draft-ietf-quic-http-12.txt   draft-ietf-quic-http-13.txt 
QUIC M. Bishop, Ed. QUIC M. Bishop, Ed.
Internet-Draft Akamai Internet-Draft Akamai
Intended status: Standards Track May 22, 2018 Intended status: Standards Track June 28, 2018
Expires: November 23, 2018 Expires: December 30, 2018
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) over QUIC Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) over QUIC
draft-ietf-quic-http-12 draft-ietf-quic-http-13
Abstract Abstract
The QUIC transport protocol has several features that are desirable The QUIC transport protocol has several features that are desirable
in a transport for HTTP, such as stream multiplexing, per-stream flow in a transport for HTTP, such as stream multiplexing, per-stream flow
control, and low-latency connection establishment. This document control, and low-latency connection establishment. This document
describes a mapping of HTTP semantics over QUIC. This document also describes a mapping of HTTP semantics over QUIC. This document also
identifies HTTP/2 features that are subsumed by QUIC, and describes identifies HTTP/2 features that are subsumed by QUIC, and describes
how HTTP/2 extensions can be ported to QUIC. how HTTP/2 extensions can be ported to QUIC.
skipping to change at page 1, line 45 skipping to change at page 1, line 45
Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute
working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet- working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-
Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/. Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.
Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."
This Internet-Draft will expire on November 23, 2018. This Internet-Draft will expire on December 30, 2018.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (c) 2018 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2018 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
Provisions Relating to IETF Documents Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
(https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
publication of this document. Please review these documents publication of this document. Please review these documents
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to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must
include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
described in the Simplified BSD License. described in the Simplified BSD License.
Table of Contents Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.1. Notational Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.1. Notational Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2. Connection Setup and Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2. Connection Setup and Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.1. Discovering an HTTP/QUIC Endpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.1. Draft Version Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.1.1. QUIC Version Hints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2. Discovering an HTTP/QUIC Endpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.2. Connection Establishment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2.1. QUIC Version Hints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.2.1. Draft Version Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.3. Connection Establishment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.3. Connection Reuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.4. Connection Reuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
3. Stream Mapping and Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3. Stream Mapping and Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3.1. Control Streams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.1. HTTP Message Exchanges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3.2. HTTP Message Exchanges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.1.1. Header Compression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.2.1. Header Compression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.1.2. The CONNECT Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.2.2. The CONNECT Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.1.3. Request Cancellation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
3.2.3. Request Cancellation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.2. Request Prioritization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
3.3. Request Prioritization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3.2.1. Placeholders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
3.4. Server Push . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3.2.2. Priority Tree Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
4. HTTP Framing Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.3. Unidirectional Streams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4.1. Frame Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 3.3.1. Control Streams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
4.2. Frame Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 3.3.2. Server Push . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
4.2.1. DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 4. HTTP Framing Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
4.2.2. HEADERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 4.1. Frame Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4.2.3. PRIORITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 4.2. Frame Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4.2.4. CANCEL_PUSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4.2.1. Reserved Frame Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4.2.5. SETTINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4.2.2. DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4.2.6. PUSH_PROMISE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 4.2.3. HEADERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
4.2.7. GOAWAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 4.2.4. PRIORITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
4.2.8. MAX_PUSH_ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 4.2.5. CANCEL_PUSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
5. Connection Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 4.2.6. SETTINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
6. Error Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 4.2.7. PUSH_PROMISE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
6.1. HTTP/QUIC Error Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 4.2.8. GOAWAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
7. Considerations for Transitioning from HTTP/2 . . . . . . . . 25 4.2.9. MAX_PUSH_ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
7.1. Streams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
7.2. HTTP Frame Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 5. Connection Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
7.3. HTTP/2 SETTINGS Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 6. Error Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
7.4. HTTP/2 Error Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 6.1. HTTP/QUIC Error Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
8. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 7. Considerations for Transitioning from HTTP/2 . . . . . . . . 28
9. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 7.1. Streams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
9.1. Registration of HTTP/QUIC Identification String . . . . . 29 7.2. HTTP Frame Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
9.2. Registration of QUIC Version Hint Alt-Svc Parameter . . . 30 7.3. HTTP/2 SETTINGS Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
9.3. Frame Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 7.4. HTTP/2 Error Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
9.4. Settings Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 8. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
9.5. Error Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 9. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
10. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 9.1. Registration of HTTP/QUIC Identification String . . . . . 32
10.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 9.2. Registration of QUIC Version Hint Alt-Svc Parameter . . . 33
10.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 9.3. Frame Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
10.3. URIs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 9.4. Settings Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Appendix A. Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 9.5. Error Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Appendix B. Change Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 9.6. Stream Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
B.1. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 10. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
B.2. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 10.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
B.3. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-09 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 10.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
B.4. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-08 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 10.3. URIs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
B.5. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-07 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Appendix A. Change Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
B.6. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-06 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 A.1. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
B.7. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 A.2. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
B.8. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-04 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 A.3. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
B.9. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-03 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 A.4. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-09 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
B.10. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 A.5. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-08 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
B.11. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 A.6. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-07 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
B.12. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-00 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 A.7. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-06 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
B.13. Since draft-shade-quic-http2-mapping-00 . . . . . . . . . 38 A.8. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Author's Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 A.9. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-04 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
A.10. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-03 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
A.11. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
A.12. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
A.13. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-00 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
A.14. Since draft-shade-quic-http2-mapping-00 . . . . . . . . . 43
Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Author's Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
The QUIC transport protocol has several features that are desirable The QUIC transport protocol has several features that are desirable
in a transport for HTTP, such as stream multiplexing, per-stream flow in a transport for HTTP, such as stream multiplexing, per-stream flow
control, and low-latency connection establishment. This document control, and low-latency connection establishment. This document
describes a mapping of HTTP semantics over QUIC, drawing heavily on describes a mapping of HTTP semantics over QUIC, drawing heavily on
the existing TCP mapping, HTTP/2. Specifically, this document the existing TCP mapping, HTTP/2. Specifically, this document
identifies HTTP/2 features that are subsumed by QUIC, and describes identifies HTTP/2 features that are subsumed by QUIC, and describes
how the other features can be implemented atop QUIC. how the other features can be implemented atop QUIC.
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[QUIC-TRANSPORT]. [QUIC-TRANSPORT].
Protocol elements called "frames" exist in both this document and Protocol elements called "frames" exist in both this document and
[QUIC-TRANSPORT]. Where frames from [QUIC-TRANSPORT] are referenced, [QUIC-TRANSPORT]. Where frames from [QUIC-TRANSPORT] are referenced,
the frame name will be prefaced with "QUIC." For example, "QUIC the frame name will be prefaced with "QUIC." For example, "QUIC
APPLICATION_CLOSE frames." References without this preface refer to APPLICATION_CLOSE frames." References without this preface refer to
frames defined in Section 4.2. frames defined in Section 4.2.
2. Connection Setup and Management 2. Connection Setup and Management
2.1. Discovering an HTTP/QUIC Endpoint 2.1. Draft Version Identification
*RFC Editor's Note:* Please remove this section prior to
publication of a final version of this document.
HTTP/QUIC uses the token "hq" to identify itself in ALPN and Alt-Svc.
Only implementations of the final, published RFC can identify
themselves as "hq". Until such an RFC exists, implementations MUST
NOT identify themselves using this string.
Implementations of draft versions of the protocol MUST add the string
"-" and the corresponding draft number to the identifier. For
example, draft-ietf-quic-http-01 is identified using the string "hq-
01".
Non-compatible experiments that are based on these draft versions
MUST append the string "-" and an experiment name to the identifier.
For example, an experimental implementation based on draft-ietf-quic-
http-09 which reserves an extra stream for unsolicited transmission
of 1980s pop music might identify itself as "hq-09-rickroll". Note
that any label MUST conform to the "token" syntax defined in
Section 3.2.6 of [RFC7230]. Experimenters are encouraged to
coordinate their experiments on the quic@ietf.org mailing list.
2.2. Discovering an HTTP/QUIC Endpoint
An HTTP origin advertises the availability of an equivalent HTTP/QUIC An HTTP origin advertises the availability of an equivalent HTTP/QUIC
endpoint via the Alt-Svc HTTP response header or the HTTP/2 ALTSVC endpoint via the Alt-Svc HTTP response header or the HTTP/2 ALTSVC
frame ([RFC7838]), using the ALPN token defined in Section 2.2. frame ([RFC7838]), using the ALPN token defined in Section 2.3.
For example, an origin could indicate in an HTTP/1.1 or HTTP/2 For example, an origin could indicate in an HTTP/1.1 or HTTP/2
response that HTTP/QUIC was available on UDP port 50781 at the same response that HTTP/QUIC was available on UDP port 50781 at the same
hostname by including the following header in any response: hostname by including the following header in any response:
Alt-Svc: hq=":50781" Alt-Svc: hq=":50781"
On receipt of an Alt-Svc record indicating HTTP/QUIC support, a On receipt of an Alt-Svc record indicating HTTP/QUIC support, a
client MAY attempt to establish a QUIC connection to the indicated client MAY attempt to establish a QUIC connection to the indicated
host and port and, if successful, send HTTP requests using the host and port and, if successful, send HTTP requests using the
mapping described in this document. mapping described in this document.
Connectivity problems (e.g. firewall blocking UDP) can result in QUIC Connectivity problems (e.g. firewall blocking UDP) can result in QUIC
connection establishment failure, in which case the client SHOULD connection establishment failure, in which case the client SHOULD
continue using the existing connection or try another alternative continue using the existing connection or try another alternative
endpoint offered by the origin. endpoint offered by the origin.
Servers MAY serve HTTP/QUIC on any UDP port, since an alternative Servers MAY serve HTTP/QUIC on any UDP port, since an alternative
always includes an explicit port. always includes an explicit port.
2.1.1. QUIC Version Hints 2.2.1. QUIC Version Hints
This document defines the "quic" parameter for Alt-Svc, which MAY be This document defines the "quic" parameter for Alt-Svc, which MAY be
used to provide version-negotiation hints to HTTP/QUIC clients. QUIC used to provide version-negotiation hints to HTTP/QUIC clients. QUIC
versions are four-octet sequences with no additional constraints on versions are four-octet sequences with no additional constraints on
format. Leading zeros SHOULD be omitted for brevity. format. Leading zeros SHOULD be omitted for brevity.
Syntax: Syntax:
quic = DQUOTE version-number [ "," version-number ] * DQUOTE quic = DQUOTE version-number [ "," version-number ] * DQUOTE
version-number = 1*8HEXDIG; hex-encoded QUIC version version-number = 1*8HEXDIG; hex-encoded QUIC version
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reserved versions (from Section 4 of [QUIC-TRANSPORT]) 0x0 and reserved versions (from Section 4 of [QUIC-TRANSPORT]) 0x0 and
0x1abadaba, it could specify the following header: 0x1abadaba, it could specify the following header:
Alt-Svc: hq=":49288";quic="1,1abadaba,51303334,0" Alt-Svc: hq=":49288";quic="1,1abadaba,51303334,0"
A client acting on this header would drop the reserved versions A client acting on this header would drop the reserved versions
(because it does not support them), then attempt to connect to the (because it does not support them), then attempt to connect to the
alternative using the first version in the list which it does alternative using the first version in the list which it does
support. support.
2.2. Connection Establishment 2.3. Connection Establishment
HTTP/QUIC relies on QUIC as the underlying transport. The QUIC HTTP/QUIC relies on QUIC as the underlying transport. The QUIC
version being used MUST use TLS version 1.3 or greater as its version being used MUST use TLS version 1.3 or greater as its
handshake protocol. The Server Name Indication (SNI) extension handshake protocol. HTTP/QUIC clients MUST indicate the target
[RFC6066] MUST be included in the TLS handshake. domain name during the TLS handshake. This may be done using the
Server Name Indication (SNI) [RFC6066] extension to TLS or using some
other mechanism.
QUIC connections are established as described in [QUIC-TRANSPORT]. QUIC connections are established as described in [QUIC-TRANSPORT].
During connection establishment, HTTP/QUIC support is indicated by During connection establishment, HTTP/QUIC support is indicated by
selecting the ALPN token "hq" in the TLS handshake. Support for selecting the ALPN token "hq" in the TLS handshake. Support for
other application-layer protocols MAY be offered in the same other application-layer protocols MAY be offered in the same
handshake. handshake.
While connection-level options pertaining to the core QUIC protocol While connection-level options pertaining to the core QUIC protocol
are set in the initial crypto handshake, HTTP-specific settings are are set in the initial crypto handshake, HTTP/QUIC-specific settings
conveyed in the SETTINGS frame. After the QUIC connection is are conveyed in the SETTINGS frame. After the QUIC connection is
established, a SETTINGS frame (Section 4.2.5) MUST be sent by each established, a SETTINGS frame (Section 4.2.6) MUST be sent by each
endpoint as the initial frame of their respective HTTP control stream endpoint as the initial frame of their respective HTTP control stream
(Stream ID 2 or 3, see Section 3). The server MUST NOT send data on (see Section 3.3.1). The server MUST NOT send data on any other
any other stream until the client's SETTINGS frame has been received. stream until the client's SETTINGS frame has been received.
2.2.1. Draft Version Identification
*RFC Editor's Note:* Please remove this section prior to
publication of a final version of this document.
Only implementations of the final, published RFC can identify
themselves as "hq". Until such an RFC exists, implementations MUST
NOT identify themselves using this string.
Implementations of draft versions of the protocol MUST add the string
"-" and the corresponding draft number to the identifier. For
example, draft-ietf-quic-http-01 is identified using the string "hq-
01".
Non-compatible experiments that are based on these draft versions
MUST append the string "-" and an experiment name to the identifier.
For example, an experimental implementation based on draft-ietf-quic-
http-09 which reserves an extra stream for unsolicited transmission
of 1980s pop music might identify itself as "hq-09-rickroll". Note
that any label MUST conform to the "token" syntax defined in
Section 3.2.6 of [RFC7230]. Experimenters are encouraged to
coordinate their experiments on the quic@ietf.org mailing list.
2.3. Connection Reuse 2.4. Connection Reuse
Once a connection exists to a server endpoint, this connection MAY be Once a connection exists to a server endpoint, this connection MAY be
reused for requests with multiple different URI authority components. reused for requests with multiple different URI authority components.
The client MAY send any requests for which the client considers the The client MAY send any requests for which the client considers the
server authoritative. server authoritative.
An authoritative HTTP/QUIC endpoint is typically discovered because An authoritative HTTP/QUIC endpoint is typically discovered because
the client has received an Alt-Svc record from the request's origin the client has received an Alt-Svc record from the request's origin
which nominates the endpoint as a valid HTTP Alternative Service for which nominates the endpoint as a valid HTTP Alternative Service for
that origin. As required by [RFC7838], clients MUST check that the that origin. As required by [RFC7838], clients MUST check that the
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3. Stream Mapping and Usage 3. Stream Mapping and Usage
A QUIC stream provides reliable in-order delivery of bytes, but makes A QUIC stream provides reliable in-order delivery of bytes, but makes
no guarantees about order of delivery with regard to bytes on other no guarantees about order of delivery with regard to bytes on other
streams. On the wire, data is framed into QUIC STREAM frames, but streams. On the wire, data is framed into QUIC STREAM frames, but
this framing is invisible to the HTTP framing layer. A QUIC receiver this framing is invisible to the HTTP framing layer. A QUIC receiver
buffers and orders received STREAM frames, exposing the data buffers and orders received STREAM frames, exposing the data
contained within as a reliable byte stream to the application. contained within as a reliable byte stream to the application.
QUIC reserves the first client-initiated, bidirectional stream
(Stream 0) for cryptographic operations. HTTP over QUIC reserves the
first unidirectional stream sent by either peer (Streams 2 and 3) for
sending and receiving HTTP control frames. This pair of
unidirectional streams is analogous to HTTP/2's Stream 0. HTTP over
QUIC also reserves the second and third unidirectional streams for
each peer's QPACK encoder and decoder. The client's QPACK encoder
uses stream 6 and decoder uses stream 10. The server's encoder and
decoder use streams 7 and 11, respectively. The data sent on these
streams is critical to the HTTP connection. If any control stream is
closed for any reason, this MUST be treated as a connection error of
type QUIC_CLOSED_CRITICAL_STREAM.
When HTTP headers and data are sent over QUIC, the QUIC layer handles When HTTP headers and data are sent over QUIC, the QUIC layer handles
most of the stream management. most of the stream management.
An HTTP request/response consumes a single client-initiated, All client-initiated bidirectional streams are used for HTTP requests
bidirectional stream. A bidirectional stream ensures that the and responses. A bidirectional stream ensures that the response can
response can be readily correlated with the request. This means that be readily correlated with the request. This means that the client's
the client's first request occurs on QUIC stream 4, with subsequent first request occurs on QUIC stream 0, with subsequent requests on
requests on stream 8, 12, and so on. stream 4, 8, and so on. HTTP/QUIC does not use server-initiated
bidirectional streams. The use of unidirectional streams is
Server push uses server-initiated, unidirectional streams. Thus, the discussed in Section 3.3.
server's first push consumes stream 7 and subsequent pushes use
stream 11, 15, and so on.
These streams carry frames related to the request/response (see These streams carry frames related to the request/response (see
Section 4.2). When a stream terminates cleanly, if the last frame on Section 4.2). When a stream terminates cleanly, if the last frame on
the stream was truncated, this MUST be treated as a connection error the stream was truncated, this MUST be treated as a connection error
(see HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME in Section 6.1). Streams which terminate (see HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME in Section 6.1). Streams which terminate
abruptly may be reset at any point in the frame. abruptly may be reset at any point in the frame.
Streams SHOULD be used sequentially, with no gaps.
HTTP does not need to do any separate multiplexing when using QUIC - HTTP does not need to do any separate multiplexing when using QUIC -
data sent over a QUIC stream always maps to a particular HTTP data sent over a QUIC stream always maps to a particular HTTP
transaction. Requests and responses are considered complete when the transaction. Requests and responses are considered complete when the
corresponding QUIC stream is closed in the appropriate direction. corresponding QUIC stream is closed in the appropriate direction.
3.1. Control Streams 3.1. HTTP Message Exchanges
Since most connection-level concerns will be managed by QUIC, the
primary use of Streams 2 and 3 will be for the SETTINGS frame when
the connection opens and for PRIORITY frames subsequently.
A pair of unidirectional streams is used rather than a single
bidirectional stream. This allows either peer to send data as soon
they are able. Depending on whether 0-RTT is enabled on the
connection, either client or server might be able to send stream data
first after the cryptographic handshake completes.
3.2. HTTP Message Exchanges
A client sends an HTTP request on a client-initiated, bidirectional A client sends an HTTP request on a client-initiated bidirectional
QUIC stream. A server sends an HTTP response on the same stream as QUIC stream. A server sends an HTTP response on the same stream as
the request. the request.
An HTTP message (request or response) consists of: An HTTP message (request or response) consists of:
1. one header block (see Section 4.2.2) containing the message 1. one header block (see Section 4.2.3) containing the message
headers (see [RFC7230], Section 3.2), headers (see [RFC7230], Section 3.2),
2. the payload body (see [RFC7230], Section 3.3), sent as a series 2. the payload body (see [RFC7230], Section 3.3), sent as a series
of DATA frames (see Section 4.2.1), of DATA frames (see Section 4.2.2),
3. optionally, one header block containing the trailer-part, if 3. optionally, one header block containing the trailer-part, if
present (see [RFC7230], Section 4.1.2). present (see [RFC7230], Section 4.1.2).
In addition, prior to sending the message header block indicated In addition, prior to sending the message header block indicated
above, a response may contain zero or more header blocks containing above, a response may contain zero or more header blocks containing
the message headers of informational (1xx) HTTP responses (see the message headers of informational (1xx) HTTP responses (see
[RFC7230], Section 3.2 and [RFC7231], Section 6.2). [RFC7230], Section 3.2 and [RFC7231], Section 6.2).
PUSH_PROMISE frames MAY be interleaved with the frames of a response PUSH_PROMISE frames (see Section 4.2.7) MAY be interleaved with the
message indicating a pushed resource related to the response. These frames of a response message indicating a pushed resource related to
PUSH_PROMISE frames are not part of the response, but carry the the response. These PUSH_PROMISE frames are not part of the
headers of a separate HTTP request message. See Section 3.4 for more response, but carry the headers of a separate HTTP request message.
details. See Section 3.3.2 for more details.
The "chunked" transfer encoding defined in Section 4.1 of [RFC7230] The "chunked" transfer encoding defined in Section 4.1 of [RFC7230]
MUST NOT be used. MUST NOT be used.
Trailing header fields are carried in an additional header block Trailing header fields are carried in an additional header block
following the body. Such a header block is a sequence of HEADERS following the body. Senders MUST send only one header block in the
frames with End Header Block set on the last frame. Senders MUST trailers section; receivers MUST discard any subsequent header
send only one header block in the trailers section; receivers MUST blocks.
discard any subsequent header blocks.
An HTTP request/response exchange fully consumes a QUIC stream. An HTTP request/response exchange fully consumes a QUIC stream.
After sending a request, a client closes the stream for sending; After sending a request, a client closes the stream for sending;
after sending a response, the server closes the stream for sending after sending a response, the server closes the stream for sending
and the QUIC stream is fully closed. and the QUIC stream is fully closed.
A server can send a complete response prior to the client sending an A server can send a complete response prior to the client sending an
entire request if the response does not depend on any portion of the entire request if the response does not depend on any portion of the
request that has not been sent and received. When this is true, a request that has not been sent and received. When this is true, a
server MAY request that the client abort transmission of a request server MAY request that the client abort transmission of a request
without error by triggering a QUIC STOP_SENDING with error code without error by triggering a QUIC STOP_SENDING with error code
HTTP_EARLY_RESPONSE, sending a complete response, and cleanly closing HTTP_EARLY_RESPONSE, sending a complete response, and cleanly closing
its streams. Clients MUST NOT discard complete responses as a result its streams. Clients MUST NOT discard complete responses as a result
of having their request terminated abruptly, though clients can of having their request terminated abruptly, though clients can
always discard responses at their discretion for other reasons. always discard responses at their discretion for other reasons.
Servers MUST NOT abort a response in progress as a result of Servers MUST NOT abort a response in progress as a result of
receiving a solicited RST_STREAM. receiving a solicited RST_STREAM.
3.2.1. Header Compression 3.1.1. Header Compression
HTTP/QUIC uses QPACK header compression as described in [QPACK], a HTTP/QUIC uses QPACK header compression as described in [QPACK], a
variation of HPACK which allows the flexibility to avoid header- variation of HPACK which allows the flexibility to avoid header-
compression-induced head-of-line blocking. See that document for compression-induced head-of-line blocking. See that document for
additional details. additional details.
3.2.2. The CONNECT Method 3.1.2. The CONNECT Method
The pseudo-method CONNECT ([RFC7231], Section 4.3.6) is primarily The pseudo-method CONNECT ([RFC7231], Section 4.3.6) is primarily
used with HTTP proxies to establish a TLS session with an origin used with HTTP proxies to establish a TLS session with an origin
server for the purposes of interacting with "https" resources. In server for the purposes of interacting with "https" resources. In
HTTP/1.x, CONNECT is used to convert an entire HTTP connection into a HTTP/1.x, CONNECT is used to convert an entire HTTP connection into a
tunnel to a remote host. In HTTP/2, the CONNECT method is used to tunnel to a remote host. In HTTP/2, the CONNECT method is used to
establish a tunnel over a single HTTP/2 stream to a remote host for establish a tunnel over a single HTTP/2 stream to a remote host for
similar purposes. similar purposes.
A CONNECT request in HTTP/QUIC functions in the same manner as in A CONNECT request in HTTP/QUIC functions in the same manner as in
skipping to change at page 10, line 32 skipping to change at page 10, line 9
so clients SHOULD NOT cause send a STREAM frame with a FIN bit for so clients SHOULD NOT cause send a STREAM frame with a FIN bit for
connections on which they are still expecting data. connections on which they are still expecting data.
A TCP connection error is signaled with RST_STREAM. A proxy treats A TCP connection error is signaled with RST_STREAM. A proxy treats
any error in the TCP connection, which includes receiving a TCP any error in the TCP connection, which includes receiving a TCP
segment with the RST bit set, as a stream error of type segment with the RST bit set, as a stream error of type
HTTP_CONNECT_ERROR (Section 6.1). Correspondingly, a proxy MUST send HTTP_CONNECT_ERROR (Section 6.1). Correspondingly, a proxy MUST send
a TCP segment with the RST bit set if it detects an error with the a TCP segment with the RST bit set if it detects an error with the
stream or the QUIC connection. stream or the QUIC connection.
3.2.3. Request Cancellation 3.1.3. Request Cancellation
Either client or server can cancel requests by closing the stream Either client or server can cancel requests by closing the stream
(QUIC RST_STREAM or STOP_SENDING frames, as appropriate) with an (QUIC RST_STREAM or STOP_SENDING frames, as appropriate) with an
error type of HTTP_REQUEST_CANCELLED (Section 6.1). When the client error type of HTTP_REQUEST_CANCELLED (Section 6.1). When the client
cancels a request or response, it indicates that the response is no cancels a request or response, it indicates that the response is no
longer of interest. longer of interest.
When the server cancels either direction of the request stream using When the server cancels either direction of the request stream using
HTTP_REQUEST_CANCELLED, it indicates that no application processing HTTP_REQUEST_CANCELLED, it indicates that no application processing
was performed. The client can treat requests cancelled by the server was performed. The client can treat requests cancelled by the server
skipping to change at page 11, line 12 skipping to change at page 10, line 36
stream was passed to some higher layer of software that might have stream was passed to some higher layer of software that might have
taken some action as a result. taken some action as a result.
If a stream is cancelled after receiving a complete response, the If a stream is cancelled after receiving a complete response, the
client MAY ignore the cancellation and use the response. However, if client MAY ignore the cancellation and use the response. However, if
a stream is cancelled after receiving a partial response, the a stream is cancelled after receiving a partial response, the
response SHOULD NOT be used. Automatically retrying such requests is response SHOULD NOT be used. Automatically retrying such requests is
not possible, unless this is otherwise permitted (e.g., idempotent not possible, unless this is otherwise permitted (e.g., idempotent
actions like GET, PUT, or DELETE). actions like GET, PUT, or DELETE).
3.3. Request Prioritization 3.2. Request Prioritization
HTTP/QUIC uses the priority scheme described in [RFC7540], HTTP/QUIC uses a priority scheme similar to that described in
Section 5.3. In this priority scheme, a given request can be [RFC7540], Section 5.3. In this priority scheme, a given stream can
designated as dependent upon another request, which expresses the be designated as dependent upon another request, which expresses the
preference that the latter stream (the "parent" request) be allocated preference that the latter stream (the "parent" request) be allocated
resources before the former stream (the "dependent" request). Taken resources before the former stream (the "dependent" request). Taken
together, the dependencies across all requests in a connection form a together, the dependencies across all requests in a connection form a
dependency tree. The structure of the dependency tree changes as dependency tree. The structure of the dependency tree changes as
PRIORITY frames add, remove, or change the dependency links between PRIORITY frames add, remove, or change the dependency links between
requests. requests.
The PRIORITY frame Section 4.2.3 identifies a request either by The PRIORITY frame Section 4.2.4 identifies a prioritized element.
identifying the stream that carries a request or by using a Push ID The elements which can be prioritized are:
(Section 4.2.6).
o Requests, identified by the ID of the request stream
o Pushes, identified by the Push ID of the promised resource
(Section 4.2.7)
o Placeholders, identified by a Placeholder ID
An element can depend on another element or on the root of the tree.
A reference to an element which is no longer in the tree is treated
as a reference to the root of the tree.
Only a client can send PRIORITY frames. A server MUST NOT send a Only a client can send PRIORITY frames. A server MUST NOT send a
PRIORITY frame. PRIORITY frame.
3.4. Server Push 3.2.1. Placeholders
HTTP/QUIC supports server push in a similar manner to [RFC7540], but In HTTP/2, certain implementations used closed or unused streams as
uses different mechanisms. During connection establishment, the placeholders in describing the relative priority of requests.
However, this created confusion as servers could not reliably
identify which elements of the priority tree could safely be
discarded. Clients could potentially reference closed streams long
after the server had discarded state, leading to disparate views of
the prioritization the client had attempted to express.
In HTTP/QUIC, a number of placeholders are explicitly permitted by
the server using the "SETTINGS_NUM_PLACEHOLDERS" setting. Because
the server commits to maintain these IDs in the tree, clients can use
them with confidence that the server will not have discarded the
state.
Placeholders are identified by an ID between zero and one less than
the number of placeholders the server has permitted.
3.2.2. Priority Tree Maintenance
Servers can aggressively prune inactive regions from the priority
tree, because placeholders will be used to "root" any persistent
structure of the tree which the client cares about retaining. For
prioritization purposes, a node in the tree is considered "inactive"
when the corresponding stream has been closed for at least two round-
trip times (using any reasonable estimate available on the server).
This delay helps mitigate race conditions where the server has pruned
a node the client believed was still active and used as a Stream
Dependency.
Specifically, the server MAY at any time:
o Identify and discard branches of the tree containing only inactive
nodes (i.e. a node with only other inactive nodes as descendants,
along with those descendants)
o Identify and condense interior regions of the tree containing only
inactive nodes, allocating weight appropriately
x x x
| | |
P P P
/ \ | |
I I ==> I ==> A
/ \ | |
A I A A
| |
A A
Figure 1: Example of Priority Tree Pruning
In the example in Figure 1, "P" represents a Placeholder, "A"
represents an active node, and "I" represents an inactive node. In
the first step, the server discards two inactive branches (each a
single node). In the second step, the server condenses an interior
inactive node. Note that these transformations will result in no
change in the resources allocated to a particular active stream.
Clients SHOULD assume the server is actively performing such pruning
and SHOULD NOT declare a dependency on a stream it knows to have been
closed.
3.3. Unidirectional Streams
Unidirectional streams, in either direction, are used for a range of
purposes. The purpose is indicated by a stream type, which is sent
as a single octet header at the start of the stream. The format and
structure of data that follows this header is determined by the
stream type.
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|Stream Type (8)|
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 2: Unidirectional Stream Header
Two stream types are defined in this document: control streams
(Section 3.3.1) and push streams (Section 3.3.2). Other stream types
can be defined by extensions to HTTP/QUIC.
If the stream header indicates a stream type which is not supported
by the recipient, this SHOULD be treated as a stream error of type
HTTP_UNKNOWN_STREAM_TYPE. The semantics of the remainder of the
stream are unknown. Implementations SHOULD NOT send stream types the
peer is not already known to support, since a stream error can be
promoted to a connection error at the peer's discretion (see
Section 6).
3.3.1. Control Streams
The control stream is indicated by a stream type of "0x43" (ASCII
'C'). Data on this stream consists of HTTP frames, as defined in
Section 4.2.
Each side MUST initiate a single control stream at the beginning of
the connection and send its SETTINGS frame as the first frame on this
stream. Only one control stream per peer is permitted; receipt of a
second stream which claims to be a control stream MUST be treated as
a connection error of type HTTP_WRONG_STREAM_COUNT. If the control
stream is closed at any point, this MUST be treated as a connection
error of type HTTP_CLOSED_CRITICAL_STREAM.
A pair of unidirectional streams is used rather than a single
bidirectional stream. This allows either peer to send data as soon
they are able. Depending on whether 0-RTT is enabled on the
connection, either client or server might be able to send stream data
first after the cryptographic handshake completes.
3.3.2. Server Push
HTTP/QUIC server push is similar to what is described in [RFC7540],
but uses different mechanisms. During connection establishment, the
client enables server push by sending a MAX_PUSH_ID frame (see client enables server push by sending a MAX_PUSH_ID frame (see
Section 4.2.8). A server cannot use server push until it receives a Section 4.2.9). A server cannot use server push until it receives a
MAX_PUSH_ID frame. MAX_PUSH_ID frame. Only servers can push; if a server receives a
client-initiated push stream, this MUST be treated as a stream error
of type HTTP_WRONG_STREAM_DIRECTION.
As with server push for HTTP/2, the server initiates a server push by A push stream is indicated by a stream type of "0x50" (ASCII 'P'),
sending a PUSH_PROMISE frame (see Section 4.2.6) that includes followed by the Push ID of the promise that it fulfills, encoded as a
request headers for the promised request. Promised requests MUST variable-length integer.
conform to the requirements in Section 8.2 of [RFC7540].
The PUSH_PROMISE frame is sent on the client-initiated, bidirectional 0 1 2 3
stream that carried the request that generated the push. This allows 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
the server push to be associated with a request. Ordering of a +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
PUSH_PROMISE in relation to certain parts of the response is |Stream Type (8)| Push ID (i) ...
important (see Section 8.2.1 of [RFC7540]). +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 3: Push Stream Header
Unlike HTTP/2, the PUSH_PROMISE does not reference a stream; it Unlike HTTP/2, the PUSH_PROMISE does not reference a stream; it
contains a Push ID. The Push ID uniquely identifies a server push. contains a Push ID. The Push ID uniquely identifies a server push.
This allows a server to fulfill promises in the order that best suits This allows a server to fulfill promises in the order that best suits
its needs. its needs. When a server later fulfills a promise, the server push
response is conveyed on a push stream.
When a server later fulfills a promise, the server push response is
conveyed on a push stream. A push stream is a server-initiated,
unidirectional stream. A push stream identifies the Push ID of the
promise that it fulfills, encoded as a variable-length integer.
A server SHOULD use Push IDs sequentially, starting at 0. A client A server SHOULD use Push IDs sequentially, starting at 0. A client
uses the MAX_PUSH_ID frame (Section 4.2.8) to limit the number of uses the MAX_PUSH_ID frame (Section 4.2.9) to limit the number of
pushes that a server can promise. A client MUST treat receipt of a pushes that a server can promise. A client MUST treat receipt of a
push stream with a Push ID that is greater than the maximum Push ID push stream with a Push ID that is greater than the maximum Push ID
as a connection error of type HTTP_PUSH_LIMIT_EXCEEDED. as a connection error of type HTTP_PUSH_LIMIT_EXCEEDED.
The remaining data on this stream consists of HTTP frames, as defined
in Section 4.2, and carries the response side of an HTTP message
exchange as described in Section 3.1. The request headers of the
exchange are carried by a PUSH_PROMISE frame (see Section 4.2.7) on
the request stream which generated the push. Promised requests MUST
conform to the requirements in Section 8.2 of [RFC7540].
The PUSH_PROMISE frame is sent on the client-initiated bidirectional
stream that carried the request that generated the push. This allows
the server push to be associated with a request. Ordering of a
PUSH_PROMISE in relation to certain parts of the response is
important (see Section 8.2.1 of [RFC7540]).
If a promised server push is not needed by the client, the client If a promised server push is not needed by the client, the client
SHOULD send a CANCEL_PUSH frame; if the push stream is already open, SHOULD send a CANCEL_PUSH frame; if the push stream is already open,
a QUIC STOP_SENDING frame with an appropriate error code can be used a QUIC STOP_SENDING frame with an appropriate error code can be used
instead (e.g., HTTP_PUSH_REFUSED, HTTP_PUSH_ALREADY_IN_CACHE; see instead (e.g., HTTP_PUSH_REFUSED, HTTP_PUSH_ALREADY_IN_CACHE; see
Section 6). This asks the server not to transfer the data and Section 6). This asks the server not to transfer the data and
indicates that it will be discarded upon receipt. indicates that it will be discarded upon receipt.
0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Push ID (i) ...
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 1: Push Stream Header
Push streams always begin with a header containing the Push ID. Each Push streams always begin with a header containing the Push ID. Each
Push ID MUST only be used once in a push stream header. If a push Push ID MUST only be used once in a push stream header. If a push
stream header includes a Push ID that was used in another push stream stream header includes a Push ID that was used in another push stream
header, the client MUST treat this as a connection error of type header, the client MUST treat this as a connection error of type
HTTP_DUPLICATE_PUSH. The same Push ID can be used in multiple HTTP_DUPLICATE_PUSH. The same Push ID can be used in multiple
PUSH_PROMISE frames (see Section 4.2.6). PUSH_PROMISE frames (see Section 4.2.7).
After the header, a push stream contains a response (Section 3.2), After the header, a push stream contains a response (Section 3.1),
with response headers, a response body (if any) carried by DATA with response headers, a response body (if any) carried by DATA
frames, then trailers (if any) carried by HEADERS frames. frames, then trailers (if any) carried by HEADERS frames.
4. HTTP Framing Layer 4. HTTP Framing Layer
Frames are used on each stream. This section describes HTTP framing Frames are used on the control stream, request streams, and push
in QUIC and highlights some differences from HTTP/2 framing. For streams. This section describes HTTP framing in QUIC and highlights
more detail on differences from HTTP/2, see Section 7.2. some differences from HTTP/2 framing. For more detail on differences
from HTTP/2, see Section 7.2.
4.1. Frame Layout 4.1. Frame Layout
All frames have the following format: All frames have the following format:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Length (i) ... | Length (i) ...
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type (8) | Flags (8) | Frame Payload (*) ... | Type (8) | Frame Payload (*) ...
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 2: HTTP/QUIC frame format Figure 4: HTTP/QUIC frame format
A frame includes the following fields: A frame includes the following fields:
Length: A variable-length integer that describes the length of the Length: A variable-length integer that describes the length of the
Frame Payload. This length does not include the frame header. Frame Payload. This length does not include the frame header.
Type: An 8-bit type for the frame. Type: An 8-bit type for the frame.
Flags: An 8-bit field containing flags. The Type field determines
the semantics of flags.
Frame Payload: A payload, the semantics of which are determined by Frame Payload: A payload, the semantics of which are determined by
the Type field. the Type field.
4.2. Frame Definitions 4.2. Frame Definitions
4.2.1. DATA 4.2.1. Reserved Frame Types
Frame types of the format "0xb + (0x1f * N)" are reserved to exercise
the requirement that unknown types be ignored. These frames have no
semantic meaning, and can be sent when application-layer padding is
desired. They MAY also be sent on connections where no request data
is currently being transferred. Endpoints MUST NOT consider these
frames to have any meaning upon receipt.
The payload and length of the frames are selected in any manner the
implementation chooses.
4.2.2. DATA
DATA frames (type=0x0) convey arbitrary, variable-length sequences of DATA frames (type=0x0) convey arbitrary, variable-length sequences of
octets associated with an HTTP request or response payload. octets associated with an HTTP request or response payload.
The DATA frame defines no flags.
DATA frames MUST be associated with an HTTP request or response. If DATA frames MUST be associated with an HTTP request or response. If
a DATA frame is received on either control stream, the recipient MUST a DATA frame is received on either control stream, the recipient MUST
respond with a connection error (Section 6) of type respond with a connection error (Section 6) of type
HTTP_WRONG_STREAM. HTTP_WRONG_STREAM.
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Payload (*) ... | Payload (*) ...
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 3: DATA frame payload Figure 5: DATA frame payload
DATA frames MUST contain a non-zero-length payload. If a DATA frame DATA frames MUST contain a non-zero-length payload. If a DATA frame
is received with a payload length of zero, the recipient MUST respond is received with a payload length of zero, the recipient MUST respond
with a stream error (Section 6) of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME. with a stream error (Section 6) of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME.
4.2.2. HEADERS 4.2.3. HEADERS
The HEADERS frame (type=0x1) is used to carry a header block, The HEADERS frame (type=0x1) is used to carry a header block,
compressed using QPACK. See [QPACK] for more details. compressed using QPACK. See [QPACK] for more details.
The HEADERS frame defines no flags.
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Header Block (*) ... | Header Block (*) ...
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 4: HEADERS frame payload Figure 6: HEADERS frame payload
HEADERS frames can only be sent on request / push streams. HEADERS frames can only be sent on request / push streams.
4.2.3. PRIORITY 4.2.4. PRIORITY
The PRIORITY (type=0x02) frame specifies the sender-advised priority The PRIORITY (type=0x02) frame specifies the sender-advised priority
of a stream and is substantially different in format from [RFC7540]. of a stream and is substantially different in format from [RFC7540].
In order to ensure that prioritization is processed in a consistent In order to ensure that prioritization is processed in a consistent
order, PRIORITY frames MUST be sent on the control stream. A order, PRIORITY frames MUST be sent on the control stream. A
PRIORITY frame sent on any other stream MUST be treated as a PRIORITY frame sent on any other stream MUST be treated as a
HTTP_WRONG_STREAM error. HTTP_WRONG_STREAM error.
The format has been modified to accommodate not being sent on a The format has been modified to accommodate not being sent on a
request stream, to allow for identification of server pushes, and the request stream, to allow for identification of server pushes, and the
larger stream ID space of QUIC. The semantics of the Stream larger stream ID space of QUIC. The semantics of the Stream
Dependency, Weight, and E flag are otherwise the same as in HTTP/2. Dependency, Weight, and E flag are otherwise the same as in HTTP/2.
The flags defined are:
PUSH_PRIORITIZED (0x04): Indicates that the Prioritized Stream is a
server push rather than a request.
PUSH_DEPENDENT (0x02): Indicates a dependency on a server push.
E (0x01): Indicates that the stream dependency is exclusive (see
[RFC7540], Section 5.3).
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Prioritized Request ID (i) | |PT |DT |Empty|E|
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Stream Dependency ID (i) | | Prioritized Element ID (i) ...
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Element Dependency ID (i) ...
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Weight (8) | | Weight (8) |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 5: PRIORITY frame payload Figure 7: PRIORITY frame payload
The PRIORITY frame payload has the following fields: The PRIORITY frame payload has the following fields:
Prioritized Request ID: A variable-length integer that identifies a Prioritized Type: A two-bit field indicating the type of element
request. This contains the Stream ID of a request stream when the being prioritized.
PUSH_PRIORITIZED flag is clear, or a Push ID when the
PUSH_PRIORITIZED flag is set.
Stream Dependency ID: A variable-length integer that identifies a Dependency Type: A two-bit field indicating the type of element
dependent request. This contains the Stream ID of a request being depended on.
stream when the PUSH_DEPENDENT flag is clear, or a Push ID when
the PUSH_DEPENDENT flag is set. A request Stream ID of 0 Empty: A three-bit field which MUST be zero when sent and MUST be
indicates a dependency on the root stream. For details of ignored on receipt.
dependencies, see Section 3.3 and [RFC7540], Section 5.3.
Exclusive: A flag which indicates that the stream dependency is
exclusive (see [RFC7540], Section 5.3).
Prioritized Element ID: A variable-length integer that identifies
the element being prioritized. Depending on the value of
Prioritized Type, this contains the Stream ID of a request stream,
the Push ID of a promised resource, or a Placeholder ID of a
placeholder.
Element Dependency ID: A variable-length integer that identifies the
element on which a dependency is being expressed. Depending on
the value of Dependency Type, this contains the Stream ID of a
request stream, the Push ID of a promised resource, or a
Placeholder ID of a placeholder. For details of dependencies, see
Section 3.2 and [RFC7540], Section 5.3.
Weight: An unsigned 8-bit integer representing a priority weight for Weight: An unsigned 8-bit integer representing a priority weight for
the stream (see [RFC7540], Section 5.3). Add one to the value to the stream (see [RFC7540], Section 5.3). Add one to the value to
obtain a weight between 1 and 256. obtain a weight between 1 and 256.
A PRIORITY frame identifies a request to prioritize, and a request A PRIORITY frame identifies an element to prioritize, and an element
upon which that request is dependent. A Prioritized Request ID or upon which it depends. A Prioritized ID or Dependency ID identifies
Stream Dependency ID identifies a client-initiated request using the a client-initiated request using the corresponding stream ID, a
corresponding stream ID when the corresponding PUSH_PRIORITIZED or server push using a Push ID (see Section 4.2.7), or a placeholder
PUSH_DEPENDENT flag is not set. Setting the PUSH_PRIORITIZED or using a Placeholder ID (see Section 3.2.1).
PUSH_DEPENDENT flag causes the Prioritized Request ID or Stream
Dependency ID (respectively) to identify a server push using a Push
ID (see Section 4.2.6 for details).
A PRIORITY frame MAY identify a Stream Dependency ID using a Stream The values for the Prioritized Element Type and Element Dependency
ID of 0; as in [RFC7540], this makes the request dependent on the Type imply the interpretation of the associated Element ID fields.
root of the dependency tree.
A PRIORITY frame MUST identify a client-initiated, bidirectional +-----------+------------------+---------------------+
stream. A server MUST treat receipt of PRIORITY frame with a Stream | Type Bits | Type Description | Element ID Contents |
ID of any other type as a connection error of type +-----------+------------------+---------------------+
HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME. | 00 | Request stream | Stream ID |
| | | |
| 01 | Push stream | Push ID |
| | | |
| 10 | Placeholder | Placeholder ID |
| | | |
| 11 | Root of the tree | Ignored |
+-----------+------------------+---------------------+
Stream ID 0 cannot be reprioritized. A Prioritized Request ID that Note that the root of the tree cannot be referenced using a Stream ID
identifies Stream 0 MUST be treated as a connection error of type of 0, as in [RFC7540]; QUIC stream 0 carries a valid HTTP request.
HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME. The root of the tree cannot be reprioritized. A PRIORITY frame that
prioritizes the root of the tree MUST be treated as a connection
error of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME.
A PRIORITY frame that does not reference a request MUST be treated as When a PRIORITY frame claims to reference a request, the associated
a HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME error, unless it references Stream ID 0. A ID MUST identify a client-initiated bidirectional stream. A server
PRIORITY that sets a PUSH_PRIORITIZED or PUSH_DEPENDENT flag, but MUST treat receipt of PRIORITY frame with a Stream ID of any other
then references a non-existent Push ID MUST be treated as a type as a connection error of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME.
A PRIORITY frame that references a non-existent Push ID or a
Placeholder ID greater than the server's limit MUST be treated as a
HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME error. HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME error.
A PRIORITY frame MUST contain only the identified fields. A PRIORITY A PRIORITY frame MUST contain only the identified fields. A PRIORITY
frame that contains more or fewer fields, or a PRIORITY frame that frame that contains more or fewer fields, or a PRIORITY frame that
includes a truncated integer encoding MUST be treated as a connection includes a truncated integer encoding MUST be treated as a connection
error of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME. error of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME.
4.2.4. CANCEL_PUSH 4.2.5. CANCEL_PUSH
The CANCEL_PUSH frame (type=0x3) is used to request cancellation of The CANCEL_PUSH frame (type=0x3) is used to request cancellation of
server push prior to the push stream being created. The CANCEL_PUSH server push prior to the push stream being created. The CANCEL_PUSH
frame identifies a server push request by Push ID (see Section 4.2.6) frame identifies a server push request by Push ID (see Section 4.2.7)
using a variable-length integer. using a variable-length integer.
When a server receives this frame, it aborts sending the response for When a server receives this frame, it aborts sending the response for
the identified server push. If the server has not yet started to the identified server push. If the server has not yet started to
send the server push, it can use the receipt of a CANCEL_PUSH frame send the server push, it can use the receipt of a CANCEL_PUSH frame
to avoid opening a stream. If the push stream has been opened by the to avoid opening a stream. If the push stream has been opened by the
server, the server SHOULD sent a QUIC RST_STREAM frame on those server, the server SHOULD sent a QUIC RST_STREAM frame on those
streams and cease transmission of the response. streams and cease transmission of the response.
A server can send this frame to indicate that it won't be sending a A server can send this frame to indicate that it won't be sending a
response prior to creation of a push stream. Once the push stream response prior to creation of a push stream. Once the push stream
has been created, sending CANCEL_PUSH has no effect on the state of has been created, sending CANCEL_PUSH has no effect on the state of
the push stream. A QUIC RST_STREAM frame SHOULD be used instead to the push stream. A QUIC RST_STREAM frame SHOULD be used instead to
cancel transmission of the server push response. cancel transmission of the server push response.
A CANCEL_PUSH frame is sent on the control stream. Sending a A CANCEL_PUSH frame is sent on the control stream. Sending a
CANCEL_PUSH frame on a stream other than the control stream MUST be CANCEL_PUSH frame on a stream other than the control stream MUST be
treated as a stream error of type HTTP_WRONG_STREAM. treated as a stream error of type HTTP_WRONG_STREAM.
The CANCEL_PUSH frame has no defined flags.
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Push ID (i) ... | Push ID (i) ...
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 6: CANCEL_PUSH frame payload Figure 8: CANCEL_PUSH frame payload
The CANCEL_PUSH frame carries a Push ID encoded as a variable-length The CANCEL_PUSH frame carries a Push ID encoded as a variable-length
integer. The Push ID identifies the server push that is being integer. The Push ID identifies the server push that is being
cancelled (see Section 4.2.6). cancelled (see Section 4.2.7).
If the client receives a CANCEL_PUSH frame, that frame might identify If the client receives a CANCEL_PUSH frame, that frame might identify
a Push ID that has not yet been mentioned by a PUSH_PROMISE frame. a Push ID that has not yet been mentioned by a PUSH_PROMISE frame.
An endpoint MUST treat a CANCEL_PUSH frame which does not contain An endpoint MUST treat a CANCEL_PUSH frame which does not contain
exactly one properly-formatted variable-length integer as a exactly one properly-formatted variable-length integer as a
connection error of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME. connection error of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME.
4.2.5. SETTINGS 4.2.6. SETTINGS
The SETTINGS frame (type=0x4) conveys configuration parameters that The SETTINGS frame (type=0x4) conveys configuration parameters that
affect how endpoints communicate, such as preferences and constraints affect how endpoints communicate, such as preferences and constraints
on peer behavior, and is different from [RFC7540]. Individually, a on peer behavior, and is different from [RFC7540]. Individually, a
SETTINGS parameter can also be referred to as a "setting". SETTINGS parameter can also be referred to as a "setting".
SETTINGS parameters are not negotiated; they describe characteristics SETTINGS parameters are not negotiated; they describe characteristics
of the sending peer, which can be used by the receiving peer. of the sending peer, which can be used by the receiving peer.
However, a negotiation can be implied by the use of SETTINGS - a peer However, a negotiation can be implied by the use of SETTINGS - a peer
uses SETTINGS to advertise a set of supported values. The recipient uses SETTINGS to advertise a set of supported values. The recipient
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SETTINGS parameter can also be referred to as a "setting". SETTINGS parameter can also be referred to as a "setting".
SETTINGS parameters are not negotiated; they describe characteristics SETTINGS parameters are not negotiated; they describe characteristics
of the sending peer, which can be used by the receiving peer. of the sending peer, which can be used by the receiving peer.
However, a negotiation can be implied by the use of SETTINGS - a peer However, a negotiation can be implied by the use of SETTINGS - a peer
uses SETTINGS to advertise a set of supported values. The recipient uses SETTINGS to advertise a set of supported values. The recipient
can then choose which entries from this list are also acceptable and can then choose which entries from this list are also acceptable and
proceed with the value it has chosen. (This choice could be proceed with the value it has chosen. (This choice could be
announced in a field of an extension frame, or in its own value in announced in a field of an extension frame, or in its own value in
SETTINGS.) SETTINGS.)
Different values for the same parameter can be advertised by each Different values for the same parameter can be advertised by each
peer. For example, a client might be willing to consume very large peer. For example, a client might be willing to consume very large
response headers, while servers are more cautious about request size. response headers, while servers are more cautious about request size.
Parameters MUST NOT occur more than once. A receiver MAY treat the Parameters MUST NOT occur more than once. A receiver MAY treat the
presence of the same parameter more than once as a connection error presence of the same parameter more than once as a connection error
of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME. of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME.
The SETTINGS frame defines no flags.
The payload of a SETTINGS frame consists of zero or more parameters, The payload of a SETTINGS frame consists of zero or more parameters,
each consisting of an unsigned 16-bit setting identifier and a each consisting of an unsigned 16-bit setting identifier and a
length-prefixed binary value. length-prefixed binary value.
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Identifier (16) | Length (i) ... | Identifier (16) | Length (i) ...
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Contents (?) ... | Contents (?) ...
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 7: SETTINGS value format Figure 9: SETTINGS value format
A zero-length content indicates that the setting value is a Boolean A zero-length content indicates that the setting value is a Boolean
and true. False is indicated by the absence of the setting. and true. False is indicated by the absence of the setting.
Non-zero-length values MUST be compared against the remaining length Non-zero-length values MUST be compared against the remaining length
of the SETTINGS frame. Any value which purports to cross the end of of the SETTINGS frame. Any value which purports to cross the end of
the frame MUST cause the SETTINGS frame to be considered malformed the frame MUST cause the SETTINGS frame to be considered malformed
and trigger a connection error of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME. and trigger a connection error of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME.
An implementation MUST ignore the contents for any SETTINGS An implementation MUST ignore the contents for any SETTINGS
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subsequently or on any other stream. If an endpoint receives an subsequently or on any other stream. If an endpoint receives an
SETTINGS frame on a different stream, the endpoint MUST respond with SETTINGS frame on a different stream, the endpoint MUST respond with
a connection error of type HTTP_WRONG_STREAM. If an endpoint a connection error of type HTTP_WRONG_STREAM. If an endpoint
receives a second SETTINGS frame, the endpoint MUST respond with a receives a second SETTINGS frame, the endpoint MUST respond with a
connection error of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME. connection error of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME.
The SETTINGS frame affects connection state. A badly formed or The SETTINGS frame affects connection state. A badly formed or
incomplete SETTINGS frame MUST be treated as a connection error incomplete SETTINGS frame MUST be treated as a connection error
(Section 6) of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME. (Section 6) of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME.
4.2.5.1. Integer encoding 4.2.6.1. Integer encoding
Settings which are integers use the QUIC variable-length integer Settings which are integers use the QUIC variable-length integer
encoding. encoding.
4.2.5.2. Defined SETTINGS Parameters 4.2.6.2. Defined SETTINGS Parameters
The following settings are defined in HTTP/QUIC: The following settings are defined in HTTP/QUIC:
SETTINGS_HEADER_TABLE_SIZE (0x1): An integer with a maximum value of SETTINGS_NUM_PLACEHOLDERS (0x3): An integer with a maximum value of
2^30 - 1. The default value is 4,096 bytes. 2^16 - 1. The value SHOULD be non-zero. The default value is 16.
SETTINGS_MAX_HEADER_LIST_SIZE (0x6): An integer with a maximum value SETTINGS_MAX_HEADER_LIST_SIZE (0x6): An integer with a maximum value
of 2^30 - 1. The default value is unlimited. of 2^30 - 1. The default value is unlimited.
SETTINGS_QPACK_BLOCKED_STREAMS (0x7): An integer with a maximum Settings values of the format "0x?a?a" are reserved to exercise the
value of 2^16 - 1. The default value is 100. requirement that unknown parameters be ignored. Such settings have
no defined meaning. Endpoints SHOULD include at least one such
setting in their SETTINGS frame. Endpoints MUST NOT consider such
settings to have any meaning upon receipt.
4.2.5.3. Initial SETTINGS Values Because the setting has no defined meaning, the value of the setting
can be any value the implementation selects.
Additional settings MAY be defined by extensions to HTTP/QUIC.
4.2.6.3. Initial SETTINGS Values
When a 0-RTT QUIC connection is being used, the client's initial When a 0-RTT QUIC connection is being used, the client's initial
requests will be sent before the arrival of the server's SETTINGS requests will be sent before the arrival of the server's SETTINGS
frame. Clients MUST store the settings the server provided in the frame. Clients MUST store the settings the server provided in the
session being resumed and MUST comply with stored settings until the session being resumed and MUST comply with stored settings until the
server's current settings are received. server's current settings are received.
Servers MAY continue processing data from clients which exceed its Servers MAY continue processing data from clients which exceed its
current configuration during the initial flight. In this case, the current configuration during the initial flight. In this case, the
client MUST apply the new settings immediately upon receipt. client MUST apply the new settings immediately upon receipt.
When a 1-RTT QUIC connection is being used, the client MUST NOT send When a 1-RTT QUIC connection is being used, the client MUST NOT send
requests prior to receiving and processing the server's SETTINGS requests prior to receiving and processing the server's SETTINGS
frame. frame.
4.2.6. PUSH_PROMISE 4.2.7. PUSH_PROMISE
The PUSH_PROMISE frame (type=0x05) is used to carry a request header The PUSH_PROMISE frame (type=0x05) is used to carry a request header
set from server to client, as in HTTP/2. The PUSH_PROMISE frame set from server to client, as in HTTP/2.
defines no flags.
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Push ID (i) ... | Push ID (i) ...
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Header Block (*) ... | Header Block (*) ...
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 8: PUSH_PROMISE frame payload Figure 10: PUSH_PROMISE frame payload
The payload consists of: The payload consists of:
Push ID: A variable-length integer that identifies the server push Push ID: A variable-length integer that identifies the server push
request. A push ID is used in push stream header (Section 3.4), request. A push ID is used in push stream header (Section 3.3.2),
CANCEL_PUSH frames (Section 4.2.4), and PRIORITY frames CANCEL_PUSH frames (Section 4.2.5), and PRIORITY frames
(Section 4.2.3). (Section 4.2.4).
Header Block: QPACK-compressed request headers for the promised Header Block: QPACK-compressed request headers for the promised
response. See [QPACK] for more details. response. See [QPACK] for more details.
A server MUST NOT use a Push ID that is larger than the client has A server MUST NOT use a Push ID that is larger than the client has
provided in a MAX_PUSH_ID frame (Section 4.2.8). A client MUST treat provided in a MAX_PUSH_ID frame (Section 4.2.9). A client MUST treat
receipt of a PUSH_PROMISE that contains a larger Push ID than the receipt of a PUSH_PROMISE that contains a larger Push ID than the
client has advertised as a connection error of type client has advertised as a connection error of type
HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME. HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME.
A server MAY use the same Push ID in multiple PUSH_PROMISE frames. A server MAY use the same Push ID in multiple PUSH_PROMISE frames.
This allows the server to use the same server push in response to This allows the server to use the same server push in response to
multiple concurrent requests. Referencing the same server push multiple concurrent requests. Referencing the same server push
ensures that a PUSH_PROMISE can be made in relation to every response ensures that a PUSH_PROMISE can be made in relation to every response
in which server push might be needed without duplicating pushes. in which server push might be needed without duplicating pushes.
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ID as a connection error of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME. ID as a connection error of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME.
Allowing duplicate references to the same Push ID is primarily to Allowing duplicate references to the same Push ID is primarily to
reduce duplication caused by concurrent requests. A server SHOULD reduce duplication caused by concurrent requests. A server SHOULD
avoid reusing a Push ID over a long period. Clients are likely to avoid reusing a Push ID over a long period. Clients are likely to
consume server push responses and not retain them for reuse over consume server push responses and not retain them for reuse over
time. Clients that see a PUSH_PROMISE that uses a Push ID that they time. Clients that see a PUSH_PROMISE that uses a Push ID that they
have since consumed and discarded are forced to ignore the have since consumed and discarded are forced to ignore the
PUSH_PROMISE. PUSH_PROMISE.
4.2.7. GOAWAY 4.2.8. GOAWAY
The GOAWAY frame (type=0x7) is used to initiate graceful shutdown of The GOAWAY frame (type=0x7) is used to initiate graceful shutdown of
a connection by a server. GOAWAY allows a server to stop accepting a connection by a server. GOAWAY allows a server to stop accepting
new requests while still finishing processing of previously received new requests while still finishing processing of previously received
requests. This enables administrative actions, like server requests. This enables administrative actions, like server
maintenance. GOAWAY by itself does not close a connection. maintenance. GOAWAY by itself does not close a connection.
The GOAWAY frame does not define any flags.
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Stream ID (i) ... | Stream ID (i) ...
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 9: GOAWAY frame payload Figure 11: GOAWAY frame payload
The GOAWAY frame carries a QUIC Stream ID for a client-initiated, The GOAWAY frame carries a QUIC Stream ID for a client-initiated
bidirectional stream encoded as a variable-length integer. A client bidirectional stream encoded as a variable-length integer. A client
MUST treat receipt of a GOAWAY frame containing a Stream ID of any MUST treat receipt of a GOAWAY frame containing a Stream ID of any
other type as a connection error of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME. other type as a connection error of type HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME.
Clients do not need to send GOAWAY to initiate a graceful shutdown; Clients do not need to send GOAWAY to initiate a graceful shutdown;
they simply stop making new requests. A server MUST treat receipt of they simply stop making new requests. A server MUST treat receipt of
a GOAWAY frame as a connection error (Section 6) of type a GOAWAY frame as a connection error (Section 6) of type
HTTP_UNEXPECTED_GOAWAY. HTTP_UNEXPECTED_GOAWAY.
The GOAWAY frame applies to the connection, not a specific stream. The GOAWAY frame applies to the connection, not a specific stream.
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MAX_STREAM_ID limit after sending a GOAWAY frame. MAX_STREAM_ID limit after sending a GOAWAY frame.
Once sent, the server MUST cancel requests sent on streams with an Once sent, the server MUST cancel requests sent on streams with an
identifier higher than the included last Stream ID. Clients MUST NOT identifier higher than the included last Stream ID. Clients MUST NOT
send new requests on the connection after receiving GOAWAY, although send new requests on the connection after receiving GOAWAY, although
requests might already be in transit. A new connection can be requests might already be in transit. A new connection can be
established for new requests. established for new requests.
If the client has sent requests on streams with a higher Stream ID If the client has sent requests on streams with a higher Stream ID
than indicated in the GOAWAY frame, those requests are considered than indicated in the GOAWAY frame, those requests are considered
cancelled (Section 3.2.3). Clients SHOULD reset any streams above cancelled (Section 3.1.3). Clients SHOULD reset any streams above
this ID with the error code HTTP_REQUEST_CANCELLED. Servers MAY also this ID with the error code HTTP_REQUEST_CANCELLED. Servers MAY also
cancel requests on streams below the indicated ID if these requests cancel requests on streams below the indicated ID if these requests
were not processed. were not processed.
Requests on Stream IDs less than or equal to the Stream ID in the Requests on Stream IDs less than or equal to the Stream ID in the
GOAWAY frame might have been processed; their status cannot be known GOAWAY frame might have been processed; their status cannot be known
until they are completed successfully, reset individually, or the until they are completed successfully, reset individually, or the
connection terminates. connection terminates.
Servers SHOULD send a GOAWAY frame when the closing of a connection Servers SHOULD send a GOAWAY frame when the closing of a connection
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losing requests. losing requests.
Once all requests on streams at or below the identified stream number Once all requests on streams at or below the identified stream number
have been completed or cancelled, and all promised server push have been completed or cancelled, and all promised server push
responses associated with those requests have been completed or responses associated with those requests have been completed or
cancelled, the connection can be closed using an Immediate Close (see cancelled, the connection can be closed using an Immediate Close (see
[QUIC-TRANSPORT]). An endpoint that completes a graceful shutdown [QUIC-TRANSPORT]). An endpoint that completes a graceful shutdown
SHOULD use the QUIC APPLICATION_CLOSE frame with the HTTP_NO_ERROR SHOULD use the QUIC APPLICATION_CLOSE frame with the HTTP_NO_ERROR
code. code.
4.2.8. MAX_PUSH_ID 4.2.9. MAX_PUSH_ID
The MAX_PUSH_ID frame (type=0xD) is used by clients to control the The MAX_PUSH_ID frame (type=0xD) is used by clients to control the
number of server pushes that the server can initiate. This sets the number of server pushes that the server can initiate. This sets the
maximum value for a Push ID that the server can use in a PUSH_PROMISE maximum value for a Push ID that the server can use in a PUSH_PROMISE
frame. Consequently, this also limits the number of push streams frame. Consequently, this also limits the number of push streams
that the server can initiate in addition to the limit set by the QUIC that the server can initiate in addition to the limit set by the QUIC
MAX_STREAM_ID frame. MAX_STREAM_ID frame.
The MAX_PUSH_ID frame is always sent on a control stream. Receipt of The MAX_PUSH_ID frame is always sent on a control stream. Receipt of
a MAX_PUSH_ID frame on any other stream MUST be treated as a a MAX_PUSH_ID frame on any other stream MUST be treated as a
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A server MUST NOT send a MAX_PUSH_ID frame. A client MUST treat the A server MUST NOT send a MAX_PUSH_ID frame. A client MUST treat the
receipt of a MAX_PUSH_ID frame as a connection error of type receipt of a MAX_PUSH_ID frame as a connection error of type
HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME. HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME.
The maximum Push ID is unset when a connection is created, meaning The maximum Push ID is unset when a connection is created, meaning
that a server cannot push until it receives a MAX_PUSH_ID frame. A that a server cannot push until it receives a MAX_PUSH_ID frame. A
client that wishes to manage the number of promised server pushes can client that wishes to manage the number of promised server pushes can
increase the maximum Push ID by sending a MAX_PUSH_ID frame as the increase the maximum Push ID by sending a MAX_PUSH_ID frame as the
server fulfills or cancels server pushes. server fulfills or cancels server pushes.
The MAX_PUSH_ID frame has no defined flags.
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Push ID (i) ... | Push ID (i) ...
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 10: MAX_PUSH_ID frame payload Figure 12: MAX_PUSH_ID frame payload
The MAX_PUSH_ID frame carries a single variable-length integer that The MAX_PUSH_ID frame carries a single variable-length integer that
identifies the maximum value for a Push ID that the server can use identifies the maximum value for a Push ID that the server can use
(see Section 4.2.6). A MAX_PUSH_ID frame cannot reduce the maximum (see Section 4.2.7). A MAX_PUSH_ID frame cannot reduce the maximum
Push ID; receipt of a MAX_PUSH_ID that contains a smaller value than Push ID; receipt of a MAX_PUSH_ID that contains a smaller value than
previously received MUST be treated as a connection error of type previously received MUST be treated as a connection error of type
HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME. HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME.
A server MUST treat a MAX_PUSH_ID frame payload that does not contain A server MUST treat a MAX_PUSH_ID frame payload that does not contain
a single variable-length integer as a connection error of type a single variable-length integer as a connection error of type
HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME. HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME.
5. Connection Management 5. Connection Management
skipping to change at page 24, line 14 skipping to change at page 26, line 34
maintain connections in anticipation of need rather than incur the maintain connections in anticipation of need rather than incur the
latency cost of connection establishment to servers. latency cost of connection establishment to servers.
6. Error Handling 6. Error Handling
QUIC allows the application to abruptly terminate (reset) individual QUIC allows the application to abruptly terminate (reset) individual
streams or the entire connection when an error is encountered. These streams or the entire connection when an error is encountered. These
are referred to as "stream errors" or "connection errors" and are are referred to as "stream errors" or "connection errors" and are
described in more detail in [QUIC-TRANSPORT]. described in more detail in [QUIC-TRANSPORT].
This section describes HTTP-specific error codes which can be used to This section describes HTTP/QUIC-specific error codes which can be
express the cause of a connection or stream error. used to express the cause of a connection or stream error.
6.1. HTTP/QUIC Error Codes 6.1. HTTP/QUIC Error Codes
The following error codes are defined for use in QUIC RST_STREAM, The following error codes are defined for use in QUIC RST_STREAM,
STOP_SENDING, and CONNECTION_CLOSE frames when using HTTP/QUIC. STOP_SENDING, and CONNECTION_CLOSE frames when using HTTP/QUIC.
STOPPING (0x00): This value is reserved by the transport to be used STOPPING (0x00): This value is reserved by the transport to be used
in response to QUIC STOP_SENDING frames. in response to QUIC STOP_SENDING frames.
HTTP_NO_ERROR (0x01): No error. This is used when the connection or HTTP_NO_ERROR (0x01): No error. This is used when the connection or
skipping to change at page 25, line 5 skipping to change at page 27, line 26
HTTP_CONNECT_ERROR (0x07): The connection established in response to HTTP_CONNECT_ERROR (0x07): The connection established in response to
a CONNECT request was reset or abnormally closed. a CONNECT request was reset or abnormally closed.
HTTP_EXCESSIVE_LOAD (0x08): The endpoint detected that its peer is HTTP_EXCESSIVE_LOAD (0x08): The endpoint detected that its peer is
exhibiting a behavior that might be generating excessive load. exhibiting a behavior that might be generating excessive load.
HTTP_VERSION_FALLBACK (0x09): The requested operation cannot be HTTP_VERSION_FALLBACK (0x09): The requested operation cannot be
served over HTTP/QUIC. The peer should retry over HTTP/2. served over HTTP/QUIC. The peer should retry over HTTP/2.
HTTP_WRONG_STREAM (0x0A): A frame was received on stream where it is HTTP_WRONG_STREAM (0x0A): A frame was received on a stream where it
not permitted. is not permitted.
HTTP_PUSH_LIMIT_EXCEEDED (0x0B): A Push ID greater than the current HTTP_PUSH_LIMIT_EXCEEDED (0x0B): A Push ID greater than the current
maximum Push ID was referenced. maximum Push ID was referenced.
HTTP_DUPLICATE_PUSH (0x0C): A Push ID was referenced in two HTTP_DUPLICATE_PUSH (0x0C): A Push ID was referenced in two
different stream headers. different stream headers.
HTTP_UNKNOWN_STREAM_TYPE (0x0D): A unidirectional stream header
contained an unknown stream type.
HTTP_WRONG_STREAM_COUNT (0x0E): A unidirectional stream type was
used more times than is permitted by that type.
HTTP_CLOSED_CRITICAL_STREAM (0x0F): A stream required by the
connection was closed or reset.
HTTP_WRONG_STREAM_DIRECTION (0x0010): A unidirectional stream type
was used by a peer which is not permitted to do so.
HTTP_GENERAL_PROTOCOL_ERROR (0x00FF): Peer violated protocol
requirements in a way which doesn't match a more specific error
code, or endpoint declines to use the more specific error code.
HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME (0x01XX): An error in a specific frame type. HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME (0x01XX): An error in a specific frame type.
The frame type is included as the last octet of the error code. The frame type is included as the last octet of the error code.
For example, an error in a MAX_PUSH_ID frame would be indicated For example, an error in a MAX_PUSH_ID frame would be indicated
with the code (0x10D). with the code (0x10D).
7. Considerations for Transitioning from HTTP/2 7. Considerations for Transitioning from HTTP/2
HTTP/QUIC is strongly informed by HTTP/2, and bears many HTTP/QUIC is strongly informed by HTTP/2, and bears many
similarities. This section describes the approach taken to design similarities. This section describes the approach taken to design
HTTP/QUIC, points out important differences from HTTP/2, and HTTP/QUIC, points out important differences from HTTP/2, and
describes how to map HTTP/2 extensions into HTTP/QUIC. describes how to map HTTP/2 extensions into HTTP/QUIC.
skipping to change at page 25, line 52 skipping to change at page 28, line 41
on the connection flow control window. on the connection flow control window.
7.2. HTTP Frame Types 7.2. HTTP Frame Types
Many framing concepts from HTTP/2 can be elided away on QUIC, because Many framing concepts from HTTP/2 can be elided away on QUIC, because
the transport deals with them. Because frames are already on a the transport deals with them. Because frames are already on a
stream, they can omit the stream number. Because frames do not block stream, they can omit the stream number. Because frames do not block
multiplexing (QUIC's multiplexing occurs below this layer), the multiplexing (QUIC's multiplexing occurs below this layer), the
support for variable-maximum-length packets can be removed. Because support for variable-maximum-length packets can be removed. Because
stream termination is handled by QUIC, an END_STREAM flag is not stream termination is handled by QUIC, an END_STREAM flag is not
required. required. This permits the removal of the Flags field from the
generic frame layout.
Frame payloads are largely drawn from [RFC7540]. However, QUIC Frame payloads are largely drawn from [RFC7540]. However, QUIC
includes many features (e.g. flow control) which are also present in includes many features (e.g. flow control) which are also present in
HTTP/2. In these cases, the HTTP mapping does not re-implement them. HTTP/2. In these cases, the HTTP mapping does not re-implement them.
As a result, several HTTP/2 frame types are not required in HTTP/ As a result, several HTTP/2 frame types are not required in HTTP/
QUIC. Where an HTTP/2-defined frame is no longer used, the frame ID QUIC. Where an HTTP/2-defined frame is no longer used, the frame ID
has been reserved in order to maximize portability between HTTP/2 and has been reserved in order to maximize portability between HTTP/2 and
HTTP/QUIC implementations. However, even equivalent frames between HTTP/QUIC implementations. However, even equivalent frames between
the two mappings are not identical. the two mappings are not identical.
skipping to change at page 26, line 46 skipping to change at page 29, line 37
described in [QPACK]. described in [QPACK].
Frame type definitions in HTTP/QUIC often use the QUIC variable- Frame type definitions in HTTP/QUIC often use the QUIC variable-
length integer encoding. In particular, Stream IDs use this length integer encoding. In particular, Stream IDs use this
encoding, which allow for a larger range of possible values than the encoding, which allow for a larger range of possible values than the
encoding used in HTTP/2. Some frames in HTTP/QUIC use an identifier encoding used in HTTP/2. Some frames in HTTP/QUIC use an identifier
rather than a Stream ID (e.g. Push IDs in PRIORITY frames). rather than a Stream ID (e.g. Push IDs in PRIORITY frames).
Redefinition of the encoding of extension frame types might be Redefinition of the encoding of extension frame types might be
necessary if the encoding includes a Stream ID. necessary if the encoding includes a Stream ID.
Because the Flags field is not present in generic HTTP/QUIC frames,
those frames which depend on the presence of flags need to allocate
space for flags as part of their frame payload.
Other than this issue, frame type HTTP/2 extensions are typically Other than this issue, frame type HTTP/2 extensions are typically
portable to QUIC simply by replacing Stream 0 in HTTP/2 with Stream 2 portable to QUIC simply by replacing Stream 0 in HTTP/2 with a
or 3 in HTTP/QUIC. HTTP/QUIC extensions will not assume ordering, control stream in HTTP/QUIC. HTTP/QUIC extensions will not assume
but would not be harmed by ordering, and would be portable to HTTP/2 ordering, but would not be harmed by ordering, and would be portable
in the same manner. to HTTP/2 in the same manner.
Below is a listing of how each HTTP/2 frame type is mapped: Below is a listing of how each HTTP/2 frame type is mapped:
DATA (0x0): Padding is not defined in HTTP/QUIC frames. See DATA (0x0): Padding is not defined in HTTP/QUIC frames. See
Section 4.2.1. Section 4.2.2.
HEADERS (0x1): As described above, the PRIORITY region of HEADERS is HEADERS (0x1): As described above, the PRIORITY region of HEADERS is
not supported. A separate PRIORITY frame MUST be used. Padding not supported. A separate PRIORITY frame MUST be used. Padding
is not defined in HTTP/QUIC frames. See Section 4.2.2. is not defined in HTTP/QUIC frames. See Section 4.2.3.
PRIORITY (0x2): As described above, the PRIORITY frame is sent on PRIORITY (0x2): As described above, the PRIORITY frame is sent on
the control stream and can reference either a Stream ID or a Push the control stream and can reference either a Stream ID or a Push
ID. See Section 4.2.3. ID. See Section 4.2.4.
RST_STREAM (0x3): RST_STREAM frames do not exist, since QUIC RST_STREAM (0x3): RST_STREAM frames do not exist, since QUIC
provides stream lifecycle management. The same code point is used provides stream lifecycle management. The same code point is used
for the CANCEL_PUSH frame (Section 4.2.4). for the CANCEL_PUSH frame (Section 4.2.5).
SETTINGS (0x4): SETTINGS frames are sent only at the beginning of SETTINGS (0x4): SETTINGS frames are sent only at the beginning of
the connection. See Section 4.2.5 and Section 7.3. the connection. See Section 4.2.6 and Section 7.3.
PUSH_PROMISE (0x5): The PUSH_PROMISE does not reference a stream; PUSH_PROMISE (0x5): The PUSH_PROMISE does not reference a stream;
instead the push stream references the PUSH_PROMISE frame using a instead the push stream references the PUSH_PROMISE frame using a
Push ID. See Section 4.2.6. Push ID. See Section 4.2.7.
PING (0x6): PING frames do not exist, since QUIC provides equivalent PING (0x6): PING frames do not exist, since QUIC provides equivalent
functionality. functionality.
GOAWAY (0x7): GOAWAY is sent only from server to client and does not GOAWAY (0x7): GOAWAY is sent only from server to client and does not
contain an error code. See Section 4.2.7. contain an error code. See Section 4.2.8.
WINDOW_UPDATE (0x8): WINDOW_UPDATE frames do not exist, since QUIC WINDOW_UPDATE (0x8): WINDOW_UPDATE frames do not exist, since QUIC
provides flow control. provides flow control.
CONTINUATION (0x9): CONTINUATION frames do not exist; instead, CONTINUATION (0x9): CONTINUATION frames do not exist; instead,
larger HEADERS/PUSH_PROMISE frames than HTTP/2 are permitted, and larger HEADERS/PUSH_PROMISE frames than HTTP/2 are permitted, and
HEADERS frames can be used in series. HEADERS frames can be used in series.
Frame types defined by extensions to HTTP/2 need to be separately Frame types defined by extensions to HTTP/2 need to be separately
registered for HTTP/QUIC if still applicable. The IDs of frames registered for HTTP/QUIC if still applicable. The IDs of frames
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at the beginning of the connection, and thereafter cannot change. at the beginning of the connection, and thereafter cannot change.
This eliminates many corner cases around synchronization of changes. This eliminates many corner cases around synchronization of changes.
Some transport-level options that HTTP/2 specifies via the SETTINGS Some transport-level options that HTTP/2 specifies via the SETTINGS
frame are superseded by QUIC transport parameters in HTTP/QUIC. The frame are superseded by QUIC transport parameters in HTTP/QUIC. The
HTTP-level options that are retained in HTTP/QUIC have the same value HTTP-level options that are retained in HTTP/QUIC have the same value
as in HTTP/2. as in HTTP/2.
Below is a listing of how each HTTP/2 SETTINGS parameter is mapped: Below is a listing of how each HTTP/2 SETTINGS parameter is mapped:
SETTINGS_HEADER_TABLE_SIZE: See Section 4.2.5.2. SETTINGS_HEADER_TABLE_SIZE: See Section 4.2.6.2.
SETTINGS_ENABLE_PUSH: This is removed in favor of the MAX_PUSH_ID SETTINGS_ENABLE_PUSH: This is removed in favor of the MAX_PUSH_ID
which provides a more granular control over server push. which provides a more granular control over server push.
SETTINGS_MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS: QUIC controls the largest open SETTINGS_MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS: QUIC controls the largest open
Stream ID as part of its flow control logic. Specifying Stream ID as part of its flow control logic. Specifying
SETTINGS_MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS in the SETTINGS frame is an error. SETTINGS_MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS in the SETTINGS frame is an error.
SETTINGS_INITIAL_WINDOW_SIZE: QUIC requires both stream and SETTINGS_INITIAL_WINDOW_SIZE: QUIC requires both stream and
connection flow control window sizes to be specified in the connection flow control window sizes to be specified in the
initial transport handshake. Specifying initial transport handshake. Specifying
SETTINGS_INITIAL_WINDOW_SIZE in the SETTINGS frame is an error. SETTINGS_INITIAL_WINDOW_SIZE in the SETTINGS frame is an error.
SETTINGS_MAX_FRAME_SIZE: This setting has no equivalent in HTTP/ SETTINGS_MAX_FRAME_SIZE: This setting has no equivalent in HTTP/
QUIC. Specifying it in the SETTINGS frame is an error. QUIC. Specifying it in the SETTINGS frame is an error.
SETTINGS_MAX_HEADER_LIST_SIZE: See Section 4.2.5.2. SETTINGS_MAX_HEADER_LIST_SIZE: See Section 4.2.6.2.
Settings need to be defined separately for HTTP/2 and HTTP/QUIC. The Settings need to be defined separately for HTTP/2 and HTTP/QUIC. The
IDs of settings defined in [RFC7540] have been reserved for IDs of settings defined in [RFC7540] have been reserved for
simplicity. See Section 9.4. simplicity. See Section 9.4.
7.4. HTTP/2 Error Codes 7.4. HTTP/2 Error Codes
QUIC has the same concepts of "stream" and "connection" errors that QUIC has the same concepts of "stream" and "connection" errors that
HTTP/2 provides. However, because the error code space is shared HTTP/2 provides. However, because the error code space is shared
between multiple components, there is no direct portability of HTTP/2 between multiple components, there is no direct portability of HTTP/2
skipping to change at page 30, line 21 skipping to change at page 33, line 19
Specification: This document Specification: This document
9.2. Registration of QUIC Version Hint Alt-Svc Parameter 9.2. Registration of QUIC Version Hint Alt-Svc Parameter
This document creates a new registration for version-negotiation This document creates a new registration for version-negotiation
hints in the "Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) Alt-Svc Parameter" hints in the "Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) Alt-Svc Parameter"
registry established in [RFC7838]. registry established in [RFC7838].
Parameter: "quic" Parameter: "quic"
Specification: This document, Section 2.1.1 Specification: This document, Section 2.2.1
9.3. Frame Types 9.3. Frame Types
This document establishes a registry for HTTP/QUIC frame type codes. This document establishes a registry for HTTP/QUIC frame type codes.
The "HTTP/QUIC Frame Type" registry manages an 8-bit space. The The "HTTP/QUIC Frame Type" registry manages an 8-bit space. The
"HTTP/QUIC Frame Type" registry operates under either of the "IETF "HTTP/QUIC Frame Type" registry operates under either of the "IETF
Review" or "IESG Approval" policies [RFC8126] for values between 0x00 Review" or "IESG Approval" policies [RFC8126] for values from 0x00 up
and 0xef, with values between 0xf0 and 0xff being reserved for to and including 0xef, with values from 0xf0 up to and including 0xff
Experimental Use. being reserved for Experimental Use.
While this registry is separate from the "HTTP/2 Frame Type" registry While this registry is separate from the "HTTP/2 Frame Type" registry
defined in [RFC7540], it is preferable that the assignments parallel defined in [RFC7540], it is preferable that the assignments parallel
each other. If an entry is present in only one registry, every each other. If an entry is present in only one registry, every
effort SHOULD be made to avoid assigning the corresponding value to effort SHOULD be made to avoid assigning the corresponding value to
an unrelated operation. an unrelated operation.
New entries in this registry require the following information: New entries in this registry require the following information:
Frame Type: A name or label for the frame type. Frame Type: A name or label for the frame type.
Code: The 8-bit code assigned to the frame type. Code: The 8-bit code assigned to the frame type.
Specification: A reference to a specification that includes a Specification: A reference to a specification that includes a
description of the frame layout, its semantics, and flags that the description of the frame layout and its semantics, including any
frame type uses, including any parts of the frame that are parts of the frame that are conditionally present.
conditionally present based on the value of flags.
The entries in the following table are registered by this document. The entries in the following table are registered by this document.
+--------------+------+---------------+ +--------------+------+---------------+
| Frame Type | Code | Specification | | Frame Type | Code | Specification |
+--------------+------+---------------+ +--------------+------+---------------+
| DATA | 0x0 | Section 4.2.1 | | DATA | 0x0 | Section 4.2.2 |
| | | | | | | |
| HEADERS | 0x1 | Section 4.2.2 | | HEADERS | 0x1 | Section 4.2.3 |
| | | | | | | |
| PRIORITY | 0x2 | Section 4.2.3 | | PRIORITY | 0x2 | Section 4.2.4 |
| | | | | | | |
| CANCEL_PUSH | 0x3 | Section 4.2.4 | | CANCEL_PUSH | 0x3 | Section 4.2.5 |
| | | | | | | |
| SETTINGS | 0x4 | Section 4.2.5 | | SETTINGS | 0x4 | Section 4.2.6 |
| | | | | | | |
| PUSH_PROMISE | 0x5 | Section 4.2.6 | | PUSH_PROMISE | 0x5 | Section 4.2.7 |
| | | | | | | |
| Reserved | 0x6 | N/A | | Reserved | 0x6 | N/A |
| | | | | | | |
| GOAWAY | 0x7 | Section 4.2.7 | | GOAWAY | 0x7 | Section 4.2.8 |
| | | | | | | |
| Reserved | 0x8 | N/A | | Reserved | 0x8 | N/A |
| | | | | | | |
| Reserved | 0x9 | N/A | | Reserved | 0x9 | N/A |
| | | | | | | |
| MAX_PUSH_ID | 0xD | Section 4.2.8 | | MAX_PUSH_ID | 0xD | Section 4.2.9 |
+--------------+------+---------------+ +--------------+------+---------------+
Additionally, each code of the format "0xb + (0x1f * N)" for values
of N in the range (0..7) (that is, "0xb", "0x2a", etc., through
"0xe4"), the following values should be registered:
Frame Type: Reserved - GREASE
Specification: Section 4.2.1
9.4. Settings Parameters 9.4. Settings Parameters
This document establishes a registry for HTTP/QUIC settings. The This document establishes a registry for HTTP/QUIC settings. The
"HTTP/QUIC Settings" registry manages a 16-bit space. The "HTTP/QUIC "HTTP/QUIC Settings" registry manages a 16-bit space. The "HTTP/QUIC
Settings" registry operates under the "Expert Review" policy Settings" registry operates under the "Expert Review" policy
[RFC8126] for values in the range from 0x0000 to 0xefff, with values [RFC8126] for values in the range from 0x0000 to 0xefff, with values
between and 0xf000 and 0xffff being reserved for Experimental Use. between and 0xf000 and 0xffff being reserved for Experimental Use.
The designated experts are the same as those for the "HTTP/2 The designated experts are the same as those for the "HTTP/2
Settings" registry defined in [RFC7540]. Settings" registry defined in [RFC7540].
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Name: A symbolic name for the setting. Specifying a setting name is Name: A symbolic name for the setting. Specifying a setting name is
optional. optional.
Code: The 16-bit code assigned to the setting. Code: The 16-bit code assigned to the setting.
Specification: An optional reference to a specification that Specification: An optional reference to a specification that
describes the use of the setting. describes the use of the setting.
The entries in the following table are registered by this document. The entries in the following table are registered by this document.
+-----------------------+------+-----------------+ +----------------------+------+-----------------+
| Setting Name | Code | Specification | | Setting Name | Code | Specification |
+-----------------------+------+-----------------+ +----------------------+------+-----------------+
| HEADER_TABLE_SIZE | 0x1 | Section 4.2.5.2 | | Reserved | 0x2 | N/A |
| | | | | | | |
| Reserved | 0x2 | N/A | | NUM_PLACEHOLDERS | 0x3 | Section 4.2.6.2 |
| | | | | | | |
| Reserved | 0x3 | N/A | | Reserved | 0x4 | N/A |
| | | | | | | |
| Reserved | 0x4 | N/A | | Reserved | 0x5 | N/A |
| | | | | | | |
| Reserved | 0x5 | N/A | | MAX_HEADER_LIST_SIZE | 0x6 | Section 4.2.6.2 |
| | | | +----------------------+------+-----------------+
| MAX_HEADER_LIST_SIZE | 0x6 | Section 4.2.5.2 |
| | | | Additionally, each code of the format "0x?a?a" where each "?" is any
| QPACK_BLOCKED_STREAMS | 0x7 | Section 4.2.5.2 | four bits (that is, "0x0a0a", "0x0a1a", etc. through "0xfafa"), the
+-----------------------+------+-----------------+ following values should be registered:
Name: Reserved - GREASE
Specification: Section 4.2.6.2
9.5. Error Codes 9.5. Error Codes
This document establishes a registry for HTTP/QUIC error codes. The This document establishes a registry for HTTP/QUIC error codes. The
"HTTP/QUIC Error Code" registry manages a 16-bit space. The "HTTP/ "HTTP/QUIC Error Code" registry manages a 16-bit space. The "HTTP/
QUIC Error Code" registry operates under the "Expert Review" policy QUIC Error Code" registry operates under the "Expert Review" policy
[RFC8126]. [RFC8126].
Registrations for error codes are required to include a description Registrations for error codes are required to include a description
of the error code. An expert reviewer is advised to examine new of the error code. An expert reviewer is advised to examine new
skipping to change at page 33, line 7 skipping to change at page 36, line 20
Code: The 16-bit error code value. Code: The 16-bit error code value.
Description: A brief description of the error code semantics, longer Description: A brief description of the error code semantics, longer
if no detailed specification is provided. if no detailed specification is provided.
Specification: An optional reference for a specification that Specification: An optional reference for a specification that
defines the error code. defines the error code.
The entries in the following table are registered by this document. The entries in the following table are registered by this document.
+----------------------------+--------+------------+----------------+ +---------------------------+-------+--------------+----------------+
| Name | Code | Descriptio | Specification | | Name | Code | Description | Specification |
| | | n | | +---------------------------+-------+--------------+----------------+
+----------------------------+--------+------------+----------------+ | STOPPING | 0x000 | Reserved by | [QUIC-TRANSPOR |
| STOPPING | 0x0000 | Reserved | [QUIC-TRANSPOR | | | 0 | QUIC | T] |
| | | by QUIC | T] | | | | | |
| | | | | | HTTP_NO_ERROR | 0x000 | No error | Section 6.1 |
| HTTP_NO_ERROR | 0x0001 | No error | Section 6.1 | | | 1 | | |
| | | | | | | | | |
| HTTP_PUSH_REFUSED | 0x0002 | Client | Section 6.1 | | HTTP_PUSH_REFUSED | 0x000 | Client | Section 6.1 |
| | | refused | | | | 2 | refused | |
| | | pushed | | | | | pushed | |
| | | content | | | | | content | |
| | | | | | | | | |
| HTTP_INTERNAL_ERROR | 0x0003 | Internal | Section 6.1 | | HTTP_INTERNAL_ERROR | 0x000 | Internal | Section 6.1 |
| | | error | | | | 3 | error | |
| | | | | | | | | |
| HTTP_PUSH_ALREADY_IN_CACHE | 0x0004 | Pushed | Section 6.1 | | HTTP_PUSH_ALREADY_IN_CACH | 0x000 | Pushed | Section 6.1 |
| | | content | | | E | 4 | content | |
| | | already | | | | | already | |
| | | cached | | | | | cached | |
| | | | | | | | | |
| HTTP_REQUEST_CANCELLED | 0x0005 | Data no | Section 6.1 | | HTTP_REQUEST_CANCELLED | 0x000 | Data no | Section 6.1 |
| | | longer | | | | 5 | longer | |
| | | needed | | | | | needed | |
| | | | | | | | | |
| HTTP_HPACK_DECOMPRESSION_F | 0x0006 | HPACK | Section 6.1 | | HTTP_HPACK_DECOMPRESSION_ | 0x000 | HPACK cannot | Section 6.1 |
| AILED | | cannot | | | FAILED | 6 | continue | |
| | | continue | | | | | | |
| | | | | | HTTP_CONNECT_ERROR | 0x000 | TCP reset or | Section 6.1 |
| HTTP_CONNECT_ERROR | 0x0007 | TCP reset | Section 6.1 | | | 7 | error on | |
| | | or error | | | | | CONNECT | |
| | | on CONNECT | | | | | request | |
| | | request | | | | | | |
| | | | | | HTTP_EXCESSIVE_LOAD | 0x000 | Peer | Section 6.1 |
| HTTP_EXCESSIVE_LOAD | 0x0008 | Peer | Section 6.1 | | | 8 | generating | |
| | | generating | | | | | excessive | |
| | | excessive | | | | | load | |
| | | load | | | | | | |
| | | | | | HTTP_VERSION_FALLBACK | 0x000 | Retry over | Section 6.1 |
| HTTP_VERSION_FALLBACK | 0x0009 | Retry over | Section 6.1 | | | 9 | HTTP/2 | |
| | | HTTP/2 | | | | | | |
| | | | | | HTTP_WRONG_STREAM | 0x000 | A frame was | Section 6.1 |
| HTTP_WRONG_STREAM | 0x000A | A frame | Section 6.1 | | | A | sent on the | |
| | | was sent | | | | | wrong stream | |
| | | on the | | | | | | |
| | | wrong | | | HTTP_PUSH_LIMIT_EXCEEDED | 0x000 | Maximum Push | Section 6.1 |
| | | stream | | | | B | ID exceeded | |
| | | | | | | | | |
| HTTP_PUSH_LIMIT_EXCEEDED | 0x000B | Maximum | Section 6.1 | | HTTP_DUPLICATE_PUSH | 0x000 | Push ID was | Section 6.1 |
| | | Push ID | | | | C | fulfilled | |
| | | exceeded | | | | | multiple | |
| | | | | | | | times | |
| HTTP_DUPLICATE_PUSH | 0x000C | Push ID | Section 6.1 | | | | | |
| | | was | | | HTTP_UNKNOWN_STREAM_TYPE | 0x000 | Unknown unid | Section 6.1 |
| | | fulfilled | | | | D | irectional | |
| | | multiple | | | | | stream type | |
| | | times | | | | | | |
| | | | | | HTTP_WRONG_STREAM_COUNT | 0x000 | Too many uni | Section 6.1 |
| HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME | 0x01XX | Error in | Section 6.1 | | | E | directional | |
| | | frame | | | | | streams | |
| | | formatting | | | | | | |
| | | or use | | | HTTP_CLOSED_CRITICAL_STRE | 0x000 | Critical | Section 6.1 |
+----------------------------+--------+------------+----------------+ | AM | F | stream was | |
| | | closed | |
| | | | |
| HTTP_WRONG_STREAM_DIRECTI | 0x001 | Unidirection | Section 6.1 |
| ON | 0 | al stream in | |
| | | wrong | |
| | | direction | |
| | | | |
| HTTP_MALFORMED_FRAME | 0x01X | Error in | Section 6.1 |
| | X | frame | |
| | | formatting | |
| | | or use | |
+---------------------------+-------+--------------+----------------+
9.6. Stream Types
This document establishes a registry for HTTP/QUIC unidirectional
stream types. The "HTTP/QUIC Stream Type" registry manages an 8-bit
space. The "HTTP/QUIC Stream Type" registry operates under either of
the "IETF Review" or "IESG Approval" policies [RFC8126] for values
from 0x00 up to and including 0xef, with values from 0xf0 up to and
including 0xff being reserved for Experimental Use.
New entries in this registry require the following information:
Stream Type: A name or label for the stream type.
Code: The 8-bit code assigned to the stream type.
Specification: A reference to a specification that includes a
description of the stream type, including the layout semantics of
its payload.
Sender: Which endpoint on a connection may initiate a stream of this
type. Values are "Client", "Server", or "Both".
The entries in the following table are registered by this document.
+----------------+------+---------------+--------+
| Stream Type | Code | Specification | Sender |
+----------------+------+---------------+--------+
| Control Stream | 0x43 | Section 3.3.1 | Both |
| | | | |
| Push Stream | 0x50 | Section 3.3.2 | Server |
+----------------+------+---------------+--------+
10. References 10. References
10.1. Normative References 10.1. Normative References
[QPACK] Krasic, C., Bishop, M., and A. Frindell, Ed., "QPACK: [QPACK] Krasic, C., Bishop, M., and A. Frindell, Ed., "QPACK:
Header Compression for HTTP over QUIC", draft-ietf-quic- Header Compression for HTTP over QUIC", draft-ietf-quic-
qpack-00 (work in progress), May 2018. qpack-01 (work in progress), June 2018.
[QUIC-TRANSPORT] [QUIC-TRANSPORT]
Iyengar, J., Ed. and M. Thomson, Ed., "QUIC: A UDP-Based Iyengar, J., Ed. and M. Thomson, Ed., "QUIC: A UDP-Based
Multiplexed and Secure Transport", draft-ietf-quic- Multiplexed and Secure Transport", draft-ietf-quic-
transport-11 (work in progress), May 2018. transport-12 (work in progress), June 2018.
[RFC0793] Postel, J., "Transmission Control Protocol", STD 7, [RFC0793] Postel, J., "Transmission Control Protocol", STD 7,
RFC 793, DOI 10.17487/RFC0793, September 1981, RFC 793, DOI 10.17487/RFC0793, September 1981,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc793>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc793>.
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.
skipping to change at page 36, line 5 skipping to change at page 40, line 18
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8126>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8126>.
10.3. URIs 10.3. URIs
[1] https://mailarchive.ietf.org/arch/search/?email_list=quic [1] https://mailarchive.ietf.org/arch/search/?email_list=quic
[2] https://github.com/quicwg [2] https://github.com/quicwg
[3] https://github.com/quicwg/base-drafts/labels/-http [3] https://github.com/quicwg/base-drafts/labels/-http
Appendix A. Contributors Appendix A. Change Log
The original authors of this specification were Robbie Shade and Mike *RFC Editor's Note:* Please remove this section prior to
Warres. publication of a final version of this document.
A substantial portion of Mike's contribution was supported by A.1. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-12
Microsoft during his employment there.
Appendix B. Change Log o TLS SNI extension isn't mandatory if an alternative method is used
(#1459, #1462, #1466)
*RFC Editor's Note:* Please remove this section prior to o Removed flags from HTTP/QUIC frames (#1388, #1398)
publication of a final version of this document.
B.1. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-11 o Reserved frame types and settings for use in preserving
extensibility (#1333, #1446)
o Added general error code (#1391, #1397)
o Unidirectional streams carry a type byte and are extensible
(#910,#1359)
o Priority mechanism now uses explicit placeholders to enable
persistent structure in the tree (#441,#1421,#1422)
A.2. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-11
o Moved QPACK table updates and acknowledgments to dedicated streams o Moved QPACK table updates and acknowledgments to dedicated streams
(#1121, #1122, #1238) (#1121, #1122, #1238)
B.2. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-10 A.3. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-10
o Settings need to be remembered when attempting and accepting 0-RTT o Settings need to be remembered when attempting and accepting 0-RTT
(#1157, #1207) (#1157, #1207)
B.3. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-09 A.4. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-09
o Selected QCRAM for header compression (#228, #1117) o Selected QCRAM for header compression (#228, #1117)
o The server_name TLS extension is now mandatory (#296, #495) o The server_name TLS extension is now mandatory (#296, #495)
o Specified handling of unsupported versions in Alt-Svc (#1093, o Specified handling of unsupported versions in Alt-Svc (#1093,
#1097) #1097)
B.4. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-08 A.5. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-08
o Clarified connection coalescing rules (#940, #1024) o Clarified connection coalescing rules (#940, #1024)
B.5. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-07 A.6. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-07
o Changes for integer encodings in QUIC (#595,#905) o Changes for integer encodings in QUIC (#595,#905)
o Use unidirectional streams as appropriate (#515, #240, #281, #886) o Use unidirectional streams as appropriate (#515, #240, #281, #886)
o Improvement to the description of GOAWAY (#604, #898) o Improvement to the description of GOAWAY (#604, #898)
o Improve description of server push usage (#947, #950, #957) o Improve description of server push usage (#947, #950, #957)
B.6. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-06 A.7. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-06
o Track changes in QUIC error code usage (#485) o Track changes in QUIC error code usage (#485)
B.7. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-05 A.8. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-05
o Made push ID sequential, add MAX_PUSH_ID, remove o Made push ID sequential, add MAX_PUSH_ID, remove
SETTINGS_ENABLE_PUSH (#709) SETTINGS_ENABLE_PUSH (#709)
o Guidance about keep-alive and QUIC PINGs (#729) o Guidance about keep-alive and QUIC PINGs (#729)
o Expanded text on GOAWAY and cancellation (#757) o Expanded text on GOAWAY and cancellation (#757)
B.8. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-04 A.9. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-04
o Cite RFC 5234 (#404) o Cite RFC 5234 (#404)
o Return to a single stream per request (#245,#557) o Return to a single stream per request (#245,#557)
o Use separate frame type and settings registries from HTTP/2 (#81) o Use separate frame type and settings registries from HTTP/2 (#81)
o SETTINGS_ENABLE_PUSH instead of SETTINGS_DISABLE_PUSH (#477) o SETTINGS_ENABLE_PUSH instead of SETTINGS_DISABLE_PUSH (#477)
o Restored GOAWAY (#696) o Restored GOAWAY (#696)
skipping to change at page 37, line 29 skipping to change at page 42, line 4
o Cite RFC 5234 (#404) o Cite RFC 5234 (#404)
o Return to a single stream per request (#245,#557) o Return to a single stream per request (#245,#557)
o Use separate frame type and settings registries from HTTP/2 (#81) o Use separate frame type and settings registries from HTTP/2 (#81)
o SETTINGS_ENABLE_PUSH instead of SETTINGS_DISABLE_PUSH (#477) o SETTINGS_ENABLE_PUSH instead of SETTINGS_DISABLE_PUSH (#477)
o Restored GOAWAY (#696) o Restored GOAWAY (#696)
o Identify server push using Push ID rather than a stream ID o Identify server push using Push ID rather than a stream ID
(#702,#281) (#702,#281)
o DATA frames cannot be empty (#700) o DATA frames cannot be empty (#700)
B.9. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-03 A.10. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-03
None. None.
B.10. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-02 A.11. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-02
o Track changes in transport draft o Track changes in transport draft
B.11. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-01 A.12. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-01
o SETTINGS changes (#181): o SETTINGS changes (#181):
* SETTINGS can be sent only once at the start of a connection; no * SETTINGS can be sent only once at the start of a connection; no
changes thereafter changes thereafter
* SETTINGS_ACK removed * SETTINGS_ACK removed
* Settings can only occur in the SETTINGS frame a single time * Settings can only occur in the SETTINGS frame a single time
* Boolean format updated * Boolean format updated
o Alt-Svc parameter changed from "v" to "quic"; format updated o Alt-Svc parameter changed from "v" to "quic"; format updated
(#229) (#229)
o Closing the connection control stream or any message control o Closing the connection control stream or any message control
stream is a fatal error (#176) stream is a fatal error (#176)
o HPACK Sequence counter can wrap (#173) o HPACK Sequence counter can wrap (#173)
skipping to change at page 38, line 19 skipping to change at page 42, line 43
o Closing the connection control stream or any message control o Closing the connection control stream or any message control
stream is a fatal error (#176) stream is a fatal error (#176)
o HPACK Sequence counter can wrap (#173) o HPACK Sequence counter can wrap (#173)
o 0-RTT guidance added o 0-RTT guidance added
o Guide to differences from HTTP/2 and porting HTTP/2 extensions o Guide to differences from HTTP/2 and porting HTTP/2 extensions
added (#127,#242) added (#127,#242)
B.12. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-00 A.13. Since draft-ietf-quic-http-00
o Changed "HTTP/2-over-QUIC" to "HTTP/QUIC" throughout (#11,#29) o Changed "HTTP/2-over-QUIC" to "HTTP/QUIC" throughout (#11,#29)
o Changed from using HTTP/2 framing within Stream 3 to new framing o Changed from using HTTP/2 framing within Stream 3 to new framing
format and two-stream-per-request model (#71,#72,#73) format and two-stream-per-request model (#71,#72,#73)
o Adopted SETTINGS format from draft-bishop-httpbis-extended- o Adopted SETTINGS format from draft-bishop-httpbis-extended-
settings-01 settings-01
o Reworked SETTINGS_ACK to account for indeterminate inter-stream o Reworked SETTINGS_ACK to account for indeterminate inter-stream
order (#75) order (#75)
o Described CONNECT pseudo-method (#95) o Described CONNECT pseudo-method (#95)
o Updated ALPN token and Alt-Svc guidance (#13,#87) o Updated ALPN token and Alt-Svc guidance (#13,#87)
o Application-layer-defined error codes (#19,#74) o Application-layer-defined error codes (#19,#74)
B.13. Since draft-shade-quic-http2-mapping-00 A.14. Since draft-shade-quic-http2-mapping-00
o Adopted as base for draft-ietf-quic-http o Adopted as base for draft-ietf-quic-http
o Updated authors/editors list o Updated authors/editors list
Acknowledgements
The original authors of this specification were Robbie Shade and Mike
Warres.
A substantial portion of Mike's contribution was supported by
Microsoft during his employment there.
Author's Address Author's Address
Mike Bishop (editor) Mike Bishop (editor)
Akamai Akamai
Email: mbishop@evequefou.be Email: mbishop@evequefou.be
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