draft-ietf-ospf-xaf-te-07.txt   rfc8687.txt 
LSR A. Smirnov Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) A. Smirnov
Internet-Draft Cisco Systems, Inc. Request for Comments: 8687 Cisco Systems, Inc.
Updates: 5786 (if approved) A. Retana Updates: 5786 A. Retana
Intended status: Standards Track Futurewei Technologies, Inc. Category: Standards Track Futurewei Technologies, Inc.
Expires: February 16, 2020 M. Barnes ISSN: 2070-1721 M. Barnes
August 15, 2019 November 2019
OSPF Routing with Cross-Address Family Traffic Engineering Tunnels OSPF Routing with Cross-Address Family Traffic Engineering Tunnels
draft-ietf-ospf-xaf-te-07
Abstract Abstract
When using Traffic Engineering (TE) in a dual-stack IPv4/IPv6 When using Traffic Engineering (TE) in a dual-stack IPv4/IPv6
network, the Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) TE Label Switched network, the Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) TE Label Switched
Paths (LSP) infrastructure may be duplicated, even if the destination Path (LSP) infrastructure may be duplicated, even if the destination
IPv4 and IPv6 addresses belong to the same remote router. In order IPv4 and IPv6 addresses belong to the same remote router. In order
to achieve an integrated MPLS TE LSP infrastructure, OSPF routes must to achieve an integrated MPLS TE LSP infrastructure, OSPF routes must
be computed over MPLS TE tunnels created using information propagated be computed over MPLS TE tunnels created using information propagated
in another OSPF instance. This issue is solved by advertising cross- in another OSPF instance. This issue is solved by advertising cross-
address family (X-AF) OSPF TE information. address family (X-AF) OSPF TE information.
This document describes an update to RFC5786 that allows for the easy This document describes an update to RFC 5786 that allows for the
identification of a router's local X-AF IP addresses. easy identification of a router's local X-AF IP addresses.
Status of This Memo Status of This Memo
This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the This is an Internet Standards Track document.
provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.
Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute
working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-
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Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has
time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference received public review and has been approved for publication by the
material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on
Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841.
This Internet-Draft will expire on February 16, 2020. Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8687.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
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described in the Simplified BSD License. described in the Simplified BSD License.
Table of Contents Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1. Introduction
2. Requirements Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2. Requirements Language
3. Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3. Operation
4. Backward Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 4. Backward Compatibility
4.1. Automatically Switched Optical Networks . . . . . . . . . 6 4.1. Automatically Switched Optical Networks
5. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 5. Security Considerations
6. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 6. IANA Considerations
7. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7. References
8. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7.1. Normative References
8.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7.2. Informative References
8.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Acknowledgements
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Authors' Addresses
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
TE Extensions to OSPFv2 [RFC3630] and OSPFv3 [RFC5329] have been TE extensions to OSPFv2 [RFC3630] and OSPFv3 [RFC5329] have been
described to support intra-area TE in IPv4 and IPv6 networks, described to support intra-area TE in IPv4 and IPv6 networks,
respectively. In both cases, the TE database provides a tight respectively. In both cases, the TE database provides a tight
coupling between the routed protocol and advertised TE signaling coupling between the routed protocol and advertised TE signaling
information. In other words, any use of the TE database is limited information. In other words, any use of the TE database is limited
to IPv4 for OSPFv2 [RFC2328] and IPv6 for OSPFv3 [RFC5340]. to IPv4 for OSPFv2 [RFC2328] and IPv6 for OSPFv3 [RFC5340].
In a dual stack network, it may be desirable to set up common MPLS TE In a dual-stack network, it may be desirable to set up common MPLS TE
LSPs to carry traffic destined to addresses from different address LSPs to carry traffic destined to addresses from different address
families on a router. The use of common LSPs eases potential families on a router. The use of common LSPs eases potential
scalability and management concerns by halving the number of LSPs in scalability and management concerns by halving the number of LSPs in
the network. Besides, it allows operators to group traffic based on the network. Besides, it allows operators to group traffic based on
business characteristics and/or applications or class of service, not business characteristics, class of service, and/or applications; the
constrained by the network protocol used. operators are not constrained by the network protocol used.
For example, an LSP created based on MPLS TE information propagated For example, an LSP created based on MPLS TE information propagated
by an OSPFv2 instance can be used to transport both IPv4 and IPv6 by an OSPFv2 instance can be used to transport both IPv4 and IPv6
traffic, as opposed to using both OSPFv2 and OSPFv3 to provision a traffic, as opposed to using both OSPFv2 and OSPFv3 to provision a
separate LSP for each address family. Even if in some cases the separate LSP for each address family. Even if, in some cases, the
address family-specific traffic is to be separated, calculation from address-family-specific traffic is to be separated, calculation from
a common TE database may prove to be operationally beneficial. a common TE database may prove to be operationally beneficial.
During the SPF calculation on the TE tunnel head-end router, OSPF During the SPF calculation on the TE tunnel head-end router, OSPF
computes shortcut routes using TE tunnels. A commonly used algorithm computes shortcut routes using TE tunnels. A commonly used algorithm
for computing shortcuts is defined in [RFC3906]. For that, or any for computing shortcuts is defined in [RFC3906]. For that or any
similar, algorithm to work with a common MPLS TE infrastructure in a similar algorithm to work with a common MPLS TE infrastructure in a
dual-stack network, a requirement is to reliably map the X-AF dual-stack network, a requirement is to reliably map the X-AF
addresses to the corresponding tail-end router. This mapping is a addresses to the corresponding tail-end router. This mapping is a
challenge because the LSAs containing the routing information are challenge because the Link State Advertisements (LSAs) containing the
carried in one OSPF instance while the TE calculations may be done routing information are carried in one OSPF instance, while the TE
using a TE database from a different OSPF instance. calculations may be done using a TE database from a different OSPF
instance.
A simple solution to this problem is to rely on the Router ID to A simple solution to this problem is to rely on the Router ID to
identify a node in the corresponding OSPFv2 and OSPFv3 link state identify a node in the corresponding OSPFv2 and OSPFv3 Link State
databases (LSDBs). This solution would mandate both instances on the Databases (LSDBs). This solution would mandate both instances on the
same router to be configured with the same Router ID. However, same router to be configured with the same Router ID. However,
relying on the correctness of configuration puts additional burden relying on the correctness of configuration puts additional burden
and cost on the operation of the network. The network becomes even and cost on the operation of the network. The network becomes even
more difficult to manage if OSPFv2 and OSPFv3 topologies do not match more difficult to manage if OSPFv2 and OSPFv3 topologies do not match
exactly, for example if area borders are chosen differently in the exactly, for example, if area borders are chosen differently in the
two protocols. Also, if the routing processes do fall out of sync two protocols. Also, if the routing processes do fall out of sync
(e.g., having different Router IDs for local administrative reasons), (e.g., having different Router IDs for local administrative reasons),
there is no defined way for other routers to discover such there is no defined way for other routers to discover such
misalignment and to take corrective measures (such as to avoid misalignment and to take corrective measures (such as to avoid
routing traffic through affected TE tunnels or alerting the network routing traffic through affected TE tunnels or alerting the network
administrators). The use of misaligned Router IDs may result in administrators). The use of misaligned Router IDs may result in
delivering the traffic to the wrong tail-end router, which could lead delivering the traffic to the wrong tail-end router, which could lead
to suboptimal routing or even traffic loops. to suboptimal routing or even traffic loops.
This document describes an update to [RFC5786] that allows for the This document describes an update to [RFC5786] that allows for the
skipping to change at page 3, line 44 skipping to change at line 133
defined the Node IPv4 Local Address and Node IPv6 Local Address sub- defined the Node IPv4 Local Address and Node IPv6 Local Address sub-
TLVs of the Node Attribute TLV for a router to advertise additional TLVs of the Node Attribute TLV for a router to advertise additional
local IPv4 and IPv6 addresses. However, [RFC5786] did not describe local IPv4 and IPv6 addresses. However, [RFC5786] did not describe
the advertisement and usage of these sub-TLVs when the address family the advertisement and usage of these sub-TLVs when the address family
of the advertised local address differed from the address family of of the advertised local address differed from the address family of
the OSPF traffic engineering protocol. the OSPF traffic engineering protocol.
This document updates [RFC5786] so that a router can also announce This document updates [RFC5786] so that a router can also announce
one or more local X-AF addresses using the corresponding Local one or more local X-AF addresses using the corresponding Local
Address sub-TLV. Routers using the Node Attribute TLV [RFC5786] can Address sub-TLV. Routers using the Node Attribute TLV [RFC5786] can
include non-TE enabled interface addresses in their OSPF TE include non-TE-enabled interface addresses in their OSPF TE
advertisements, and also use the same sub-TLVs to carry X-AF advertisements and also use the same sub-TLVs to carry X-AF
information, facilitating the mapping described above. information, facilitating the mapping described above.
The method specified in this document can also be used to compute the The method specified in this document can also be used to compute the
X-AF mapping of the egress Label Switching Router (LSR) for sub-LSPs X-AF mapping of the egress Label Switching Router (LSR) for sub-LSPs
of a Point-to-Multipoint LSP [RFC4461]. Considerations of using of a Point-to-Multipoint LSP [RFC4461]. Considerations of using
Point-to-Multipoint MPLS TE for X-AF traffic forwarding is outside Point-to-Multipoint MPLS TE for X-AF traffic forwarding is outside
the scope of this document. the scope of this document.
2. Requirements Language 2. Requirements Language
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
"OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all BCP 14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
capitals, as shown here. capitals, as shown here.
3. Operation 3. Operation
To implement the X-AF routing technique described in this document, To implement the X-AF routing technique described in this document,
OSPFv2 will advertise the Node IPv6 Local Address sub-TLV and OSPFv3 OSPFv2 will advertise the Node IPv6 Local Address sub-TLV and OSPFv3
will advertise the Node IPv4 Local Address sub-TLV, possibly in will advertise the Node IPv4 Local Address sub-TLV, possibly in
addition to advertising other IP addresses as documented by addition to advertising other IP addresses as documented by
[RFC5786]. [RFC5786].
Multiple instances of OSPFv3 are needed if it is used for both IPv4 Multiple instances of OSPFv3 are needed if it is used for both IPv4
and IPv6 [RFC5838]. The operation in this section is described with and IPv6 [RFC5838]. The operation in this section is described with
OSPFv2 as the protocol used for IPv4; that is the most common case. OSPFv2 as the protocol used for IPv4; that is the most common case.
The case of OSPFv3 being used for IPv4 follows the same procedure as The case of OSPFv3 being used for IPv4 follows the same procedure as
what is indicated for OSPFv2 below. what is indicated for OSPFv2 below.
On a node that implements X-AF routing, each OSPF instance On a node that implements X-AF routing, each OSPF instance
advertises, using the Node Local Address sub-TLV, all X-AF IPv6 (for advertises, using the Node Local Address sub-TLV, all X-AF IPv6 (for
OSPFv2 instance) or IPv4 (for OSPFv3) addresses local to the router OSPFv2 instance) or IPv4 (for OSPFv3) addresses local to the router
that can be used by Constrained SPF (CSPF) to calculate MPLS TE LSPs: that can be used by the Constrained Shortest Path First (CSPF) to
calculate MPLS TE LSPs:
OSPF instance MUST advertise the IP address listed in the Router * The OSPF instance MUST advertise the IP address listed in the
Address TLV [RFC3630], [RFC5329] of the X-AF instance maintaining Router Address TLV [RFC3630] [RFC5329] of the X-AF instance
the TE database. maintaining the TE database.
OSPF instance SHOULD include additional local addresses advertised * The OSPF instance SHOULD include additional local addresses
by the X-AF OSPF instance in its Node Local Address sub-TLVs. advertised by the X-AF OSPF instance in its Node Local Address
sub-TLVs.
An implementation MAY advertise other local X-AF addresses. * An implementation MAY advertise other local X-AF addresses.
When TE information is advertised in an OSPF instance both natively When TE information is advertised in an OSPF instance, both natively
(i.e. as per RFC [RFC3630] or [RFC5329]) and as XAF Node Attribute (i.e., as per RFC [RFC3630] or [RFC5329]) and as X-AF Node Attribute
TLV it is left to local configuration to determine which TE database TLV, it is left to local configuration to determine which TE database
is used to compute routes for the OSPF instance. is used to compute routes for the OSPF instance.
On Area Border Routers (ABR), each advertised X-AF IP address MUST be On Area Border Routers (ABRs), each advertised X-AF IP address MUST
advertised into at most one area. If OSPFv2 and OSPFv3 area border be advertised into, at most, one area. If OSPFv2 and OSPFv3 ABRs
routers coincide (i.e., the areas for all OSPFv2 and OSPFv3 coincide (i.e., the areas for all OSPFv2 and OSPFv3 interfaces are
interfaces are the same), then the X-AF addresses MUST be advertised the same), then the X-AF addresses MUST be advertised into the same
into the same area in both instances. This allows other ABRs area in both instances. This allows other ABRs connected to the same
connected to the same set of areas to know with which area to set of areas to know with which area to associate computed MPLS TE
associate computed MPLS TE tunnels. tunnels.
During the X-AF routing calculation, X-AF IP addresses are used to During the X-AF routing calculation, X-AF IP addresses are used to
map locally created LSPs to tail-end routers in the Link State map locally created LSPs to tail-end routers in the LSDB. The
Database (LSDB). The mapping algorithm can be described as: mapping algorithm can be described as:
Walk the list of all MPLS TE tunnels for which the computing Walk the list of all MPLS TE tunnels for which the computing
router is a head-end. For each MPLS TE tunnel T: router is a head end. For each MPLS TE tunnel T:
1. If T's destination address is from the same address family as the 1. If T's destination address is from the same address family as
OSPF instance associated with the LSDB, then the extensions the OSPF instance associated with the LSDB, then the
defined in this document do not apply. extensions defined in this document do not apply.
2. Otherwise it is a X-AF MPLS TE tunnel. Note tunnel's destination 2. Otherwise, it is a X-AF MPLS TE tunnel. Note the tunnel's
IP address. destination IP address.
3. Walk the X-AF IP addresses in the LSDBs of all connected areas. 3. Walk the X-AF IP addresses in the LSDBs of all connected
If a matching IP address is found, advertised by router R in area areas. If a matching IP address is found, advertised by
A, then mark the tunnel T as belonging to area A and terminating router R in area A, then mark the tunnel T as belonging to
on tail-end router R. Assign the intra-area SPF cost to reach area A and terminating on tail-end router R. Assign the
router R within area A as the IGP cost of tunnel T. intra-area SPF cost to reach router R within area A as the IGP
cost of tunnel T.
After completing this calculation, each TE tunnel is associated with After completing this calculation, each TE tunnel is associated with
an area and tail-end router in terms of the routing LSDB of the an area and tail-end router in terms of the routing LSDB of the
computing OSPF instance and has a cost. computing OSPF instance and has a cost.
The algorithm described above is to be used only if Node Local The algorithm described above is to be used only if the Node Local
Address sub-TLV include X-AF information. Address sub-TLV includes X-AF information.
Note that for clarity of description the mapping algorithm is Note that, for clarity of description, the mapping algorithm is
specified as a single calculation. Actual implementations for the specified as a single calculation. Implementations may choose to
efficiency may choose to support equivalent mapping functionality support equivalent mapping functionality without implementing the
without implementing the algorithm exactly as it is described. algorithm as described.
As an example, consider a router in a dual-stack network respectively As an example, consider a router in a dual-stack network using OSPFv2
using OSPFv2 and OSPFv3 for IPv4 and IPv6 routing. Suppose the and OSPFv3 for IPv4 and IPv6 routing, respectively. Suppose the
OSPFv2 instance is used to propagate MPLS TE information and the OSPFv2 instance is used to propagate MPLS TE information and the
router is configured to accept TE LSPs terminating at local addresses router is configured to accept TE LSPs terminating at local addresses
198.51.100.1 and 198.51.100.2. The router advertises in OSPFv2 the 198.51.100.1 and 198.51.100.2. The router advertises in OSPFv2 the
IPv4 address 198.51.100.1 in the Router Address TLV, the additional IPv4 address 198.51.100.1 in the Router Address TLV, the additional
local IPv4 address 198.51.100.2 in the Node IPv4 Local Address sub- local IPv4 address 198.51.100.2 in the Node IPv4 Local Address sub-
TLV, and other Traffic Engineering TLVs as required by [RFC3630]. If TLV, and other TE TLVs as required by [RFC3630]. If the OSPFv3
the OSPFv3 instance in the network is enabled for X-AF TE routing instance in the network is enabled for X-AF TE routing (that is, to
(that is, to use MPLS TE LSPs computed by OSPFv2 for IPv6 routing), use MPLS TE LSPs computed by OSPFv2 for IPv6 routing), then the
then the OSPFv3 instance of the router will advertise the Node IPv4 OSPFv3 instance of the router will advertise the Node IPv4 Local
Local Address sub-TLV listing the local IPv4 addresses 198.51.100.1 Address sub-TLV listing the local IPv4 addresses 198.51.100.1 and
and 198.51.100.2. Other routers in the OSPFv3 network will use this 198.51.100.2. Other routers in the OSPFv3 network will use this
information to reliably identify this router as the egress LSR for information to reliably identify this router as the egress LSR for
MPLS TE LSPs terminating at either 198.51.100.1 or 198.51.100.2. MPLS TE LSPs terminating at either 198.51.100.1 or 198.51.100.2.
4. Backward Compatibility 4. Backward Compatibility
Only routers that serve as endpoints for one or more TE tunnels MUST Only routers that serve as endpoints for one or more TE tunnels MUST
be upgraded to support the procedures described herein: be upgraded to support the procedures described herein:
o Tunnel tailend routers advertise the Node IPv4 Local Address sub- * Tunnel tail-end routers advertise the Node IPv4 Local Address sub-
TLV and/or the Node IPv6 Local Address sub-TLV. TLV and/or the Node IPv6 Local Address sub-TLV.
o Tunnel headend routers perform the X-AF routing calculation. * Tunnel head-end routers perform the X-AF routing calculation.
Both the endpoints MUST be upgraded before the tailend starts Both the endpoints MUST be upgraded before the tail end starts
advertising the X-AF information. Other routers in the network do advertising the X-AF information. Other routers in the network do
not need to support X-AF procedures. not need to support X-AF procedures.
4.1. Automatically Switched Optical Networks 4.1. Automatically Switched Optical Networks
[RFC6827] updates [RFC5786] by defining extensions to be used in an [RFC6827] updates [RFC5786] by defining extensions to be used in an
Automatically Switched Optical Network (ASON). The Local TE Router Automatically Switched Optical Network (ASON). The Local TE Router
ID Sub-TLV is required for determining ASON reachability. The ID sub-TLV is required for determining ASON reachability. The
implication is that if the Local TE Router ID Sub-TLV is present in implication is that if the Local TE Router ID sub-TLV is present in
the Node Attribute TLV, then the procedures in [RFC6827] apply, the Node Attribute TLV, then the procedures in [RFC6827] apply,
regardless of whether any X-AF information is advertised. regardless of whether any X-AF information is advertised.
5. Security Considerations 5. Security Considerations
This document describes the use of the Local Address sub-TLVs to This document describes the use of the Local Address sub-TLVs to
provide X-AF information. The advertisement of these sub-TLVs, in provide X-AF information. The advertisement of these sub-TLVs, in
any OSPF instance, is not precluded by [RFC5786]. As such, no new any OSPF instance, is not precluded by [RFC5786]. As such, no new
security threats are introduced beyond the considerations in OSPFv2 security threats are introduced beyond the considerations in OSPFv2
[RFC2328], OSPFv3 [RFC5340], and [RFC5786]. [RFC2328], OSPFv3 [RFC5340], and [RFC5786].
The X-AF information is not used for SPF computation or normal The X-AF information is not used for SPF computation or normal
routing, so the mechanism specified here has no effect on IP routing. routing, so the mechanism specified here has no effect on IP routing.
However, generating incorrect information, or tampering with the sub- However, generating incorrect information or tampering with the sub-
TLVs may have an effect on traffic engineering computations. TLVs may have an effect on traffic engineering computations.
Specifically, TE traffic may be delivered to the wrong tail-end Specifically, TE traffic may be delivered to the wrong tail-end
router, which could lead to suboptimal routing, traffic loops, or router, which could lead to suboptimal routing, traffic loops, or
even expose the traffic to attacker inspection or modification. exposing the traffic to attacker inspection or modification. These
These threats are already present in other TE-related specifications, threats are already present in other TE-related specifications, and
and their considerations apply here as well, including [RFC3630] and their considerations apply here as well, including [RFC3630] and
[RFC5329]. [RFC5329].
6. IANA Considerations 6. IANA Considerations
This document has no IANA actions. This document has no IANA actions.
7. Acknowledgements 7. References
The authors would like to thank Peter Psenak and Eric Osborne for
early discussions and Acee Lindem for discussing compatibility with
ASON extensions. Also, Eric Vyncke, Ben Kaduk and Roman Danyliw
provided useful comments.
We would also like to thank the authors of RFC5786 for laying down
the foundation for this work.
8. References
8.1. Normative References 7.1. Normative References
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.
[RFC3630] Katz, D., Kompella, K., and D. Yeung, "Traffic Engineering [RFC3630] Katz, D., Kompella, K., and D. Yeung, "Traffic Engineering
(TE) Extensions to OSPF Version 2", RFC 3630, (TE) Extensions to OSPF Version 2", RFC 3630,
DOI 10.17487/RFC3630, September 2003, DOI 10.17487/RFC3630, September 2003,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3630>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3630>.
skipping to change at page 7, line 43 skipping to change at line 317
[RFC5786] Aggarwal, R. and K. Kompella, "Advertising a Router's [RFC5786] Aggarwal, R. and K. Kompella, "Advertising a Router's
Local Addresses in OSPF Traffic Engineering (TE) Local Addresses in OSPF Traffic Engineering (TE)
Extensions", RFC 5786, DOI 10.17487/RFC5786, March 2010, Extensions", RFC 5786, DOI 10.17487/RFC5786, March 2010,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5786>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5786>.
[RFC8174] Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC [RFC8174] Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174, 2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>. May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.
8.2. Informative References 7.2. Informative References
[RFC2328] Moy, J., "OSPF Version 2", STD 54, RFC 2328, [RFC2328] Moy, J., "OSPF Version 2", STD 54, RFC 2328,
DOI 10.17487/RFC2328, April 1998, DOI 10.17487/RFC2328, April 1998,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2328>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2328>.
[RFC3906] Shen, N. and H. Smit, "Calculating Interior Gateway [RFC3906] Shen, N. and H. Smit, "Calculating Interior Gateway
Protocol (IGP) Routes Over Traffic Engineering Tunnels", Protocol (IGP) Routes Over Traffic Engineering Tunnels",
RFC 3906, DOI 10.17487/RFC3906, October 2004, RFC 3906, DOI 10.17487/RFC3906, October 2004,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3906>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3906>.
skipping to change at page 8, line 25 skipping to change at line 348
R. Aggarwal, "Support of Address Families in OSPFv3", R. Aggarwal, "Support of Address Families in OSPFv3",
RFC 5838, DOI 10.17487/RFC5838, April 2010, RFC 5838, DOI 10.17487/RFC5838, April 2010,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5838>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5838>.
[RFC6827] Malis, A., Ed., Lindem, A., Ed., and D. Papadimitriou, [RFC6827] Malis, A., Ed., Lindem, A., Ed., and D. Papadimitriou,
Ed., "Automatically Switched Optical Network (ASON) Ed., "Automatically Switched Optical Network (ASON)
Routing for OSPFv2 Protocols", RFC 6827, Routing for OSPFv2 Protocols", RFC 6827,
DOI 10.17487/RFC6827, January 2013, DOI 10.17487/RFC6827, January 2013,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6827>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6827>.
Acknowledgements
The authors would like to thank Peter Psenak and Eric Osborne for
early discussions and Acee Lindem for discussing compatibility with
ASON extensions. Also, Eric Vyncke, Ben Kaduk, and Roman Danyliw
provided useful comments.
We would also like to thank the authors of RFC 5786 for laying down
the foundation for this work.
Authors' Addresses Authors' Addresses
Anton Smirnov Anton Smirnov
Cisco Systems, Inc. Cisco Systems, Inc.
De Kleetlaan 6a De Kleetlaan 6a
Diegem 1831 1831 Diegem
Belgium Belgium
Email: as@cisco.com Email: as@cisco.com
Alvaro Retana Alvaro Retana
Futurewei Technologies, Inc. Futurewei Technologies, Inc.
2330 Central Expressway 2330 Central Expressway
Santa Clara, CA 95050 Santa Clara, CA 95050
USA United States of America
Email: alvaro.retana@futurewei.com Email: alvaro.retana@futurewei.com
Michael Barnes Michael Barnes
Email: michael_barnes@usa.net Email: michael_barnes@usa.net
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