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PROPOSED STANDARD

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                      M. Bjorklund
Request for Comments: 8526                                Tail-f Systems
Updates: 6241, 7950                                     J. Schoenwaelder
Category: Standards Track                              Jacobs University
ISSN: 2070-1721                                                P. Shafer
                                                        Juniper Networks
                                                               K. Watsen
                                                         Watsen Networks
                                                               R. Wilton
                                                           Cisco Systems
                                                              March 2019


                   NETCONF Extensions to Support the
               Network Management Datastore Architecture

Abstract

   This document extends the Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF)
   defined in RFC 6241 in order to support the Network Management
   Datastore Architecture (NMDA) defined in RFC 8342.

   This document updates RFCs 6241 and 7950.  The update to RFC 6241
   adds new <get-data> and <edit-data> operations and augments existing
   <lock>, <unlock>, and <validate> operations.  The update to RFC 7950
   requires the usage of the YANG library (described in RFC 8525) by
   NETCONF servers implementing the NMDA.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8526.










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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................3
      1.1. Terminology ................................................3
      1.2. Tree Diagrams ..............................................3
   2. Datastore and YANG Library Requirements .........................3
   3. NETCONF Extensions ..............................................4
      3.1. New NETCONF Operations .....................................4
           3.1.1. The <get-data> Operation ............................4
           3.1.2. The <edit-data> Operation ..........................10
      3.2. Augmentations to NETCONF Operations .......................11
   4. NETCONF Datastores YANG Module .................................12
   5. IANA Considerations ............................................20
   6. Security Considerations ........................................21
   7. References .....................................................21
      7.1. Normative References ......................................21
      7.2. Informative References ....................................22
   Authors' Addresses ................................................23


















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1.  Introduction

   This document extends the NETCONF protocol defined in [RFC6241] in
   order to support the Network Management Datastore Architecture (NMDA)
   defined in [RFC8342].

   This document updates [RFC6241] in order to enable NETCONF clients to
   interact with all the datastores supported by a server implementing
   the NMDA.  The update both adds new <get-data> and <edit-data>
   operations and augments existing <lock>, <unlock>, and <validate>
   operations.

   This document also updates [RFC7950] in order to enable NETCONF
   clients to both discover which datastores are supported by the
   NETCONF server and determine which modules are supported in each
   datastore.  The update requires NETCONF servers implementing the NMDA
   to support the YANG library [RFC8525].

1.1.  Terminology

   This document uses the terminology defined by the NMDA [RFC8342].

   The following term is defined in [RFC8525]:

   o  YANG library content identifier

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
   BCP 14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
   capitals, as shown here.

1.2.  Tree Diagrams

   Tree diagrams used in this document follow the notation defined in
   [RFC8340].

2.  Datastore and YANG Library Requirements

   An NMDA-compliant NETCONF server MUST implement the
   "ietf-netconf-nmda" module defined in this document, MUST support the
   operational state datastore, and MUST implement at least revision
   2019-01-04 of the "ietf-yang-library" module defined in [RFC8525].

   A NETCONF client can discover which datastores and YANG modules the
   server supports by reading the YANG library information from the
   operational state datastore.




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   The server MUST advertise the following capability in the <hello>
   message (line breaks and whitespace are used for formatting reasons
   only):

     urn:ietf:params:netconf:capability:yang-library:1.1?
       revision=<date>&content-id=<content-id-value>

   The parameter "revision" has the same value as the revision date of
   the "ietf-yang-library" module implemented by the server.  This
   parameter MUST be present.

   The parameter "content-id" contains the YANG library content
   identifier [RFC8525].  This parameter MUST be present.

   With this mechanism, a client can cache the supported datastores and
   YANG modules for a server and only update the cache if the
   "content-id" value in the <hello> message changes.

   This document updates Section 5.6.4 of [RFC7950] to allow servers to
   advertise the capability :yang-library:1.1 instead of
   :yang-library:1.0 and to implement the subtree "/yang-library"
   [RFC8525] instead of "/modules-state".

3.  NETCONF Extensions

   This section describes the NETCONF extensions needed to support the
   NMDA.  These changes are defined in the new "ietf-netconf-nmda" YANG
   [RFC7950] module.

   These changes include the use of source and target parameters based
   on the "datastore" identity defined in the "ietf-datastores" module
   [RFC8342].  The use of identities allows future expansion in a way
   that the choice-based strategy from the original operations (e.g.,
   <get-config> and <edit-config>) does not.

3.1.  New NETCONF Operations

   Two new operations -- <get-data> and <edit-data> -- are defined in
   this document in order to support the NMDA.  These operations are
   similar to the <get-config> and <edit-config> operations, but they
   can work on an extensible set of datastores.

3.1.1.  The <get-data> Operation

   The <get-data> operation retrieves data from a specific NMDA
   datastore.  This operation is similar to NETCONF's <get-config>
   operation defined in [RFC6241], but it adds the flexibility to select
   the source datastore.



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   +---x get-data
      +---w input
      |  +---w datastore                      ds:datastore-ref
      |  +---w (filter-spec)?
      |  |  +--:(subtree-filter)
      |  |  |  +---w subtree-filter?          <anydata>
      |  |  +--:(xpath-filter)
      |  |     +---w xpath-filter?            yang:xpath1.0 {nc:xpath}?
      |  +---w config-filter?                 boolean
      |  +---w (origin-filters)? {origin}?
      |  |  +--:(origin-filter)
      |  |  |  +---w origin-filter*           or:origin-ref
      |  |  +--:(negated-origin-filter)
      |  |     +---w negated-origin-filter*   or:origin-ref
      |  +---w max-depth?                     union
      |  +---w with-origin?                   empty {origin}?
      |  +---w with-defaults?                 with-defaults-mode
      +--ro output
         +--ro data?   <anydata>

   The "datastore" parameter indicates the datastore that is the source
   of the data to be retrieved.  This is a "datastore" identity.

   The <get-data> operation accepts a content filter parameter, similar
   to the "filter" parameter of <get-config>, but uses explicit nodes
   for subtree filtering ("subtree-filter") and XPath filtering
   ("xpath-filter").

   The "config-filter" parameter can be used to retrieve only "config
   true" or "config false" nodes.

   The "origin-filter" parameter, which can be present multiple times,
   selects nodes equal to or derived from any of the given values.  The
   "negated-origin-filter", which can be present multiple times, selects
   nodes that are not equal to or derived from any of the given values.
   The "origin-filter" and "negated-origin-filter" parameters cannot be
   used together.

   The "max-depth" parameter can be used by the client to limit the
   number of subtree levels that are returned in the reply.

3.1.1.1.  "origin" Metadata Annotation

   The <get-data> operation defines a parameter named "with-origin",
   which if present, requests that the server includes "origin" metadata
   annotations in its response, as detailed in the NMDA.  This parameter
   is only valid for the operational state datastore and any datastores
   with identities derived from the "operational" identity.  Otherwise,



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   if an invalid datastore is specified then an error is returned, as
   specified in the "ietf-netconf-nmda" module (see Section 4).  Note
   that "origin" metadata annotations are not included in a response
   unless a client explicitly requests them.

   Data in the operational state datastore can come from multiple
   sources.  The server should return the "origin" metadata annotation
   value that most accurately indicates the source of the operational
   value, as specified in Section 5.3.4 of [RFC8342].

   When encoding the "origin" metadata annotation for a hierarchy of
   returned nodes, the annotation may be omitted for a child node when
   the value matches that of the parent node, as described in the
   "ietf-origin" YANG module [RFC8342].

   Support for the "with-origin" parameter is OPTIONAL.  It is
   identified with the feature "origin".

3.1.1.2.  "with-defaults" Interactions

   If the "with-defaults" capability is supported by the server, then
   the "with-defaults" parameter, defined in [RFC6243], is supported for
   <get-data> operations that target conventional configuration
   datastores.

   Support for the "with-defaults" parameter is OPTIONAL for <get-data>
   operations that target <operational>.  The associated capability to
   indicate a server's support is identified with the URI:

     urn:ietf:params:netconf:capability:with-operational-defaults:1.0

   If the "with-defaults" parameter is supported for <get-data>
   operations on <operational>, then all retrieval modes specified in
   either the 'basic-mode' or 'also-supported' parameter of the
   "with-defaults" capability are permitted.  The behavior of the
   "with-defaults" parameter for <operational> is defined as below:

   o  If no "with-defaults" parameter is specified, or if it is set to
      "explicit", "report-all", or "report-all-tagged", then the "in
      use" values, as defined in Section 5.3 of [RFC8342], are returned
      from the operational state datastore, even if a node happens to
      have a default statement in the YANG module, and this default
      value is being used by the server.  If the "with-defaults"
      parameter is set to "report-all-tagged", any values that match the
      schema default are tagged with additional metadata, as described
      in Section 3.4 of [RFC6243].





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   o  If the "with-defaults" parameter is set to "trim", all "in use"
      values are returned, except that the output is filtered to exclude
      any values that match the default defined in the YANG schema.

   Support for "with-defaults" in <get-data> operations on any datastore
   not defined in [RFC8342] should be defined by the specification for
   the datastore.

3.1.1.3.  Example: Retrieving an Entire Subtree from <running>

   The following example shows the <get-data> version of the
   <get-config> example shown in Section 7.1 of [RFC6241], which selects
   the entire "/users" subtree:

   <rpc message-id="101"
        xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:netconf:base:1.0">
     <get-data xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-netconf-nmda"
               xmlns:ds="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-datastores">
       <datastore>ds:running</datastore>
       <subtree-filter>
         <top xmlns="http://example.com/schema/1.2/config">
           <users/>
         </top>
       </subtree-filter>
     </get-data>
   </rpc>

   <rpc-reply message-id="101"
        xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:netconf:base:1.0">
     <data xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-netconf-nmda">
       <top xmlns="http://example.com/schema/1.2/config">
         <users>
           <user>
             <name>root</name>
             <type>superuser</type>
             <full-name>Charlie Root</full-name>
             <company-info>
               <dept>1</dept>
               <id>1</id>
             </company-info>
           </user>
           <!-- additional <user> elements appear here... -->
         </users>
       </top>
     </data>
   </rpc-reply>





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3.1.1.4.  Example: Retrieving a Filtered Subtree from <operational>

   The following example shows how the "origin-filter" can be used to
   retrieve nodes from <operational>.  The example uses the fictional
   data model defined in Appendix C of [RFC8342].

   <rpc message-id="102"
        xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:netconf:base:1.0">
     <get-data xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-netconf-nmda"
               xmlns:ds="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-datastores"
               xmlns:or="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-origin">
       <datastore>ds:operational</datastore>
       <subtree-filter>
         <bgp xmlns="http://example.com/ns/bgp"/>
       </subtree-filter>
       <origin-filter>or:intended</origin-filter>
       <origin-filter>or:system</origin-filter>
       <with-origin/>
     </get-data>
   </rpc>

   <rpc-reply message-id="102"
       xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:netconf:base:1.0">
     <data xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-netconf-nmda">
       <bgp xmlns="http://example.com/ns/bgp"
            xmlns:or="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-origin"
            or:origin="or:intended">
         <peer>
           <name>2001:db8::2:3</name>
           <local-port or:origin="or:system">60794</local-port>
           <state>established</state>
         </peer>
       </bgp>
     </data>
   </rpc-reply>
















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   In order to not retrieve any system state nodes, the "config-filter"
   can be used:

   <rpc message-id="103"
        xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:netconf:base:1.0">
     <get-data xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-netconf-nmda"
               xmlns:ds="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-datastores"
               xmlns:or="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-origin">
       <datastore>ds:operational</datastore>
       <subtree-filter>
         <bgp xmlns="http://example.com/ns/bgp"/>
       </subtree-filter>
       <config-filter>true</config-filter>
       <origin-filter>or:intended</origin-filter>
       <origin-filter>or:system</origin-filter>
       <with-origin/>
     </get-data>
   </rpc>

   <rpc-reply message-id="103"
              xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:netconf:base:1.0">
     <data xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-netconf-nmda">
       <bgp xmlns="http://example.com/ns/bgp"
            xmlns:or="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-origin"
            or:origin="or:intended">
         <peer>
           <name>2001:db8::2:3</name>
           <local-port or:origin="or:system">60794</local-port>
         </peer>
       </bgp>
     </data>
   </rpc-reply>



















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3.1.2.  The <edit-data> Operation

   The <edit-data> operation changes the contents of a writable
   datastore, similar to the <edit-config> operation defined in
   [RFC6241] but with additional flexibility in naming the target
   datastore.  If an <edit-data> operation is invoked on a non-writable
   datastore, then an error is returned, as specified in the
   "ietf-netconf-nmda" module (see Section 4).

   +---x edit-data
      +---w input
         +---w datastore            ds:datastore-ref
         +---w default-operation?   enumeration
         +---w (edit-content)
            +--:(config)
            |  +---w config?        <anydata>
            +--:(url)
               +---w url?           inet:uri {nc:url}?

   The "datastore" parameter is a "datastore" identity that indicates
   the desired target datastore where changes should be made.

   The "default-operation" parameter selects the default operation to
   use.  It is a copy of the "default-operation" parameter of the
   <edit-config> operation.

   The "edit-content" parameter specifies the content for the edit
   operation.  It mirrors the "edit-content" choice of the <edit-config>
   operation.  Note, however, that the "config" element in the
   "edit-content" choice of <edit-data> uses "anydata" (introduced in
   YANG 1.1 [RFC7950]) while the "config" element in the "edit-content"
   choice of <edit-config> used "anyxml".

   The <edit-data> operation does not support the "error-option" and the
   "test-option" parameters that were part of the <edit-config>
   operation.  The error behavior of <edit-data> corresponds to the
   "rollback-on-error" value in the "error-option" parameter.

   If the "with-defaults" capability is supported by the server, the
   semantics of editing modes is the same as for <edit-config>, as
   described in Section 4.5.2 of [RFC6243].

   Semantics for "with-defaults" in <edit-data> operations on any non
   conventional configuration datastores should be defined by the
   specification for the datastore.






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3.1.2.1.  Example: Setting a Leaf of an Interface in <running>

   The following example shows the <edit-data> version of the first
   <edit-config> example in Section 7.2 of [RFC6241].  In this example,
   the MTU is set to 1500 on an interface named "Ethernet0/0" in the
   running configuration datastore.

   <rpc message-id="103"
        xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:netconf:base:1.0">
     <edit-data xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-netconf-nmda"
                xmlns:ds="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-datastores">
       <datastore>ds:running</datastore>
       <config>
         <top xmlns="http://example.com/schema/1.2/config">
           <interface>
             <name>Ethernet0/0</name>
             <mtu>1500</mtu>
           </interface>
         </top>
       </config>
     </edit-data>
   </rpc>

   <rpc-reply message-id="103"
        xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:netconf:base:1.0">
     <ok/>
   </rpc-reply>

   The other <edit-config> examples shown in Section 7.2 of [RFC6241]
   can be translated to <edit-data> examples in a similar way.

3.2.  Augmentations to NETCONF Operations

   Several of the operations defined in the base NETCONF YANG module
   "ietf-netconf" [RFC6241] may be used with new datastores.  Hence, the
   <lock>, <unlock>, and <validate> operations are augmented with a new
   "datastore" leaf that can select the desired datastore.  If a <lock>,
   <unlock>, or <validate> operation is not supported on a particular
   datastore, then an error is returned, as specified in the
   "ietf-netconf-nmda" module (see Section 4).











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4.  NETCONF Datastores YANG Module

   This module imports definitions from [RFC6991], [RFC6241], [RFC6243],
   and [RFC8342].

   <CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-netconf-nmda@2019-01-07.yang"

   module ietf-netconf-nmda {
     yang-version 1.1;
     namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-netconf-nmda";
     prefix ncds;

     import ietf-yang-types {
       prefix yang;
       reference
         "RFC 6991: Common YANG Data Types";
     }
     import ietf-inet-types {
       prefix inet;
       reference
         "RFC 6991: Common YANG Data Types";
     }
     import ietf-datastores {
       prefix ds;
       reference
         "RFC 8342: Network Management Datastore Architecture
                    (NMDA)";
     }
     import ietf-origin {
       prefix or;
       reference
         "RFC 8342: Network Management Datastore Architecture
                    (NMDA)";
     }
     import ietf-netconf {
       prefix nc;
       reference
         "RFC 6241: Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF)";
     }
     import ietf-netconf-with-defaults {
       prefix ncwd;
       reference
         "RFC 6243: With-defaults Capability for NETCONF";
     }

     organization
       "IETF NETCONF Working Group";




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     contact
       "WG Web:   <https://datatracker.ietf.org/wg/netconf/>

        WG List:  <mailto:netconf@ietf.org>

        Author:   Martin Bjorklund
                  <mailto:mbj@tail-f.com>

        Author:   Juergen Schoenwaelder
                  <mailto:j.schoenwaelder@jacobs-university.de>

        Author:   Phil Shafer
                  <mailto:phil@juniper.net>

        Author:   Kent Watsen
                  <mailto:kent+ietf@watsen.net>

        Author:   Robert Wilton
                  <mailto:rwilton@cisco.com>";
     description
       "This YANG module defines a set of NETCONF operations to support
        the Network Management Datastore Architecture (NMDA).

        The key words 'MUST', 'MUST NOT', 'REQUIRED', 'SHALL', 'SHALL
        NOT', 'SHOULD', 'SHOULD NOT', 'RECOMMENDED', 'NOT RECOMMENDED',
        'MAY', and 'OPTIONAL' in this document are to be interpreted as
        described in BCP 14 (RFC 2119) (RFC 8174) when, and only when,
        they appear in all capitals, as shown here.

        Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
        authors of the code.  All rights reserved.

        Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
        without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject to
        the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License set
        forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
        Relating to IETF Documents
        (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).

        This version of this YANG module is part of RFC 8526; see
        the RFC itself for full legal notices.";

     revision 2019-01-07 {
       description
         "Initial revision.";
       reference
         "RFC 8526: NETCONF Extensions to Support the Network Management
                    Datastore Architecture";



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     }

     feature origin {
       description
         "Indicates that the server supports the 'origin' annotation.";
       reference
         "RFC 8342: Network Management Datastore Architecture (NMDA)";
     }

     feature with-defaults {
       description
         "NETCONF :with-defaults capability.  If the server advertises
          the :with-defaults capability for a session, then this
          feature must also be enabled for that session.  Otherwise,
          this feature must not be enabled.";
       reference
         "RFC 6243: With-defaults Capability for NETCONF, Section 4; and
          RFC 8526: NETCONF Extensions to Support the Network Management
                    Datastore Architecture, Section 3.1.1.2";
     }

     rpc get-data {
       description
         "Retrieve data from an NMDA datastore.  The content returned
          by get-data must satisfy all filters, i.e., the filter
          criteria are logically ANDed.

          Any ancestor nodes (including list keys) of nodes selected by
          the filters are included in the response.

          The 'with-origin' parameter is only valid for an operational
          datastore.  If 'with-origin' is used with an invalid
          datastore, then the server MUST return an <rpc-error> element
          with an <error-tag> value of 'invalid-value'.

          The 'with-defaults' parameter only applies to the operational
          datastore if the NETCONF :with-defaults and
          :with-operational-defaults capabilities are both advertised.
          If the 'with-defaults' parameter is present in a request for
          which it is not supported, then the server MUST return an
          <rpc-error> element with an <error-tag> value of
          'invalid-value'.";
       input {
         leaf datastore {
           type ds:datastore-ref;
           mandatory true;





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           description
             "Datastore from which to retrieve data.

              If the datastore is not supported by the server, then the
              server MUST return an <rpc-error> element with an
              <error-tag> value of 'invalid-value'.";
         }
         choice filter-spec {
           description
             "The content filter specification for this request.";
           anydata subtree-filter {
             description
               "This parameter identifies the portions of the
                target datastore to retrieve.";
             reference
               "RFC 6241: Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF),
                          Section 6";
           }
           leaf xpath-filter {
             if-feature "nc:xpath";
             type yang:xpath1.0;
             description
               "This parameter contains an XPath expression identifying
                the portions of the target datastore to retrieve.

                If the expression returns a node-set, all nodes in the
                node-set are selected by the filter.  Otherwise, if the
                expression does not return a node-set, then the
                <get-data> operation fails.

                The expression is evaluated in the following XPath
                context:

                  o  The set of namespace declarations are those in
                     scope on the 'xpath-filter' leaf element.

                  o  The set of variable bindings is empty.

                  o  The function library is the core function library,
                     and the XPath functions are defined in Section 10
                     of RFC 7950.

                  o  The context node is the root node of the target
                     datastore.";
           }
         }
         leaf config-filter {
           type boolean;



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           description
             "Filter for nodes with the given value for their 'config'
              property.  When this leaf is set to 'true', only 'config
              true' nodes are selected, and when set to 'false', only
              'config false' nodes are selected.  If this leaf is not
              present, no nodes are filtered.";
         }
         choice origin-filters {
           when 'derived-from-or-self(datastore, "ds:operational")';
           if-feature "origin";
           description
             "Filters configuration nodes based on the 'origin'
              annotation.  Configuration nodes that do not have an
              'origin' annotation are treated as if they have the
              'origin' annotation 'or:unknown'.

              System state nodes are not affected by origin-filters and
              thus not filtered.  Note that system state nodes can be
              filtered with the 'config-filter' leaf.";

           leaf-list origin-filter {
             type or:origin-ref;
             description
               "Filter based on the 'origin' annotation.  A
                configuration node matches the filter if its 'origin'
                annotation is derived from or equal to any of the given
                filter values.";
           }
           leaf-list negated-origin-filter {
             type or:origin-ref;
             description
               "Filter based on the 'origin' annotation.  A
                configuration node matches the filter if its 'origin'
                annotation is neither derived from nor equal to any of
                the given filter values.";
           }
         }
         leaf max-depth {
           type union {
             type uint16 {
               range "1..65535";
             }
             type enumeration {
               enum unbounded {
                 description
                   "All descendant nodes are included.";
               }
             }



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           }
           default "unbounded";
           description
             "For each node selected by the filters, this parameter
              selects how many conceptual subtree levels should be
              returned in the reply.  If the depth is 1, the reply
              includes just the selected nodes but no children.  If the
              depth is 'unbounded', all descendant nodes are included.";
         }
         leaf with-origin {
           when 'derived-from-or-self(../datastore, "ds:operational")';
           if-feature "origin";
           type empty;
           description
             "If this parameter is present, the server will return
              the 'origin' annotation for the nodes that have one.";
         }
         uses ncwd:with-defaults-parameters {
           if-feature "with-defaults";
         }
       }
       output {
         anydata data {
           description
             "Copy of the source datastore subset that matched
              the filter criteria (if any).  An empty data
              container indicates that the request did not
              produce any results.";
         }
       }
     }

     rpc edit-data {
       description
         "Edit data in an NMDA datastore.

          If an error condition occurs such that an error severity
          <rpc-error> element is generated, the server will stop
          processing the <edit-data> operation and restore the
          specified configuration to its complete state at
          the start of this <edit-data> operation.";
       input {
         leaf datastore {
           type ds:datastore-ref;
           mandatory true;






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           description
             "Datastore that is the target of the <edit-data> operation.

              If the target datastore is not writable, or is not
              supported by the server, then the server MUST return an
              <rpc-error> element with an <error-tag> value of
              'invalid-value'.";
         }
         leaf default-operation {
           type enumeration {
             enum merge {
               description
                 "The default operation is merge.";
             }
             enum replace {
               description
                 "The default operation is replace.";
             }
             enum none {
               description
                 "There is no default operation.";
             }
           }
           default "merge";
           description
             "The default operation to use.";
         }
         choice edit-content {
           mandatory true;
           description
             "The content for the edit operation.";
           anydata config {
             description
               "Inline config content.";
           }
           leaf url {
             if-feature "nc:url";
             type inet:uri;
             description
               "URL-based config content.";
           }
         }
       }
     }

     /*
      * Augment the <lock> and <unlock> operations with a
      * "datastore" parameter.



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      */

     augment "/nc:lock/nc:input/nc:target/nc:config-target" {
       description
         "Add NMDA datastore as target.";
       leaf datastore {
         type ds:datastore-ref;
         description
           "Datastore to lock.

            The <lock> operation is only supported on writable
            datastores.

            If the <lock> operation is not supported by the server on
            the specified target datastore, then the server MUST return
            an <rpc-error> element with an <error-tag> value of
            'invalid-value'.";
       }
     }

     augment "/nc:unlock/nc:input/nc:target/nc:config-target" {
       description
         "Add NMDA datastore as target.";
       leaf datastore {
         type ds:datastore-ref;
         description
           "Datastore to unlock.

            The <unlock> operation is only supported on writable
            datastores.

            If the <unlock> operation is not supported by the server on
            the specified target datastore, then the server MUST return
            an <rpc-error> element with an <error-tag> value of
            'invalid-value'.";
       }
     }

     /*
      * Augment the <validate> operation with a
      * "datastore" parameter.
      */

     augment "/nc:validate/nc:input/nc:source/nc:config-source" {
       description
         "Add NMDA datastore as source.";
       leaf datastore {
         type ds:datastore-ref;



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         description
           "Datastore to validate.

            The <validate> operation is supported only on configuration
            datastores.

            If the <validate> operation is not supported by the server
            on the specified target datastore, then the server MUST
            return an <rpc-error> element with an <error-tag> value of
            'invalid-value'.";
       }
     }
   }

   <CODE ENDS>

5.  IANA Considerations

   This document registers two capability identifier URNs in the
   "Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF) Capability URNs" registry:

     Index
     Capability Identifier
     ---------------------
     :yang-library:1.1
     urn:ietf:params:netconf:capability:yang-library:1.1

     :with-operational-defaults
     urn:ietf:params:netconf:capability:with-operational-defaults:1.0

   This document registers a URI in the "IETF XML Registry" [RFC3688].
   Following the format in RFC 3688, the following registration has been
   made.

     URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-netconf-nmda

     Registrant Contact: The IESG.

     XML: N/A, the requested URI is an XML namespace.

   This document registers a YANG module in the "YANG Module Names"
   registry [RFC6020].

     name:         ietf-netconf-nmda
     namespace:    urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-netconf-nmda
     prefix:       ncds
     reference:    RFC 8526




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6.  Security Considerations

   The YANG module defined in this document extends the base operations
   of the NETCONF [RFC6241] protocol.  The lowest NETCONF layer is the
   secure transport layer and the mandatory-to-implement secure
   transport is Secure Shell (SSH) [RFC6242].

   The Network Configuration Access Control Model (NACM) [RFC8341]
   provides the means to restrict access for particular NETCONF users to
   a preconfigured subset of all available NETCONF protocol operations
   and content.

   The security considerations for the base NETCONF protocol operations
   (see Section 9 of [RFC6241]) apply to the new NETCONF <get-data> and
   <edit-data> operations defined in this document.

7.  References

7.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC3688]  Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3688, January 2004,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3688>.

   [RFC6020]  Bjorklund, M., Ed., "YANG - A Data Modeling Language for
              the Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF)", RFC 6020,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC6020, October 2010,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6020>.

   [RFC6241]  Enns, R., Ed., Bjorklund, M., Ed., Schoenwaelder, J., Ed.,
              and A. Bierman, Ed., "Network Configuration Protocol
              (NETCONF)", RFC 6241, DOI 10.17487/RFC6241, June 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6241>.

   [RFC6242]  Wasserman, M., "Using the NETCONF Protocol over Secure
              Shell (SSH)", RFC 6242, DOI 10.17487/RFC6242, June 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6242>.

   [RFC6243]  Bierman, A. and B. Lengyel, "With-defaults Capability for
              NETCONF", RFC 6243, DOI 10.17487/RFC6243, June 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6243>.





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   [RFC6991]  Schoenwaelder, J., Ed., "Common YANG Data Types",
              RFC 6991, DOI 10.17487/RFC6991, July 2013,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6991>.

   [RFC7950]  Bjorklund, M., Ed., "The YANG 1.1 Data Modeling Language",
              RFC 7950, DOI 10.17487/RFC7950, August 2016,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7950>.

   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.

   [RFC8341]  Bierman, A. and M. Bjorklund, "Network Configuration
              Access Control Model", STD 91, RFC 8341,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8341, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8341>.

   [RFC8342]  Bjorklund, M., Schoenwaelder, J., Shafer, P., Watsen, K.,
              and R. Wilton, "Network Management Datastore Architecture
              (NMDA)", RFC 8342, DOI 10.17487/RFC8342, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8342>.

   [RFC8525]  Bierman, A., Bjorklund, M., Schoenwaelder, J., Watsen, K.,
              and R. Wilton, "YANG Library", RFC 8525,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8525, March 2019,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8525>.

7.2.  Informative References

   [RFC8340]  Bjorklund, M. and L. Berger, Ed., "YANG Tree Diagrams",
              BCP 215, RFC 8340, DOI 10.17487/RFC8340, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8340>.



















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Authors' Addresses

   Martin Bjorklund
   Tail-f Systems

   Email: mbj@tail-f.com


   Juergen Schoenwaelder
   Jacobs University

   Email: j.schoenwaelder@jacobs-university.de


   Phil Shafer
   Juniper Networks

   Email: phil@juniper.net


   Kent Watsen
   Watsen Networks

   Email: kent+ietf@watsen.net


   Robert Wilton
   Cisco Systems

   Email: rwilton@cisco.com





















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