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Internet Engineering Task Force                               B. Liu, Ed.
Internet Draft                                                     K. Lou
Intended status: Standards Track                       Huawei Technologies
Expires: April 2019                                                 C. Chen
                                                                  Ericsson
                                                          October 12, 2018

                       Yang Data Model for DHCP Protocol
                     draft-liu-dhc-dhcp-yang-model-07.txt




Abstract

   This document defines a YANG data model for DHCP Server, relay, and
client, including configuration and running state.

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the provisions
   of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task
   Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups.  Note that other groups
   may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material
   or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at
   http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt

   The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at
   http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html

   This Internet-Draft will expire on April 12, 2009.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2018 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document
   authors. All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
   Relating to IETF Documents (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in
   effect on the date of publication of this document. Please review these
   documents carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with
   respect to this document. Code Components extracted from this document
   must include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of


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   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.



Table of Contents


   1. Introduction ................................................ 2
      1.1. Terminology ............................................ 2
      1.2. Tree Diagrams .......................................... 3
   2. Design of Data Model......................................... 3
      2.1. Overview ............................................... 3
      2.2. DHCP Server ............................................ 4
      2.3. DHCP Relay ...................                                              Error! Bookmark not defined.
      2.4. DHCP Client ............................................ 5
   3. DHCP YANG Module ............................................ 7
   4. Security Considerations                                  ..................................... 16
   5. Contributors ............................................... 16
   6. IANA Considerations ........................................ 16
   7. Normative References........................................ 17

1. Introduction

   This document defines a YANG [RFC6020] data model that can be used to
   configure and manage DHCP.

   This data model includes configuration data and state data, in which
   DHCP server, replay, and client nodes are defined.

1.1. Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14
   [RFC2119].

   The following terms are used within this document:

   The following terms are defined in [RFC6241] and are not redefined here:

   o  client

   o  configuration data

   o  server



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   o  state data

   The following terms are defined in [RFC6020] and are not redefined here:

   o  augment

   o  data model

   o  data node

   o  presence container

1.2. Tree Diagrams

   A simplified graphical representation of the data model is used in this
   document.  The meaning of the symbols in these diagrams is as follows:

   o  Brackets "[" and "]" enclose list keys.

   o  Abbreviations before data node names: "rw" means configuration (read-
   write), and "ro" means state data (read-only).

   o  Symbols after data node names: "?" means an optional node, "!" means
   a presence container, and "*" denotes a list and leaf-list.

   o  Parentheses enclose choice and case nodes, and case nodes are also
   marked with a colon (":").

   o  Ellipsis ("...") stands for contents of subtrees that are not shown.

2. Design of Data Model

   The goal of this document is to define a data model that provides a
   common user interface to the DHCP protocol.  There is very information
   that is designated as "mandatory", providing freedom for vendors to
   adapt this data model to their respective product implementations.

2.1. Overview

   The overall structure of the model is described as the following.

   module: ietf-dhcp
      +--rw dhcp
      |  +--rw server
      |  |   ...
      |  |   ...
      |  +--rw relay


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      |  |   ...
      |  |   ...
      |  +--rw client
            ...
            ...

   Furthermore, design three if-feature for deployment of DHCP
   server/relay/client as below:
     feature dhcp-server {
       description "Feature DHCP server";
     }

     feature dhcp-client {
       description "Feature DHCP client";
     }

     feature dhcp-relay {
       description "Feature DHCP relay";
     }

2.2. DHCP Server

      Server contain the configuration items, including lease time, ping
   packet, IP address pool, option. And also include the operational data
   for server.

      The most important part is the IP pool configuration. Specifying IP
   address section is for dynamic allocation. Configuring the mapping
   between IP address and MAC address is for manual allocation.

   module: ietf-dhcp
       +--rw server {server}?
          |  +--rw lease-time?            uint32
          |  +--rw ping-packet-number?    uint8
          |  +--rw ping-packet-timeout?   uint16
          |  +--rw option
          |  |  +--rw dhcp-server-identifier?   inet:ip-address
          |  |  +--rw domain-name?              string
          |  |  +--rw domain-name-server?       inet:ip-address
          |  |  +--rw interface-mtu?            uint32
          |  |  +--rw netbios-name-server?      inet:ip-address
          |  |  +--rw netbios-node-type?        uint32
          |  |  +--rw netbios-scope?            string
          |  +--rw ip-pool* [ip-pool-name]
          |  |  +--rw ip-pool-name         string
          |  |  +--rw interface?           if:interface-ref
          |  |  +--rw gateway-ip?          inet:ip-address


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          |  |  +--rw gateway-mask?        inet:ip-prefix
          |  |  +--rw lease-time?          uint32
          |  |  +--rw manual-allocation* [mac-address ip-address]
          |  |  |  +--rw mac-address    yang:mac-address
          |  |  |  +--rw ip-address     inet:ip-address
          |  |  +--rw section* [start-ip]
          |  |  |  +--rw start-ip    inet:ipv4-address
          |  |  |  +--rw end-ip?     inet:ipv4-address
          |  |  +--rw option
          |  |  |  +--rw dhcp-server-identifier?   inet:ip-address
          |  |  |  +--rw domain-name?              string
          |  |  |  +--rw domain-name-server?       inet:ip-address
          |  |  |  +--rw interface-mtu?            uint32
          |  |  |  +--rw netbios-name-server?      inet:ip-address
          |  |  |  +--rw netbios-node-type?        uint32
          |  |  |  +--rw netbios-scope?            string
          |  |  +--ro used-ip-count?       uint32
          |  |  +--ro idle-ip-count?       uint32
          |  |  +--ro conflict-ip-count?   uint32
          |  |  +--ro total-ip-count?      uint32
          |  +--ro packet-statistics* [interface]
          |  |  +--ro interface           if:interface-ref
          |  |  +---x clean-statistics
          |  |  +--ro receive
          |  |  |  +--ro decline-packet?    uint32
          |  |  |  +--ro discover-packet?   uint32
          |  |  |  +--ro request-packet?    uint32
          |  |  |  +--ro release-packet?    uint32
          |  |  |  +--ro inform-packet?     uint32
          |  |  +--ro send
          |  |     +--ro offer-packet?   uint32
          |  |     +--ro ack-packet?     uint32
          |  |     +--ro nack-packet?    uint32
          |  +--ro host
          |     +--ro interface?               if:interface-ref
          |     +--ro host-ip?                 string
          |     +--ro host-hardware-address?   string
          |     +--ro lease?                   uint32
          |     +--ro type?                    allocate-type

2.3. DHCP Relay

      The relay function is configured per interface. Enable/disable relay
   functionality on a specific interface, and specify the DHCP server.


   module: ietf-dhcp


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      +--rw dchp
         +--rw server
               ...
               ...
         +--rw relay {relay}?
          |  +--rw server-group* [server-group-name]
          |     +--rw server-group-name    string
          |     +--rw interface?           if:interface-ref
          |     +--rw gateway-address?     inet:ipv4-address
          |     +--rw server-address*      inet:ipv4-address
          |     +--ro packet-statistics
          |        +---x clean-statistics
          |        +--ro receive
          |        |  +--ro offer-packet?      uint32
          |        |  +--ro ack-packet?        uint32
          |        |  +--ro nack-packet?       uint32
          |        |  +--ro decline-packet?    uint32
          |        |  +--ro discover-packet?   uint32
          |        |  +--ro request-packet?    uint32
          |        |  +--ro release-packet?    uint32
          |        |  +--ro inform-packet?     uint32
          |        +--ro send
          |           +--ro offer-packet?      uint32
          |           +--ro ack-packet?        uint32
          |           +--ro nack-packet?       uint32
          |           +--ro decline-packet?    uint32
          |           +--ro discover-packet?   uint32
          |           +--ro request-packet?    uint32
          |           +--ro release-packet?    uint32
          |           +--ro inform-packet?     uint32



2.4. DHCP Client

   DHCP client is also managed per interface, including enable/disable
   client DHCP client function, client id and lease time. The packet
   statistics for the DHCP client is also included.


   module: ietf-dhcp
      +--rw dchp
         +--rw server
               ...
               ...
         +--rw relay
               ...


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               ...
         +--rw client {client}?
             +--rw interfaces* [interface]
                +--rw interface            if:interface-ref
                +--rw client-id?           string
                +--rw lease?               uint32
                +--ro packet-statistics
                   +---x clean-statistics
                   +--ro receive
                   |  +--ro offer-packet?   uint32
                   |  +--ro ack-packet?     uint32
                   |  +--ro nack-packet?    uint32
                   +--ro send
                      +--ro decline-packet?    uint32
                      +--ro discover-packet?   uint32
                      +--ro request-packet?    uint32
                      +--ro release-packet?    uint32
                      +--ro inform-packet?     uint32


3. DHCP YANG Module

   <CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-dhcp@2108-10-11.yang"
   module ietf-dhcp {
     yang-version 1.1;
     namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-dhcp";
     prefix "dhcp";

     import ietf-inet-types {
       prefix "inet";
     }
     import ietf-yang-types {
       prefix "yang";
     }
     import ietf-interfaces {
       prefix "if";
     }

     organization "IETF dhc (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
                   Working Group";
     contact      "leo.liubing@huawei.com
                   loukunkun@huawei.com
                   chin.chen@ericsson.com";
     description  "The module for implementing DHCP protocol";

     revision "2018-10-11" {
       description   "initial draft revision";


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       reference     "rfc2131 rfc6020 rfc7950";
     }

     /*--------------------*/
     /*      Features      */
     /*--------------------*/
     feature server {
       description "Feature DHCP server";
     }

     feature client {
       description "Feature DHCP client";
     }
     feature relay {
       description "Feature DHCP relay";
     }

     /*--------------------*/
     /*  Types Defination  */
     /*--------------------*/
     typedef allocate-type {
       type enumeration {
         enum automatic {
         description
           "DHCP assigns a permanent IP address to a client";
         }
         enum dynamic {
         description
           "DHCP assigns an IP address to a client
            for a limited period of time";
         }
         enum manual {
         description
           "a client's IP address is assigned by the
             network administrator, and DHCP is used
            simply to convey the assigned address to the client";
         }
       }
       description "Mechanisms for IP address allocation";
     }

     /*--------------------*/
     /*      Groupings     */
     /*--------------------*/
     grouping server-packet {
       description "The packets are sent from server ";



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       leaf offer-packet {
         type uint32;
         config "false";
         description "Total number of DHCPOFFER packets";
       }
       leaf ack-packet {
         type uint32;
         config "false";
         description "Total number of DHCPACK packets";
       }
       leaf nack-packet {
         type uint32;
         config "false";
         description "Total number of DHCPNAK packets";
       }
     }

     grouping client-packet {
       description "The packets are sent from client ";

       leaf decline-packet {
         type uint32;
         config "false";
         description "Total number of DHCPDECLINE packets";
       }
       leaf discover-packet {
         type uint32;
         config "false";
         description "Total number of DHCPDISCOVER packets";
       }
       leaf request-packet {
         type uint32;
         config "false";
         description "Total number of DHCPREQUEST packets";
       }
       leaf release-packet {
         type uint32;
         config "false";
         description "Total number of DHCPRELEASE packets";
       }
       leaf inform-packet {
         type uint32;
         config "false";
         description "Total number of DHCPINFORM packets";
       }
     }



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     grouping sum-packet {
       description "All of commnicated packets between server and client";

       uses server-packet;

       uses client-packet;
     }

     grouping dhcp-option {
       description "Configuration option";

       leaf dhcp-server-identifier {
         type  inet:ip-address;
         description "DHCP server identifier";
       }
       leaf domain-name {
         type  string;
         description "Name of the domain";
       }
       leaf domain-name-server {
         type  inet:ip-address;
         description "IPv4 address of the domain";
       }
       leaf interface-mtu {
         type  uint32 {
           range "0..65535";
         }
         description "Minimum Transmission Unit (MTU) of the interface";
       }
       leaf netbios-name-server {
         type  inet:ip-address;
         description "NETBIOS name server";
       }
       leaf netbios-node-type {
         type  uint32 {
           range "0..65535";
         }
         description "NETBIOS node type";
       }
       leaf netbios-scope {
         type  string;
         description "NETBIOS scope";
       }
     }

     /*--------------------*/
     /* Configuration Data */


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     /*--------------------*/
     container dhcp {
       description
         "DHCP configuration";
       container server {
         if-feature server;
         description
         "DHCP server configuration";
         leaf lease-time {
           type uint32{
              range "180..31536000";
            }
            description
              "Default network address lease time assigned to DHCP clients";
         }
         leaf ping-packet-number{
           type uint8 {
              range "0..10";
            }
            default "0";
            description "Number of ping packets";
         }
         leaf ping-packet-timeout {
           type uint16 {
             range "0..10000";
           }
           default "500";
           description "Timeout of ping packet";
         }
         container option {
           description "Configuration option";
           uses dhcp-option;
         }
         list ip-pool {
           key "ip-pool-name";
           description   "Global IP pool configuration";

           leaf ip-pool-name {
             type string {
               length "1..64";
             }
             description "Name of the IP pool";
           }
           leaf interface {
             type if:interface-ref;
             description
               "Name of the interface";


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           }
           leaf gateway-ip {
             type inet:ip-address;
             description "IPv4 address of the gateway";
           }
           leaf gateway-mask {
             type inet:ip-prefix;
             description "Network submask of the gateway";
           }
           leaf lease-time {
             type uint32 {
               range "180..31536000";
             }
             description
               "Default network address lease time assigned to DHCP clients";
           }
           list manual-allocation {
             key "mac-address ip-address";
             description "Mapping from MAC address to IP address";

             leaf mac-address {
               type yang:mac-address;
               description "MAC address of the host";
             }
             leaf ip-address {
               type inet:ip-address;
               description "IPv4 address of the host";
             }
           }
           list section {
             key "start-ip";
             description "IPv4 address for the range";
             leaf start-ip {
               type inet:ipv4-address;
               mandatory "true";
               description "Starting IPv4 Address of a section";
             }
             leaf end-ip {
               type inet:ipv4-address;
               description "Last IPv4 Address of a section";
             }
           }
           container option {
             description "Configuration option";
             uses dhcp-option;
           }



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           leaf used-ip-count {
             type uint32;
             config "false";
             description "Total number of used IPv4 addresses";
           }
           leaf idle-ip-count  {
             type uint32;
             config "false";
             description "Total number of idle IPv4 addresses";
           }
           leaf conflict-ip-count {
             type uint32;
             config "false";
             description "Total number of conflict IPv4 addresses";
           }
           leaf total-ip-count  {
             type uint32;
             config "false";
             description "Total number of IPv4 addresses";
           }
       }

         list packet-statistics {
         key "interface";
         config "false";
           description "Packet statistics";

           leaf interface {
             type if:interface-ref;
             description "Name of the interface";
           }

           action clean-statistics {
         description "Clear the specific interface statistics";
           }

           container receive {
             description "Number of  received packets";

             uses client-packet;
           }
           container send {
             description "Number of sent packets";

             uses server-packet;
           }
         }


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         container host {
         config "false";
           description "Host status information";
           leaf interface {
             type if:interface-ref;
             description "Name of the interface";
           }
           leaf host-ip {
             type string;
             description "IPv4 address of the host";
           }
           leaf host-hardware-address {
             type string;
             description "MAC address of the host";
           }
           leaf lease {
             type uint32;
             description "Default network address lease
                       time assigned to DHCP clients";
           }
           leaf type {
             type allocate-type;
             description "Mechanisms for IP address allocation";
           }
         }
       }
       container relay {
         if-feature relay;
         description "DHCP relay agent configuration";

         list server-group {
           key "server-group-name";
           description
             "DHCP server group configuration that DHCP relays to";
           leaf server-group-name {
             type string;
             description "Name of a DHCP server group";
           }
           leaf interface {
             type if:interface-ref;
             description "Name of the interface";
           }
           leaf gateway-address {
             type inet:ipv4-address;
             description "IPv4 address of the gateway";
           }
           leaf-list server-address {


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             type inet:ipv4-address;
             description "IPv4 address of the server";
           }

           container packet-statistics {
            config "false";
             description "Packet statistics";

             action clean-statistics {
           description "Clear the specific interface statistics";
             }
             container receive {
               description "Number of  received packets";

               uses sum-packet;
             }
             container send {
               description
                 "Number of sent packets";

               uses sum-packet;
             }
           }
         }
     }
       container client {
         if-feature client;
         description "DHCP client configuration";

         list interfaces {
           key "interface";
           description "Interface configuration";

           leaf interface {
             type if:interface-ref;
             description "Name of the interface";
           }
           leaf client-id {
             type string;
             description "DHCP client identifier";
           }
           leaf lease {
             type uint32 {
               range "1..4294967295";
             }
             description "Default network address lease time assigned to DHCP clients";
           }


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           container packet-statistics {
             config "false";
         description "Packet statistics";

             action clean-statistics {
               description "Clear the specific interface statistics";
             }

             container receive {
               description "Number of  received packets";

               uses server-packet;
             }

             container send {
               description "Number of sent packets";

               uses client-packet;
             }
           }
       }
       }
     }
   }
   <CODE ENDS>


4. Security Considerations

   The data model defined does not create any security implications.

5. Contributors

   The following people all contributed significantly to the initial

   YANG model:

       - Gang Yan (Huawei)

       - Hongying Sheng (Ericsson)

6. IANA Considerations

   This draft does not request any IANA action.




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7. Normative References

   [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
             Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC2131] Droms, R., "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol", RFC 2131,
             DOI 10.17487/RFC2131, March 1997, <http://www.rfc-
             editor.org/info/rfc2131>.

   [RFC2629] Rose, M., "Writing I-Ds and RFCs using XML", RFC 2629, DOI
             10.17487/RFC2629, June 1999, <http://www.rfc-
             editor.org/info/rfc2629>.

   [RFC6020] Bjorklund, M., Ed., "YANG - A Data Modeling Language for the
             Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF)", RFC 6020, DOI
             10.17487/RFC6020, October 2010, <http://www.rfc-
             editor.org/info/rfc6020>.

   [RFC6021] Schoenwaelder, J., Ed., "Common YANG Data Types", RFC 6021,
             DOI 10.17487/RFC6021, October 2010, <http://www.rfc-
             editor.org/info/rfc6021>.

   [RFC7950] Bjorklund, M., Ed., "The YANG 1.1 Data Modeling Language", RFC
             7950, DOI 10.17487/RFC7950, September 2016, <http://www.rfc-
             editor.org/info/rfc7950>.



   Authors' Addresses



















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   Bing Liu
   Huawei Technologies
   Q14, Huawei Campus, No.156 Beiqing Road
   Hai-Dian District, Beijing, 100095
   P.R. China

   Email: leo.liubing@huawei.com

   Kunkun Lou
   Huawei Technologies
   Huawei Nanjing R&D Center
   101 Software Avenue, Yuhua District, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210012
   P.R. China

   Email: loukunkun@huawei.com

   Chin Chen
   Ericsson (China) Communications Company Ltd.
   Ericsson Tower, No. 5 Lize East Street,
   Chaoyang District Beijing 100102, P.R. China

   Email: chin.chen@ericsson.com


























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