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Versions: (draft-keyupate-idr-bgp-prefix-sid) 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

IDR                                                      S. Previdi, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                               C. Filsfils
Intended status: Standards Track                          A. Lindem, Ed.
Expires: December 16, 2018                                 Cisco Systems
                                                          A. Sreekantiah

                                                              H. Gredler
                                                            RtBrick Inc.
                                                           June 14, 2018


             Segment Routing Prefix SID extensions for BGP
                    draft-ietf-idr-bgp-prefix-sid-23

Abstract

   The Segment Routing (SR) architecture allows a node to steer a packet
   flow through any topological path and service chain by leveraging
   source routing.  The ingress node prepends an SR header to a packet
   containing a set of segment identifiers (SID).  Each SID represents a
   topological or a service-based instruction.  Per-flow state is
   maintained only on the ingress node of the SR domain.  An SR domain
   is defined as a single administrative domain for global SID
   assignment.

   This document defines an optional, transitive BGP attribute for
   announcing BGP Prefix Segment Identifiers (BGP Prefix-SID)
   information.

Requirements Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP
   14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
   capitals, as shown here.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.





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   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on December 16, 2018.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2018 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
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   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  BGP-Prefix-SID  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     2.1.  MPLS BGP Prefix SID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  BGP Prefix-SID Attribute  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     3.1.  Label-Index TLV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     3.2.  Originator SRGB TLV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   4.  Receiving BGP Prefix-SID Attribute  . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     4.1.  MPLS Dataplane: Labeled Unicast . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
   5.  Advertising BGP Prefix-SID Attribute  . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     5.1.  MPLS Dataplane: Labeled Unicast . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
   6.  Error Handling of BGP Prefix-SID Attribute  . . . . . . . . .  10
   7.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
   8.  Manageability Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
   9.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
   10. Contributors  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   11. Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   12. References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     12.1.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     12.2.  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16







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1.  Introduction

   The Segment Routing (SR) architecture leverages the source routing
   paradigm.  A group of inter-connected nodes that use SR forms an SR
   domain.  A segment represents either a topological instruction such
   as "go to prefix P following shortest path" or a service instruction.
   Other types of segments may be defined in the future.

   A segment is identified through a Segment Identifier (SID).  An SR
   domain is defined as a single administrative domain for global SID
   assignment.  It may be comprised of a single Autonomous System (AS)
   or multiple ASes under consolidated global SID administration.
   Typically, the ingress node of the SR domain prepends an SR header
   containing segments identifiers (SIDs) to an incoming packet.

   As described in [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing], when SR is applied
   to the MPLS dataplane ([I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls]), the
   SID consists of a label.

   [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing] also describes how segment routing
   can be applied to an IPv6 dataplane (SRv6) using an IPv6 routing
   header containing a stack of SR SIDs encoded as IPv6 addresses
   [I-D.ietf-6man-segment-routing-header].  The applicability and
   support for Segment Routing over IPv6 is beyond the scope of this
   document.

   A BGP-Prefix Segment is a BGP prefix with a Prefix-SID attached.  A
   BGP Prefix-SID is always a global SID
   ([I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing]) within the SR domain (i.e., the
   set of Autonomous Systems under a common administration and control
   and where SR is used) and identifies an instruction to forward the
   packet over the Equal-Cost Multi-Path (ECMP) best-path computed by
   BGP to the related prefix.  The BGP Prefix-SID is the identifier of
   the BGP prefix segment.  In this document, we always refer to the BGP
   segment by the BGP Prefix-SID.

   This document describes the BGP extension to signal the BGP Prefix-
   SID.  Specifically, this document defines a BGP attribute known as
   the BGP Prefix-SID attribute and specifies the rules to originate,
   receive, and handle error conditions for the attribute.

   The BGP Prefix-SID attribute defined in this document can be attached
   to prefixes from Multiprotocol BGP IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast
   ([RFC4760], [RFC8277]).  Usage of the BGP Prefix-SID attribute for
   other Address Family Identifier (AFI)/ Subsequent Address Family
   Identifier (SAFI) combinations is not defined herein but may be
   specified in future specifications.




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   [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-msdc] describes example use cases
   where the BGP Prefix-SID is used for the above AFI/SAFI combinations.

   It should be noted that:

   o  A BGP Prefix-SID MAY be global across ASes when the interconnected
      ASes agree on the SID allocation scheme.  Alternatively, when
      interconnecting ASes, the ASBRs of each domain will have to handle
      the advertisement of unique SIDs.  The mechanisms for such
      interconnection are outside the scope of the protocol extensions
      defined in this document.

   o  A BGP Prefix-SID MAY be attached to a prefix.  This implies that
      each prefix is advertised individually, reducing the ability to
      pack BGP advertisements (when sharing common attributes).

2.  BGP-Prefix-SID

   The BGP Prefix-SID advertised for BGP prefix P indicates that the
   segment routed path should be used (as described below) if the BGP
   best path selects the corresponding Network Layer Reachability
   Information (NLRI).

2.1.  MPLS BGP Prefix SID

   The BGP Prefix-SID is realized on the MPLS dataplane
   ([I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls]) in the following way:

      The operator assigns a globally unique label index, L_I, to a
      locally originated prefix of a BGP speaker N which is advertised
      to all other BGP speakers in the SR domain.

      According to [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing], each BGP speaker
      is configured with a label block called the Segment Routing Global
      Block (SRGB).  While [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing] recommends
      using the same SRGB across all the nodes within the SR domain, the
      SRGB of a node is a local property and could be different on
      different speakers.  The drawbacks of the use case where BGP
      speakers have different SRGBs are documented in
      [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing] and
      [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-msdc].

      If traffic-engineering within the SR domain is required, each node
      may also be required to advertise topological information and
      Peering SIDs for each of its links and peers.  This information is
      required to perform the explicit path computation and to express
      an explicit path as a list of SIDs.  The advertisement of




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      topological information and peer segments (Peer SIDs) is done
      through [I-D.ietf-idr-bgpls-segment-routing-epe].

      If the BGP speakers are not all configured with the same SRGB, and
      if traffic-engineering within the SR domain is required, each node
      may be required to advertise its local SRGB in addition to the
      topological information.

      This document assumes that BGP-LS is the preferred method for
      collecting both peer segments (Peer SIDs) and SRGB information
      through [RFC7752], [I-D.ietf-idr-bgpls-segment-routing-epe], and
      [I-D.ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-ext].  However, as an
      optional alternative for the advertisement of the local SRGB
      without the topology nor the peer SIDs, hence without
      applicability for TE, the Originator SRGB TLV of the BGP Prefix-
      SID attribute is specified in Section 3.2 of this document.

      A BGP speaker will derive its local MPLS label L from the label
      index L_I and its local SRGB as described in
      [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls].  The BGP speaker then
      programs the MPLS label L in its MPLS dataplane as its incoming/
      local label for the prefix.  See Section 4.1 for more details.

      The outgoing label for the prefix is found in the NLRI of the
      Multiprotocol BGP IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast prefix advertisement
      as defined in [RFC8277].  The label index L_I is only used as a
      hint to derive the local/incoming label.

      Section 3.1 of this document specifies the Label-Index TLV of the
      BGP Prefix-SID attribute; this TLV can be used to advertise the
      label index for a given prefix.

3.  BGP Prefix-SID Attribute

   The BGP Prefix-SID attribute is an optional, transitive BGP path
   attribute.  The attribute type code 40 has been assigned by IANA (see
   Section 7).

   The BGP Prefix-SID attribute is defined here to be a set of elements
   encoded as "Type/Length/Value" tuples (i.e., a set of TLVs).  All BGP
   Prefix-SID attribute TLVs will start with a 1-octet type and a
   2-octet length.  The following TLVs are defined in this document:

   o  Label-Index TLV

   o  Originator SRGB TLV





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   The Label-Index and Originator SRGB TLVs are used only when SR is
   applied to the MPLS dataplane.

   For future extensibility, unknown TLVs MUST be ignored and propagated
   unmodified.

3.1.  Label-Index TLV

   The Label-Index TLV MUST be present in the BGP Prefix-SID attribute
   attached to IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast prefixes ([RFC8277]).  It MUST
   be ignored when received for other BGP AFI/SAFI combinations.  The
   Label-Index TLV has the following format:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |       Type    |             Length            |   RESERVED    |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |            Flags              |       Label Index             |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |          Label Index          |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   where:

   o  Type is 1.

   o  Length: is 7, the total length in octets of the value portion of
      the TLV.

   o  RESERVED: 8-bit field.  MUST be clear on transmission and MUST be
      ignored on reception.

   o  Flags: 16 bits of flags.  None are defined by this document.  The
      flag field MUST be clear on transmission and MUST be ignored on
      reception.

   o  Label Index: 32-bit value representing the index value in the SRGB
      space.

3.2.  Originator SRGB TLV

   The Originator SRGB TLV is an optional TLV and has the following
   format:







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     0                   1                   2                   3
     0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
    |     Type      |          Length               |    Flags      |
    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
    |     Flags     |
    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
    |         SRGB 1 (6 octets)                                     |
    |                               +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
    |                               |
    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
    |         SRGB n (6 octets)                                     |
    |                               +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
    |                               |
    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   where:

   o  Type is 3.

   o  Length is the total length in octets of the value portion of the
      TLV: 2 + (non-zero multiple of 6).

   o  Flags: 16 bits of flags.  None are defined in this document.
      Flags MUST be clear on transmission and MUST be ignored on
      reception.

   o  SRGB: 3 octets specifying the first label in the range followed by
      3 octets specifying the number of labels in the range.  Note that
      the SRGB field MAY appear multiple times.  If the SRGB field
      appears multiple times, the SRGB consists of multiple ranges that
      are concatenated.

   The Originator SRGB TLV contains the SRGB of the node originating the
   prefix to which the BGP Prefix-SID is attached.  The Originator SRGB
   TLV MUST NOT be changed during the propagation of the BGP update.  It
   is used to build segment routing policies when different SRGBs are
   used in the fabric, for example
   ([I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-msdc]).

   Examples of how the receiving routers concatenate the ranges and
   build their neighbor's Segment Routing Global Block (SRGB) are
   included in [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls]).




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   The originator SRGB may only appear in a BGP Prefix-SID attribute
   attached to IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast prefixes ([RFC8277]).  It MUST
   be ignored when received for other BGP AFI/SAFI combinations.  Since
   the Label-Index TLV is required for IPv4/IPv6 prefix applicability,
   the originator SRGB will be ignored if it is not specified consistent
   with Section 6.

4.  Receiving BGP Prefix-SID Attribute

   A BGP speaker receiving a BGP Prefix-SID attribute from an External
   BGP (EBGP) neighbor residing outside the boundaries of the SR domain
   MUST discard the attribute unless it is configured to accept the
   attribute from the EBGP neighbor.  A BGP speaker SHOULD log an error
   for further analysis when discarding an attribute.

4.1.  MPLS Dataplane: Labeled Unicast

   A BGP session supporting the Multiprotocol BGP labeled IPv4 or IPv6
   Unicast ([RFC8277]) AFI/SAFI is required.

   When the BGP Prefix-SID attribute is attached to a BGP labeled IPv4
   or IPv6 Unicast [RFC8277] AFI/SAFI, it MUST contain the Label-Index
   TLV and MAY contain the Originator SRGB TLV.  A BGP Prefix-SID
   attribute received without a Label-Index TLV MUST be considered as
   "invalid" by the receiving speaker.

   The label index provides guidance to the receiving BGP speaker as to
   the incoming label that SHOULD be allocated to the prefix.

   A BGP speaker may be locally configured with an SRGB=[SRGB_Start,
   SRGB_End].  The preferred method for deriving the SRGB is a matter of
   local node configuration.

   The mechanisms through which a given label index value is assigned to
   a given prefix are outside the scope of this document.

   Given a label index L_I, we refer to (L = L_I + SRGB_Start) as the
   derived label.  A BGP Prefix-SID attribute is designated
   "conflicting" for a speaker M if the derived label value L lies
   outside the SRGB configured on M.  Otherwise the Label-Index TLV is
   designated "acceptable" to speaker M.

   If multiple different prefixes are received with the same label
   index, all of the different prefixes MUST have their BGP Prefix-SID
   attribute considered as "conflicting".

   If multiple valid paths for the same prefix are received from
   multiple BGP speakers or, in the case of [RFC7911], from the same BGP



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   speaker, and the BGP Prefix-SID attributes do not contain the same
   label index, then the label index from the best path BGP Prefix-SID
   attribute SHOULD be chosen with a notable exception being when
   [RFC5004] is being used to dampen route changes.

   When a BGP speaker receives a path from a neighbor with an
   "acceptable" BGP Prefix-SID attribute and that path is selected as
   the best path, it SHOULD program the derived label as the label for
   the prefix in its local MPLS dataplane.

   When a BGP speaker receives a path from a neighbor with an "invalid"
   or "conflicting" BGP Prefix-SID attribute or when a BGP speaker
   receives a path from a neighbor with a BGP Prefix-SID attribute but
   is unable to process it (e.g., local policy disables the
   functionality), it MUST ignore the BGP Prefix-SID attribute.  For the
   purposes of label allocation, a BGP speaker MUST assign a local (also
   called dynamic) label (non-SRGB) for such a prefix as per classic
   Multiprotocol BGP IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast ([RFC8277]) operation.

   In the case of an "invalid" BGP Prefix-SID attribute, a BGP speaker
   MUST follow the error handling rules specified in Section 6.  A BGP
   speaker SHOULD log an error for further analysis.  In the case of a
   "conflicting" BGP Prefix-SID attribute, a BGP speaker SHOULD NOT
   treat it as error and SHOULD propagate the attribute unchanged.  A
   BGP Speaker SHOULD log a warning for further analysis, i.e., in the
   case the conflict is not due to a label index transition.

   When a BGP Prefix-SID attribute changes and transitions from
   "conflicting" to "acceptable", the BGP Prefix-SID attributes for
   other prefixes may also transition to "acceptable" as well.
   Implementations SHOULD assure all impacted prefixes revert to using
   the label indices corresponding to these newly "acceptable" BGP
   Prefix-SID attributes.

   The outgoing label is always programmed as per classic Multiprotocol
   BGP IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast ([RFC8277]) operation.  Specifically, a
   BGP speaker receiving a prefix with a BGP Prefix-SID attribute and a
   label NLRI field of Implicit NULL [RFC3032] from a neighbor MUST
   adhere to standard behavior and program its MPLS dataplane to pop the
   top label when forwarding traffic to the prefix.  The label NLRI
   defines the outbound label that MUST be used by the receiving node.

5.  Advertising BGP Prefix-SID Attribute

   The BGP Prefix-SID attribute MAY be attached to BGP IPv4/IPv6 Label
   Unicast prefixes [RFC8277].  In order to prevent distribution of the
   BGP Prefix-SID attribute beyond its intended scope of applicability,
   attribute filtering SHOULD be deployed to remove the BGP Prefix-SID



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   attribute at the administrative boundary of the segment routing
   domain.

   A BGP speaker that advertises a path received from one of its
   neighbors SHOULD advertise the BGP Prefix-SID received with the path
   without modification, as long as the BGP Prefix-SID was acceptable.
   If the path did not come with a BGP Prefix-SID attribute, the speaker
   MAY attach a BGP Prefix-SID to the path if configured to do so.  The
   content of the TLVs present in the BGP Prefix-SID is determined by
   the configuration.

5.1.  MPLS Dataplane: Labeled Unicast

   A BGP speaker that originates a prefix attaches the BGP Prefix-SID
   attribute when it advertises the prefix to its neighbors via
   Multiprotocol BGP IPv4/IPv6 Labeled Unicast ([RFC8277]).  The value
   of the label index in the Label-Index TLV is determined by
   configuration.

   A BGP speaker that originates a BGP Prefix-SID attribute MAY
   optionally announce the Originator SRGB TLV along with the mandatory
   Label-Index TLV.  The content of the Originator SRGB TLV is
   determined by configuration.

   Since the label index value must be unique within an SR domain, by
   default an implementation SHOULD NOT advertise the BGP Prefix-SID
   attribute outside an Autonomous System unless it is explicitly
   configured to do so.

   In all cases, the label field of the advertised NLRI ([RFC8277],
   [RFC4364]) MUST be set to the local/incoming label programmed in the
   MPLS dataplane for the given advertised prefix.  If the prefix is
   associated with one of the BGP speaker's interfaces, this is the
   usual MPLS label (such as the Implicit or Explicit NULL label
   [RFC3032]).

6.  Error Handling of BGP Prefix-SID Attribute

   When a BGP Speaker receives a BGP Update message containing a
   malformed or invalid BGP Prefix-SID attribute attached to a IPv4/IPv6
   Labeled Unicast prefix [RFC8277], it MUST ignore the received BGP
   Prefix-SID attributes and not advertise it to other BGP peers.  In
   this context, a malformed BGP Prefix-SID attribute is one that cannot
   be parsed due to not meeting the minimum attribute length
   requirement, contains a TLV length that doesn't conform to the length
   constraints for the TLV, or a contains TLV length that would extend
   beyond the end of the attribute (as defined by the attribute length).
   This is equivalent to the "Attribute discard" action specified in



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   [RFC7606].  When discarding an attribute, a BGP speaker SHOULD log an
   error for further analysis.

   As per with [RFC7606], if the BGP Prefix-SID attribute appears more
   than once in an UPDATE message, then all the occurrences of the
   attribute other than the first one SHALL be discarded and the UPDATE
   message will continue to be processed.  Similarly, if a recognized
   TLV appears more than once in an BGP Prefix-SID attribute while the
   specification only allows for a single occurrence, then all the
   occurrences of the TLV other than the first one SHALL be discarded
   and the Prefix-SID attribute will continue to be processed.

   For future extensibility, unknown TLVs MUST be ignored and propagated
   unmodified.

7.  IANA Considerations

   This document defines a BGP path attribute known as the BGP Prefix-
   SID attribute.  This document requests IANA to assign an attribute
   code type (suggested value: 40) to the BGP Prefix-SID attribute from
   the BGP Path Attributes registry.

   Currently, IANA temporarily assigned the following:

      40 BGP Prefix-SID (TEMPORARY - registered 2015-09-30, expires
      2016-09-30) [draft-ietf-idr-bgp-prefix-sid]

   This document defines 3 TLVs for the BGP Prefix-SID attribute.  These
   TLVs need to be registered with IANA.  We request IANA to create a
   registry for BGP Prefix-SID Attribute TLVs as follows:

   Under "Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Parameters" registry, "BGP
   Prefix-SID TLV Types" Reference: draft-ietf-idr-bgp-prefix-sid
   Registration Procedure(s): Values 1-254 First Come First Served
   (FCFS), Value 0 and 255 reserved

   Value Type            Reference
   0     Reserved        this document
   1     Label-Index     this document
   2     Deprecated      this document
   3     Originator SRGB this document
   4-254 Unassigned
   255   Reserved        this document

   This document also requests creation of the "BGP Prefix-SID Label-
   Index TLV Flags" registry under the "Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)
   Parameters" registry, Reference: draft-ietf-idr-bgp-prefix-sid.
   Initially, this 16-bit flags registry will be empty.  Flag bits will



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   be allocated First Come First Served (FCFS) consistent with the BGP
   Prefix-SID TLV Types registry.

   Finally, this document requests creation of the "BGP Prefix-SID
   Originator SRGB TLV Flags" registry under the "Border Gateway
   Protocol (BGP) Parameters" registry, Reference: draft-ietf-idr-bgp-
   prefix-sid.  Initially, this 16-bit flags registry will be empty.
   Flag bits will be allocated First Come First Served (FCFS) consistent
   with the BGP Prefix-SID TLV Types registry.

8.  Manageability Considerations

   This document defines a BGP attribute to address use cases such as
   the one described in [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-msdc].  It is
   assumed that advertisement of the BGP Prefix-SID attribute is
   controlled by the operator in order to:

   o  Prevent undesired origination/advertisement of the BGP Prefix-SID
      attribute.  By default, a BGP Prefix-SID attribute SHOULD NOT be
      attached to a prefix and advertised.  Hence, BGP Prefix-SID
      advertisement SHOULD require explicit enablement.

   o  Prevent any undesired propagation of the BGP Prefix-SID attribute.
      By default, the BGP Prefix-SID is not advertised outside the
      boundary of a single SR/administrative domain which may include
      one or more ASes.  The propagation to other ASes MUST be
      explicitly configured.

   The deployment model described in
   [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-msdc] assumes multiple Autonomous
   Systems (ASes) under a common administrative domain.  For this use
   case, the BGP Prefix-SID advertisement is applicable to the inter-AS
   context, i.e., EBGP, while it is confined to a single administrative
   domain.

9.  Security Considerations

   This document introduces a BGP attribute (BGP Prefix-SID) which
   inherits the security considerations expressed in: [RFC4271],
   [RFC8277], and [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing].

   When advertised using BGPsec as described in [RFC8205], the BGP
   Prefix-SID attribute doesn't impose any unique security
   considerations.  It should be noted that the BGP Prefix-SID attribute
   is not protected by the BGPsec signatures.

   It should be noted that, as described in Section 8, this document
   refers to a deployment model where all nodes are under the single



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   administrative domain.  In this context, we assume that the operator
   doesn't want to leak any information related to internal prefixes and
   topology outside of the administrative domain.  The internal
   information includes the BGP Prefix-SID.  In order to prevent such
   leaking, the common BGP mechanisms (filters) are applied at the
   boundary of the SR/administrative domain.  Local BGP attribute
   filtering policies and mechanisms are not standardized and,
   consequently, beyond the scope of this document.

   To prevent a Denial-of-Service (DoS) or Distributed-Denial-of-Service
   (DDoS) attack due to excessive BGP updates with an invalid or
   conflicting BGP Prefix-SID attribute, error log message rate-limiting
   as well as suppression of duplicate error log messages SHOULD be
   deployed.

10.  Contributors

   Keyur Patel
   Arrcus, Inc.
   US

   Email: Keyur@arrcus.com

   Saikat Ray
   Unaffiliated
   US

   Email: raysaikat@gmail.com

11.  Acknowledgements

   The authors would like to thank Satya Mohanty for his contribution to
   this document.

   The authors would like to thank Alvaro Retana for substantive
   comments as part of the Routing AD review.

   The authors would like to thank Bruno Decraene for substantive
   comments and suggested text as part of the Routing Directorate
   review.

   The authors would like to thank Shyam Sethuram for comments and
   discussion of TLV processing and validation.

   The authors would like to thank Robert Raszuk for comments and
   suggestions regarding the MPLS data plane behavior.





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   The authors would like to thank Krishna Deevi, Juan Alcaide, Howard
   Yang, and Jakob Heitz for discussions on conflicting BGP Prefix-SID
   label indices and BGP add paths.

   The authors would like to thank Peter Yee, Tony Przygienda, Mirja
   Kuehlewind, Alexey Melnikov, Eric Rescorla, Suresh Krishnan, Warren
   Kumari, Ben Campbell and Sue Hares for IDR Working Group last call,
   IETF Last Call, directorate, and IESG reviews.

12.  References

12.1.  Normative References

   [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing]
              Filsfils, C., Previdi, S., Ginsberg, L., Decraene, B.,
              Litkowski, S., and R. Shakir, "Segment Routing
              Architecture", draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-15 (work
              in progress), January 2018.

   [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls]
              Bashandy, A., Filsfils, C., Previdi, S., Decraene, B.,
              Litkowski, S., and R. Shakir, "Segment Routing with MPLS
              data plane", draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls-14
              (work in progress), June 2018.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997, <https://www.rfc-
              editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC4271]  Rekhter, Y., Ed., Li, T., Ed., and S. Hares, Ed., "A
              Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4)", RFC 4271,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC4271, January 2006, <https://www.rfc-
              editor.org/info/rfc4271>.

   [RFC4364]  Rosen, E. and Y. Rekhter, "BGP/MPLS IP Virtual Private
              Networks (VPNs)", RFC 4364, DOI 10.17487/RFC4364, February
              2006, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4364>.

   [RFC4760]  Bates, T., Chandra, R., Katz, D., and Y. Rekhter,
              "Multiprotocol Extensions for BGP-4", RFC 4760,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC4760, January 2007, <https://www.rfc-
              editor.org/info/rfc4760>.

   [RFC7606]  Chen, E., Ed., Scudder, J., Ed., Mohapatra, P., and K.
              Patel, "Revised Error Handling for BGP UPDATE Messages",
              RFC 7606, DOI 10.17487/RFC7606, August 2015,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7606>.



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   [RFC7911]  Walton, D., Retana, A., Chen, E., and J. Scudder,
              "Advertisement of Multiple Paths in BGP", RFC 7911,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7911, July 2016, <https://www.rfc-
              editor.org/info/rfc7911>.

   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.

   [RFC8205]  Lepinski, M., Ed. and K. Sriram, Ed., "BGPsec Protocol
              Specification", RFC 8205, DOI 10.17487/RFC8205, September
              2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8205>.

   [RFC8277]  Rosen, E., "Using BGP to Bind MPLS Labels to Address
              Prefixes", RFC 8277, DOI 10.17487/RFC8277, October 2017,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8277>.

12.2.  Informative References

   [I-D.ietf-6man-segment-routing-header]
              Previdi, S., Filsfils, C., Leddy, J., Matsushima, S., and
              d. daniel.voyer@bell.ca, "IPv6 Segment Routing Header
              (SRH)", draft-ietf-6man-segment-routing-header-13 (work in
              progress), May 2018.

   [I-D.ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-ext]
              Previdi, S., Talaulikar, K., Filsfils, C., Gredler, H.,
              and M. Chen, "BGP Link-State extensions for Segment
              Routing", draft-ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-ext-08
              (work in progress), May 2018.

   [I-D.ietf-idr-bgpls-segment-routing-epe]
              Previdi, S., Filsfils, C., Patel, K., Ray, S., and J.
              Dong, "BGP-LS extensions for Segment Routing BGP Egress
              Peer Engineering", draft-ietf-idr-bgpls-segment-routing-
              epe-15 (work in progress), March 2018.

   [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-msdc]
              Filsfils, C., Previdi, S., Dawra, G., Aries, E., and P.
              Lapukhov, "BGP-Prefix Segment in large-scale data
              centers", draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-msdc-09 (work
              in progress), May 2018.

   [RFC3032]  Rosen, E., Tappan, D., Fedorkow, G., Rekhter, Y.,
              Farinacci, D., Li, T., and A. Conta, "MPLS Label Stack
              Encoding", RFC 3032, DOI 10.17487/RFC3032, January 2001,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3032>.




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   [RFC5004]  Chen, E. and S. Sangli, "Avoid BGP Best Path Transitions
              from One External to Another", RFC 5004,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5004, September 2007, <https://www.rfc-
              editor.org/info/rfc5004>.

   [RFC7752]  Gredler, H., Ed., Medved, J., Previdi, S., Farrel, A., and
              S. Ray, "North-Bound Distribution of Link-State and
              Traffic Engineering (TE) Information Using BGP", RFC 7752,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7752, March 2016, <https://www.rfc-
              editor.org/info/rfc7752>.

Authors' Addresses

   Stefano Previdi (editor)
   Cisco Systems
   IT

   Email: stefano@previdi.net


   Clarence Filsfils
   Cisco Systems
   Brussels
   Belgium

   Email: cfilsfils@cisco.com


   Acee Lindem (editor)
   Cisco Systems
   301 Midenhall Way
   Cary, NC  27513
   USA

   Email: acee@cisco.com


   Arjun Sreekantiah

   Email: arjunhrs@gmail.com


   Hannes Gredler
   RtBrick Inc.

   Email: hannes@rtbrick.com





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