with an unrecognized chunk type,
the sender of the ASCONF MUST NOT send any further ASCONF chunks and
MUST stop its T-4 timer.
If the T-4 RTO timer expires the endpoint should do the following: If the T-4 RTO timer expires the endpoint should do the following:
B1) Increment the error counters and perform path failure detection B1) Increment the error counters and perform path failure detection
on the appropriate destination address as defined in [RFC2960] on the appropriate destination address as defined in [RFC2960]
section 8.1 and 8.2. section 8.1 and 8.2.
B2) Increment the association error counters and perform endpoint B2) Increment the association error counters and perform endpoint
failure detection on the association as defined in [RFC2960] section failure detection on the association as defined in [RFC2960] section
8.1 and 8.2. 8.1 and 8.2.
B3) Back-off the destination address RTO value to which the ASCONF B3) Back-off the destination address RTO value to which the ASCONF
chunk was sent by doubling the RTO timer value. chunk was sent by doubling the RTO timer value.
Note: The RTO value is used in the setting of all timer types Note: The RTO value is used in the setting of all timer types
for SCTP. Each destination address a single RTO estimate. for SCTP. Each destination address has a single RTO estimate.
B4) Re-transmit the ASCONF Chunk last sent and if possible choose an B4) Re-transmit the ASCONF Chunk last sent and if possible choose an
alternate destination address (please refer to [RFC2960] section alternate destination address (please refer to [RFC2960] section
6.4.1). An endpoint MUST NOT add new parameters to this chunk, it 6.4.1). An endpoint MUST NOT add new parameters to this chunk, it
MUST be the same (including its serial number) as the last ASCONF MUST be the same (including its serial number) as the last ASCONF
sent. sent.
B5) Restart the T-4 RTO timer. Note that if a different destination is B5) Restart the T-4 RTO timer. Note that if a different destination is
selected, then the RTO used will be that of the new destination selected, then the RTO used will be that of the new destination
address. address.
skipping to change at page 13, line 34 skipping to change at page 14, line 42
ASCONF Chunks: ASCONF Chunks:
R1) One and only one ASCONF Chunk MAY be in transit and R1) One and only one ASCONF Chunk MAY be in transit and
unacknowledged at any one time. If a sender, after sending an ASCONF unacknowledged at any one time. If a sender, after sending an ASCONF
chunk, decides it needs to transfer another ASCONF Chunk, it MUST chunk, decides it needs to transfer another ASCONF Chunk, it MUST
wait until the ASCONF-ACK Chunk returns from the previous ASCONF wait until the ASCONF-ACK Chunk returns from the previous ASCONF
Chunk before sending a subsequent ASCONF. Note this restriction Chunk before sending a subsequent ASCONF. Note this restriction
binds each side, so at any time two ASCONF may be in-transit on any binds each side, so at any time two ASCONF may be in-transit on any
given association (one sent from each endpoint). given association (one sent from each endpoint).
R2) A ASCONF MUST NOT be sent if there is no room in the current R2) An ASCONF may be bundled with any other chunk type (except other
cwnd. If there is room in the cwnd of the destination network, the
Chunk may be sent regardless of the value of rwnd.
R3) A ASCONF may be bundled with any other chunk type (except other
ASCONF Chunks). ASCONF Chunks).
R4) A ASCONF-ACK may be bundled with any other chunk type except R3) An ASCONF-ACK may be bundled with any other chunk type except
other ASCONF-ACKs. other ASCONF-ACKs.
R5) Both ASCONF and ASCONF-ACK chunks MUST NOT be sent in any SCTP R4) Both ASCONF and ASCONF-ACK chunks MUST NOT be sent in any SCTP
state except ESTABLISHED. state except ESTABLISHED.
R6) An ASCONF MUST NOT be larger than the path MTU of the destination. R5) An ASCONF MUST NOT be larger than the path MTU of the destination.
R7) An ASCONF-ACK SHOULD not be larger than the path MTU. In some R6) An ASCONF-ACK SHOULD not be larger than the path MTU. In some
circumstances a ASCONF-ACK may exceed the path MTU and in such circumstances an ASCONF-ACK may exceed the path MTU and in such
a case IP fragmentation must be used. a case IP fragmentation must be used.
If the sender of an ASCONF Chunk receives a Operational Error If the sender of an ASCONF Chunk receives an Operational Error
indicating that the ASCONF chunk type is not understood, then the indicating that the ASCONF chunk type is not understood, then the
sender MUST not send subsequent ASCONF Chunks to the peer. The sender MUST not send subsequent ASCONF Chunks to the peer. The
endpoint should also inform the upper layer application that the endpoint should also inform the upper layer application that the
peer endpoint does not support any of the extensions detailed in this peer endpoint does not support any of the extensions detailed in this
document. document.
4.2 Upon reception of an ASCONF Chunk. 4.2 Upon reception of an ASCONF Chunk.
When an endpoint receives an ASCONF Chunk from the remote peer When an endpoint receives an ASCONF Chunk from the remote peer
special procedures MAY be needed to identify the association special procedures MAY be needed to identify the association
skipping to change at page 14, line 52 skipping to change at page 15, line 56
be processed in order within the Chunk. For example, if the sender be processed in order within the Chunk. For example, if the sender
puts 3 TLVs in one chunk, the first TLV (the one closest to the puts 3 TLVs in one chunk, the first TLV (the one closest to the
Chunk Header) in the Chunk MUST be processed first. The next TLV in Chunk Header) in the Chunk MUST be processed first. The next TLV in
the chunk (the middle one) MUST be processed second and finally the the chunk (the middle one) MUST be processed second and finally the
last TLV in the Chunk MUST be processed last. last TLV in the Chunk MUST be processed last.
V2) In processing the chunk, the receiver should build a response V2) In processing the chunk, the receiver should build a response
message with the appropriate error TLVs, as specified in the message with the appropriate error TLVs, as specified in the
Parameter type bits for any ASCONF Parameter it does not understand. Parameter type bits for any ASCONF Parameter it does not understand.
To indicate an unrecognized parameter, cause type 8 as defined To indicate an unrecognized parameter, cause type 8 as defined
in in the INIT-ACK in 3.3.10.8 of [RFC2960] should be used. The in the INIT-ACK in 3.3.10.8 of [RFC2960] should be used. The
endpoint may also use the response to carry rejections for other endpoint may also use the response to carry rejections for other
reasons such as resource shortages etc using the Error Cause TLV and reasons such as resource shortages etc using the Error Cause TLV and
an appropriate error condition. an appropriate error condition.
Note: a positive response is implied if no error is indicated by the Note: a positive response is implied if no error is indicated by the
sender. sender.
V3) All error responses MUST copy the ASCONF-Request Correlation ID V3) All error responses MUST copy the ASCONF-Request Correlation ID
field received in the ASCONF, from the TLV being responded to, into field received in the ASCONF, from the TLV being responded to, into
the ASCONF-Request Correlation ID field. The ASCONF-Request the ASCONF-Request Correlation ID field. The ASCONF-Request
Correlation ID always precedes the request TLV. Note that a Correlation ID always precedes the request TLV. Note that a
TLV sent in a ASCONF-ACK MUST be accompanied by a Correlation ID TLV sent in an ASCONF-ACK MUST be accompanied by a Correlation ID
and a Correlation ID MUST NOT be sent without a TLV i.e. the two and a Correlation ID MUST NOT be sent without a TLV i.e. the two
are atomic. are atomic.
V4) After processing the entire Chunk, it MUST send all TLVs for V4) After processing the entire Chunk, it MUST send all TLVs for
both unrecognized parameters and any other status TLVs inside the both unrecognized parameters and any other status TLVs inside the
ASCONF-ACK chunk that acknowledges the arrival and processing of the ASCONF-ACK chunk that acknowledges the arrival and processing of the
ASCONF Chunk. ASCONF Chunk.
V5) Update the 'Peer-Serial-Number' to the value found in the serial V5) Update the 'Peer-Serial-Number' to the value found in the serial
number field. number field.
skipping to change at page 15, line 41 skipping to change at page 16, line 44
X2) Build a response message with the appropriate response TLVs X2) Build a response message with the appropriate response TLVs
as specified in the ASCONF Parameter type bits, for any as specified in the ASCONF Parameter type bits, for any
parameter it does not understand or could not process. parameter it does not understand or could not process.
X3) After parsing the entire Chunk, it MUST send any response X3) After parsing the entire Chunk, it MUST send any response
TLV errors and status with an ASCONF-ACK chunk acknowledging the TLV errors and status with an ASCONF-ACK chunk acknowledging the
arrival and processing of the ASCONF Chunk. arrival and processing of the ASCONF Chunk.
X4) The endpoint MUST NOT update its 'Peer-Serial-Number'. X4) The endpoint MUST NOT update its 'Peer-Serial-Number'.
Note: the response to the retransmitted ASCONF MUST be the same
as the original response. This MAY mean an implementation must
keep state in order to respond with the same exact answer
(including resource considerations that may have made the
implementation refuse a request).
IMPLEMENTATION NOTE: As an optimization a receiver may wish to save IMPLEMENTATION NOTE: As an optimization a receiver may wish to save
the last ASCONF-ACK for some predetermined period of time and the last ASCONF-ACK for some predetermined period of time and
instead of re-processing the ASCONF (with the same serial number) it instead of re-processing the ASCONF (with the same serial number) it
may just re-transmit the ASCONF-ACK. It may wish to use the arrival may just re-transmit the ASCONF-ACK. It may wish to use the arrival
of a new serial number to discard the previously saved ASCONF-ACK or of a new serial number to discard the previously saved ASCONF-ACK or
any other means it may choose to expire the saved ASCONF-ACK. any other means it may choose to expire the saved ASCONF-ACK.
C4) Otherwise, the ASCONF Chunk is discarded since it must be either C4) Otherwise, the ASCONF Chunk is discarded since it must be either
a stale packet or from an attacker. A receiver of such a packet MAY a stale packet or from an attacker. A receiver of such a packet MAY
log the event for security purposes. log the event for security purposes.
skipping to change at page 16, line 4 skipping to change at page 17, line 12
C4) Otherwise, the ASCONF Chunk is discarded since it must be either C4) Otherwise, the ASCONF Chunk is discarded since it must be either
a stale packet or from an attacker. A receiver of such a packet MAY a stale packet or from an attacker. A receiver of such a packet MAY
log the event for security purposes. log the event for security purposes.
C5) In both cases C2 and C3 the ASCONF-ACK MUST be sent back to the C5) In both cases C2 and C3 the ASCONF-ACK MUST be sent back to the
source address contained in the IP header of the ASCONF being source address contained in the IP header of the ASCONF being
responded to. responded to.
4.3 General rules for address manipulation 4.3 General rules for address manipulation
When building TLV parameters for the ASCONF Chunk that When building TLV parameters for the ASCONF Chunk that
will add or delete IP addresses the following rules should be will add or delete IP addresses the following rules should be
applied: applied:
D0) If an endpoint receives an ASCONF-ACK but no ASCONF chunk D0) If an endpoint receives an ASCONF-ACK but no ASCONF chunk
is outstanding AND the sequence number of the ASCONF-ACK matches is outstanding the endpoint MUST ABORT the association.
what WOULD be the next sequence number sent by the endpoint
the endpoint MUST abort the association.
D1) When adding an IP address to an association, the IP address is D1) When adding an IP address to an association, the IP address is
NOT considered fully added to the association until the ASCONF-ACK NOT considered fully added to the association until the ASCONF-ACK
arrives. This means that until such time as the ASCONF containing arrives. This means that until such time as the ASCONF containing
the add is acknowledged the sender MUST NOT use the new IP address the add is acknowledged the sender MUST NOT use the new IP address
as a source for ANY SCTP packet except on carrying an ASCONF chunk. as a source for ANY SCTP packet except on carrying an ASCONF chunk.
The receiver of the add IP address request may use the The receiver of the add IP address request may use the
address as a destination immediately. address as a destination immediately.
D2) After the ASCONF-ACK of an IP address add arrives, the D2) After the ASCONF-ACK of an IP address add arrives, the
skipping to change at page 16, line 52 skipping to change at page 18, line 6
destined to the IP address being deleted MUST be ignored (see destined to the IP address being deleted MUST be ignored (see
Section 4.3.1 for further details). Section 4.3.1 for further details).
D5) An endpoint MUST NOT delete its last remaining IP address from an D5) An endpoint MUST NOT delete its last remaining IP address from an
association. In other words if an endpoint is NOT multi-homed it association. In other words if an endpoint is NOT multi-homed it
MUST NOT use the delete IP address without an add IP address preceding MUST NOT use the delete IP address without an add IP address preceding
the delete parameter in the ASCONF chunk. Or if an endpoint sends the delete parameter in the ASCONF chunk. Or if an endpoint sends
multiple requests to delete IP addresses it MUST NOT delete all multiple requests to delete IP addresses it MUST NOT delete all
of the IP addresses that the peer has listed for the requester. of the IP addresses that the peer has listed for the requester.
D6) An endpoint MUST NOT set a IP header source address for an SCTP D6) An endpoint MUST NOT set an IP header source address for an SCTP
packet holding the ASCONF Chunk to be the same as an address being packet holding the ASCONF Chunk to be the same as an address being
deleted by the ASCONF Chunk. deleted by the ASCONF Chunk.
D7) If a request is received to delete the last remaining IP address D7) If a request is received to delete the last remaining IP address
of a peer endpoint, the receiver MUST send an Error Cause TLV with of a peer endpoint, the receiver MUST send an Error Cause TLV with
the error cause set to the new error code 'Request to Delete Last the error cause set to the new error code 'Request to Delete Last
Remaining IP Address'. The requested delete MUST NOT be performed or Remaining IP Address'. The requested delete MUST NOT be performed or
acted upon, other than to send the ASCONF-ACK. acted upon, other than to send the ASCONF-ACK.
D8) If a request is received to delete an IP address which is also D8) If a request is received to delete an IP address which is also
skipping to change at page 19, line 45 skipping to change at page 20, line 53
4.4 Setting of the primary address 4.4 Setting of the primary address
A sender of this option may elect to send this combined with A sender of this option may elect to send this combined with
a deletion or addition of an address. A sender SHOULD only send a deletion or addition of an address. A sender SHOULD only send
a set primary request to an address that is already considered a set primary request to an address that is already considered
part of the association. In other words if a sender combines part of the association. In other words if a sender combines
a set primary with an add of a new IP address the set primary a set primary with an add of a new IP address the set primary
will be discarded unless the add request is to be processed will be discarded unless the add request is to be processed
BEFORE the set primary (i.e. it precedes the set primary). BEFORE the set primary (i.e. it precedes the set primary).
A request to set primary MAY also appear in a INIT or INIT-ACK A request to set primary MAY also appear in an INIT or INIT-ACK
chunk. This can give advice to the peer endpoint as to which chunk. This can give advice to the peer endpoint as to which
of its addresses the sender of the INIT or INIT-ACK would prefer of its addresses the sender of the INIT or INIT-ACK would prefer
to be used as the primary address. to be used as the primary address.
The request to set an address as the primary path is an option the The request to set an address as the primary path is an option the
receiver SHOULD perform. It is considered advice to the receiver of receiver SHOULD perform. It is considered advice to the receiver of
the best destination address to use in sending SCTP packets (in the the best destination address to use in sending SCTP packets (in the
requester's view). If a request arrives that asks the receiver to requesters view). If a request arrives that asks the receiver to
set an address as primary that does not exist, the receiver should set an address as primary that does not exist, the receiver should
NOT honor the request, leaving its existing primary address NOT honor the request, leaving its existing primary address
unchanged. unchanged.
5. Security Considerations 5. Abstract description of SCTP addressing
The following text provides a working definitions to discuss
addIP. We need to distinguish a list of IP addresses and a wildcard
address. This corresponds to binding a set of addresses or binding
the wildcard INADDR_ANY in a sockets API. Using this notation we can
thus state the rules for using add-ip.
A host is a set of IP addresses H={IP1, ..., IPN}
An sock-endpoint at a host H is a pair of a set of IP addresses and
a port number:
sE = ({IP1, ..., IPn}, Port) where either {IP1, ..., IPn} is a
subset of H or n=1 and IP1 = Wildcard (we abbreviate wildcard as
'*').
Note: do not confuse sock-endpoint with RFC2960 endpoint definition.
They are logically different. In order to make them equivalent
no wildcards must be used and the subset selected must always
be the whole set i.e.:
If sE = ({IP1, ..., IPn}, Port} is a sock-endpoint and A is an
association for which sE is an sock-endpoint, then
Addr(sE, A) = {IP1, ..., IPn}.
In this special case a sock-endpoint is an endpoint in the sense
of RFC2960.
The set of IP addresses of an sock-endpoint is defined as Addr(sE) =
{IP1, ..., IPn}.
The port number of sE is defined as Port(sE) = Port.
Sock-Endpoint(H,Port) denotes the set of all sock-endpoints with
port 'Port'.
For two different sock-endpoints sE' and sE'' at the same host with
the same port number Addr(sE') <> {Wildcard} <> Addr(sE'') holds and
Addr(sE') and Addr(sE'') are disjoint.
This means that exactly one of the following is true:
Sock-Endpoint(H,Port) is
- empty
- contains one Element sE with Addr(sE)={Wildcard}
- contains more than one Element where Addr(sE) <> {Wildcard} and
all Addr(sE) are disjoin
While establishing an association A between endpoints sE' and sE''
at host H' and H'' two subsets are defined: Addr(sE',A) and
Addr(sE'',A).
Addr(sE',A) is defined:
If Addr(sE') is the {Wildcard} then
Addr(sE',A) is a subset of H'
else
Addr(sE',A) is subset of Addr(sE')
The subset may be defined by scoping of the addresses set for
routeablility.
Addr(sE,A) thus describes the set of IP addresses of E used for A
(Note this definition is the canonical endpoint represented in
[RFC2960]).
This is because Addr(sE',A) is what sE' sends in its INIT/INIT-ACK
to sE'' and Addr(sE'',A) is what sE'' sends in its INIT/INIT-ACK to
sE'. This is consistent with RFC2960. When you perform either add-ip
or delete-ip later on in the life of the association, you are simply
modifying Addr(sE',A) and Addr(sE'',A).
Association establishment between sE' and sE'' can be seen as:
1. sE' and sE'' do exist before the association. The same is thus
true for H' and H''. Therefore Addr(sE') and Addr(sE'') are known.
This corresponds to sockets bound to some addresses or INADDR_ANY.
Note: the binding function can be either specific or wildcarded.
When it is specific we have, Addr(sE') <= H'; where "=" happens when
we specifically bind every addresses of H' to sE'. When it is
wildcarded we have, Addr(sE') == H'; A wildcard is resolved at the
point of time when an association is established.
2. When an association is setup between a pair of endpoints the
following is performed:
A. Introduce a temporary Set S' and S'' where:
If Addr(sE') is the wildcard
S' = H'
else
S' = Addr(sE')
B. Replace S' by a subset of S' by some limitation (address
scoping for example). So S' <= Addr(sE'); In some cases
this may not reduce the set of addresses.
In other words S' is a subset (or full-set) of Addr(sE'),
determined by applying some specific limitation/scoping rules
to Addr(sE') at a specific point in time.
The same is true for S''.
C. S' and S'' are the addresses used by the association. So if sE' is
the client (the one sending the INIT), you generate S' first and
then, send the INIT using the generated address set S'.
3. After the association has been established Addr(sE', A) = S' and
Addr(sE'',A) = S'' for this association.
Thus the correct definition is the following:
An association is a pair of pairs A=((sE', S'), (sE'',S'')). We
define Addr(sE',A)=S' with the restriction that Addr(sE',A) is a
subset of Addr(sE') if Addr(sE') is not the wildcard. If Addr(sE')
is the wildcard then Addr(sE',A) is a subset of H'.
The following are the rules that can then be applied when using
add-ip with these definition:
R1) If Addr(sE) = {Wildcard} then when H gets a new element, it is
automatically added to sE.
R1.1) You MAY add that address to Addr(sE, A) for all associations
where sE belongs to A using an ASCONF.
R2) If Addr(sE) <> {Wildcard} you can explicitly add an Address of H
(possibly a new one) to Addr(sE) if this address is not an Element
of Addr(sE') for all sE <> sE' in Endpoint(H, Port(E)).
R2.1) You MAY add that address to Addr(sE, A) for all associations
where sE belongs to A using an ASCONF.
R3) An address may be deleted from Addr(sE,A) reducing S' to a
smaller sub-set.
R4) An address may be deleted from endpoint E with the following
considerations:
If Addr(sE) = {*} then
any address of Addr(sE,A) can be removed anytime.
else
An address can be removed from sE only after it has
been removed form all associations sE belongs to.
Note that during the removal of an address (before all
associations have removed the address for Addr(sE,A)) an
endpoint sE SHOULD NOT put the address being deleted in
any new S' chosen for new associations.
R5) You can delete an address from H only after it has been removed
from all socket-endpoints at host H.
Note that R5) applies to the logical removal of the address
from a host NOT the physical removal. When an address is
physically removed, it stays logically a part of the host
until it is removed from all socket-endpoints and associations.
During this period the selection for S' MUST be modified NOT
to include the address being removed.
6. Security Considerations
The ADD/DELETE of an IP address to an existing association does The ADD/DELETE of an IP address to an existing association does
provide an additional mechanism by which existing associations can provide an additional mechanism by which existing associations can
be hijacked. Where the attacker is able to intercept and or alter be hijacked. Where the attacker is able to intercept and or alter
the packets sent and received in an association, the use of this the packets sent and received in an association, the use of this
feature MAY increase the ease with which an association may be feature MAY increase the ease with which an association may be
overtaken. This threat SHOULD be considered when deploying a version overtaken. This threat SHOULD be considered when deploying a version
of SCTP that makes use of this feature. The IP Authentication Header of SCTP that makes use of this feature. The IP Authentication Header
[RFC2402] SHOULD be used when the threat environment requires [RFC2402] SHOULD be used when the threat environment requires
stronger integrity protections, but does not require stronger integrity protections, but does not require
confidentiality. It should be noted that in the base SCTP confidentiality. It should be noted that in the base SCTP
specification [RFC2960], if an attacker is able to intercept and or specification [RFC2960], if an attacker is able to intercept and or
alter packets, even without this feature it is possible to hijack an alter packets, even without this feature it is possible to hijack an
existing association; please refer to Section 11 of RFC2960. existing association; please refer to Section 11 of RFC2960.
6. IANA considerations 7. IANA considerations
This document defines the following new SCTP parameters, chunks This document defines the following new SCTP parameters, chunks
and errors: and errors:
- Two new chunk types, - Two new chunk types,
- Six parameter types, and - Six parameter types, and
- Three new SCTP error causes. - Three new SCTP error causes.
7. Acknowledgments 8. Acknowledgments
The authors wish to thank Maria-Carmen Belinchon, Jon Berger, The authors wish to thank Jon Berger, Peter Lei, John Loughney, Ivan
Peter Lei, John Loughney, Ivan Arias Rodriguez, Renee Revis, Arias Rodriguez, Renee Revis, Marshall Rose, and Chip Sharp for
Marshall Rose, and Chip Sharp for their invaluable comments. their invaluable comments.
8. Authors' Addresses 9. Authors' Addresses
Randall R. Stewart Tel: +1-815-477-2127 Randall R. Stewart Tel: +1-815-477-2127
Cisco Systems, Inc. EMail: rrs@cisco.com Cisco Systems, Inc. EMail: rrs@cisco.com
8745 W. Higgins Road, Suite 200 8745 W. Higgins Road, Suite 200
Chicago, Ill 60631 Chicago, Ill 60631
USA USA
Micheal A. Ramalho Tel: +1-732-809-0188 Micheal A. Ramalho Tel: +1-732-809-0188
Cisco Systems, Inc. EMail: mramalho@cisco.com Cisco Systems, Inc. EMail: mramalho@cisco.com
1802 Rue de la Porte 1802 Rue de la Porte
skipping to change at page 21, line 13 skipping to change at page 25, line 22
Hofmannstr. 51 Hofmannstr. 51
81359 Munich 81359 Munich
Germany Germany
Ian Rytina Tel: +61-3-9301-6164 Ian Rytina Tel: +61-3-9301-6164
Ericsson Australia EMail:ian.rytina@ericsson.com Ericsson Australia EMail:ian.rytina@ericsson.com
37/360 Elizabeth Street 37/360 Elizabeth Street
Melbourne, Victoria 3000 Melbourne, Victoria 3000
Australia Australia
Maria-Carmen Belinchon
EMail:emecbv@madrid.es.eu.ericsson.se
Phil Conrad Tel: +1-215-204-7910 Phil Conrad Tel: +1-215-204-7910
Netlab Research Group Email conrad@acm.org Netlab Research Group Email conrad@acm.org
Dept. Of Computer & Dept. Of Computer &
Information Sciences Information Sciences
Temple University Temple University
1805 N Broad St. 1805 N Broad St.
Philadelphia, PA 19122 Philadelphia, PA 19122
USA USA
9. References 10. Normative References
[RFC2960] R. R. Stewart, Q. Xie, K. Morneault, C. Sharp, [RFC2960] R. R. Stewart, Q. Xie, K. Morneault, C. Sharp,
H. J. Schwarzbauer, T. Taylor, I. Rytina, M. Kalla, L. Zhang, H. J. Schwarzbauer, T. Taylor, I. Rytina, M. Kalla, L. Zhang,
and, V. Paxson, "Stream Control Transmission Protocol," RFC and, V. Paxson, "Stream Control Transmission Protocol," RFC
2960, October 2000. 2960, October 2000.
[RFC2026] Bradner, S., "The Internet Standards Process -- Revision [RFC2026] Bradner, S., "The Internet Standards Process -- Revision
3", RFC 2026, October 1996. 3", RFC 2026, October 1996.
[RFC2119] Bradner, S. "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate [RFC2119] Bradner, S. "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
 End of changes. 

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